Topeka, Kansas

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Topeka, Kansas
Clockwise, from top: skyline from Burnett's Mound; Kansas Avenue Veteran's Memorial; Tribute to the State of Kansas; Topeka & Shawnee County Public Library; Jayhawk Tower; Topeka High School
Clockwise, from top: skyline from Burnett's Mound; Kansas Avenue Veteran's Memorial; Tribute to the State of Kansas; Topeka & Shawnee County Public Library; Jayhawk Tower; Topeka High School
Location within Shawnee County and Kansas
Location within Shawnee County and Kansas
KDOT map of Shawnee County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°03′21″N 95°41′22″W / 39.05583°N 95.68944°W / 39.05583; -95.68944Coordinates: 39°03′21″N 95°41′22″W / 39.05583°N 95.68944°W / 39.05583; -95.68944[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyShawnee
Founded1854
Incorporated1857
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorMichelle De La Isla[2]
 • City ManagerBrent Trout[3]
Area
 • State capital city61.47 sq mi (159.21 km2)
 • Land60.17 sq mi (155.84 km2)
 • Water1.30 sq mi (3.37 km2)
Elevation945 ft (288 m)
Population
 • State capital city127,473
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
125,904
 • RankUS: 220th
 • Density2,100/sq mi (800/km2)
 • Urban
150,003 (US: 217th)
 • Metro
232,594 (US: 195th)
Demonym(s)Topekan
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
66601-66612, 66614-66622, 66624-66626, 66628-66629, 66636-66637, 66642, 66647, 66652-66653, 66667, 66675, 66683, 66692, 66699 [7]
Area code785
FIPS code20-71000 [1]
GNIS ID0485477 [1]
Websitetopeka.org

Topeka (pronounced /tə-pē'kə/)[8] is the capital city of the U.S. state of Kansas. Topeka is the county seat of Shawnee County, and it is in the northeast part of the state. In 2010, 127,473 people lived there.[9]

Topeka was established in 1854 when nine white men founded the Topeka Town Association.[10][11] At an election in November 1861, the people of Kansas chose Topeka as the permanent capital of the state.[12]

Naming history[change | change source]

The name Topeka is made up of three words from the Kaw, Omaha, and Iowa Native American tribes. The first, to, means "potato". The second, pe (short for pekae) is an adjective meaning "good". The third, okae, means "to dig". Thus, the name Topeka means "a good place to dig potatoes".[13] The name was chosen because "[i]t was a novel name of Indian origin, euphonious [pleasing] of sound and simple".[14]

History and culture[change | change source]

Charles Sheldon and Charles Fox Parham, both important people in the history of American Christianity, were preachers in Topeka. Many historians believe that the modern Pentecostalism movement started in Monroe's church in 1901. Sheldon was a preacher in Topeka around the same time, who is famous for coming up with the phrase "What would Jesus do?"[15]

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a lawsuit that went before the United States Supreme Court in 1954. Several families sued the public school board in Topeka for the right for black students to go to the same schools as white students. The Supreme Court decided that school districts could not make students go to different schools because of their race. Today, the government has a museum in Topeka about Brown v. Board of Education and civil rights for African-Americans.

Geography[change | change source]

Aerial image of Topeka (2003)

Topeka is at 39°03′N 95°41′W / 39.050°N 95.683°W / 39.050; -95.683,[1] in north east Kansas. It is at the intersection of I-70 and U.S. Highway 75. It is the start of I-335 which is a part of the Kansas Turnpike running from Topeka to Emporia, Kansas. Topeka is also on U.S. Highway 24 (about 50 miles east of Manhattan, Kansas) and U.S. Highway 40 (about 30 miles west of Lawrence, Kansas). U.S.-40 is coincident with I-70 west from Topeka. The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 61.47 square miles (159.21 km2). Of that, 60.17 square miles (155.84 km2) is land and 1.30 square miles (3.37 km2) is water.[4]

Weather[change | change source]

In 2007 Forbes Magazine saidd Topeka as one of the leading U.S. cities in terms of having the biggest changes in temperature, precipitation, and wind.[16] Topeka has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa). It has hot, somewhat humid summers and cool to cold, fairly dry winters. It is in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 6.[17] Over the course of a year, the monthly daily average temperature ranges from 29.7 °F (−1.3 °C) in January to 79.0 °F (26.1 °C) in July. The high temperature reaches 90 °F or 32.2 °C on average of 41.5 afternoons per year. The high reaches 100 °F or 37.8 °C an average of 3.5 afternoons per year. The low temperature falls below 0 °F or −17.8 °C on average of four mornings per year, and there are 21 afternoons per year that stay below freezing.[18] The general time of year for freezing temperatures is October 15 through April 17.[18]

The area gets about 36.5 inches (930 mm) of precipitation during an average year. The most being received in May and June—the April through June period averages 33 days of measurable precipitation. Generally, the spring and summer months have the most rainfall. Autumn and winter are fairly dry. During a typical year the total amount of precipitation may be anywhere from 25 to 47 inches (640 to 1,190 mm). Much of the rainfall is comes from thunderstorms. These can be very bad. They often have lightning, big hail, and sometimes tornadoes. Winter snowfall averages almost 17.8 inches or 0.45 metres. Measurable (≥0.1 inches or 0.0025 metres) snowfall occurs an average of 12.9 days per year, with at least one inch (0.025 metre) of snow being received on five of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch happens an average of 20 days per year.[18]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860759
18705,790662.8%
188015,452166.9%
189031,007100.7%
190033,6088.4%
191043,68430.0%
192050,02214.5%
193064,12028.2%
194067,8335.8%
195078,79116.2%
1960119,48451.6%
1970125,0114.6%
1980115,266−7.8%
1990119,8834.0%
2000122,3772.1%
2010127,4734.2%
Est. 2018125,904[6]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[22]

2010 census[change | change source]

The 2010 census says that there were 127,473 people, 53,943 households, and 30,707 families living in Topeka.[5]

Crime[change | change source]

Topeka
Crime rates* (2016)
Violent crimes
Homicide27
Robbery269
Aggravated assault425
Total violent crime777
Property crimes
Burglary1,001
Larceny-theft4,725
Motor vehicle theft768
Arson11
Total property crime6,494
Notes

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

2017 population: 126,624

Source: [1]

Culture[change | change source]

Sports[change | change source]

Club Sport League
Kaw Valley FC Soccer USL League Two
Topeka Golden Giants Baseball Mid-Plains League
Topeka Pilots Ice hockey North American Hockey League

Cuisine[change | change source]

C W Porubsky's Deli & Tavern's chili "has been a lure to north Topeka since 1951".[23][24][25] In 2014, Travel + Leisure said it was one of America's Best Chilis.[26]

Media[change | change source]

Print[change | change source]

The Topeka Capital-Journal is a newspaper that is published every day. The Topeka Metro News is a newspaper that is published twice per week. Both newspapers have online versions (The Topeka Metro News - Online Edition and CJOnline).

Radio[change | change source]

The following radio stations are licensed to Topeka:

AM

Frequency Callsign[27] Format[28] Notes
580 WIBW News/Talk
1440 KMAJ News/Talk
1490 KTOP Sports

FM

Frequency Callsign[29] Format[28] Notes
88.1 KJTY Contemporary Christian
89.5 K208FE Christian Translator of KAWZ, Twin Falls, Idaho
90.3 KBUZ Christian AFR
94.5 WIBW-FM Country
99.3 KWIC Classic Hits
100.3 KDVV AOR
106.9 KTPK Classic Country
107.7 KMAJ Adult contemporary

Television[change | change source]

The following television stations are licensed to Topeka:

Digital Channel Analog Channel Callsign[30] Network Notes
11 11 KTWU PBS
13 13 WIBW-TV CBS
25 26 WROB-LD TV25
27 27 KSNT NBC
33 K33IC TBN
43 6 KTMJ-CD FOX
48; 49 (Virtual) 49 KTKA-TV ABC

Infrastructure[change | change source]

Transportation[change | change source]

Greyhound Lines has buses going towards Denver, Colorado, eastward to Kansas City, Missouri, southwest to Wichita, Kansas.[31]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Official records for Topeka kept at the Weather Bureau Office from June 1887 to July 1946, and at Topeka Regional Airport since August 1946. For more information, see Threadex

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "GNIS Detail - Topeka". geonames.usgs.gov.
  2. "Mayor - City of Topeka". www.topeka.org.
  3. Cite error: The named reference Topeka-CityManager was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  4. 4.0 4.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  7. United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  8. The Tormont Webster's Illustrated Encyclopedic Dictionary. United States of America: Tormont Publications Inc. 1990. p. 918. ISBN 2921171325. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
  9. "Topeka (city) Quick Facts from the U.S. Census Bureau". Retrieved November 26, 2011.
  10. Cite error: The named reference Topeka.org was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  11. "Papan Ferry History, Topeka, Kansas". washburn.edu. 2010 [last update]. Retrieved March 13, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  12. Arnold, Anna Estelle (1914). A history of Kansas. State of Kansas. p. 215. Retrieved March 15, 2011.
  13. Giles, Frye William (1886). Thirty years in Topeka: a historical sketch. G. W. Crane & Co. pp. 54, 55. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
  14. Rydjord, John (1968). Indian place-names: their origin, evolution, and meanings, collected in Kansas from the Siouan, Algonquian, Shoshonean, Caddoan, Iroquoian, and other tongues. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 155.
  15. Alan F. Bearman and Jennifer L. Mills 2009. "Adapting Christianity to the Challenges of the American West", Kansas History: A Journal of the Central Plains, 32(106)
  16. Tom Van Riper (2007-07-20). "In Pictures: America's Wildest Weather Cities". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2010-04-01.
  17. The Arbor Day Foundation. "The Arbor Day Foundation". Arborday.org. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 Team, National Weather Service Corporate Image Web. "National Weather Service Climate". www.nws.noaa.gov.
  19. "Station Name: KS TOPEKA MUNI AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
  20. "WMO Climate Normals for TOPEKA/MUNICIPAL ARPT KS 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-11.
  21. "Monthly Averages for Topeka, KS". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
  22. "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  23. Stern, Jane and Michael (1999). Chili Nation. Broadway Books. p. 58. ISBN 0767902637.
  24. Stern, Michael. "Porubsky's Grocery". Roadfood.com. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
  25. Stern, Jane and Michael (February 2008). "A LITTLE CHILI IN KANSAS". Gourmet. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
  26. Saladino, Emily (March 6, 2014). "America's Best Chili". Travel+Leisure. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
  27. "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
  28. 28.0 28.1 "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
  29. "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
  30. "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
  31. "Greyhound". www.greyhound.com.

Other websites[change | change source]