Graham County, Kansas

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Graham County
Antelope Lake Park near Moreland
Map of Kansas highlighting Graham County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°21′N 99°53′W / 39.35°N 99.88°W / 39.35; -99.88
Country United States
State Kansas
FoundedFebruary 26, 1887
Named forJohn L. Graham
SeatHill City
Largest cityHill City
Area
 • Total899 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Land899 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)  0.03%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2016)
2,564
 • Density2.9/sq mi (1.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
WebsiteGrahamCountyKS.com

Graham County (county code GH) is a county in the U.S. state of Kansas. In 2010, 2,597 people lived there.[1] Its county seat is Hill City. Hill City is also the biggest city in Graham County.[2] Nicodemus is in Graham County. Nicodemus was created in 1877, which is the only remaining western town created by African Americans during the Reconstruction Period after the American Civil War.

History[change | change source]

19th century[change | change source]

Graham County was organized in 1880.[3] In 1887, Graham County was created. It was named after Captain John L. Graham,[4] a Union soldier killed at the Battle of Chickamauga in Tennessee on September 19, 1863.

Geography[change | change source]

The U.S. Census Bureau says that the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2). Of that, 899 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.[5]

The average elevation in the county is 2,700 feet (820 m) above sea level. The south fork of Solomon River goes through the county. It is drained by Saline River.[6]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18804,258
18905,02918.1%
19005,1732.9%
19108,70068.2%
19207,624−12.4%
19307,7721.9%
19406,071−21.9%
19505,020−17.3%
19605,58611.3%
19704,751−14.9%
19803,995−15.9%
19903,543−11.3%
20002,946−16.9%
20102,597−11.8%
Est. 20162,564[7]−1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

Government[change | change source]

Presidential elections[change | change source]

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 79.8% 1,025 14.6% 188 5.5% 71
2012 78.8% 1,056 19.1% 256 2.1% 28
2008 74.5% 1,060 22.8% 325 2.7% 38
2004 75.1% 1,082 23.2% 334 1.7% 24
2000 71.8% 1,058 23.5% 346 4.8% 70
1996 63.4% 1,031 26.6% 432 10.0% 163
1992 39.3% 752 29.0% 554 31.7% 606
1988 61.0% 1,139 37.6% 702 1.5% 27
1984 74.0% 1,423 25.0% 480 1.0% 20
1980 70.9% 1,450 23.1% 473 6.0% 122
1976 53.3% 1,112 44.8% 936 1.9% 40
1972 73.3% 1,440 24.9% 488 1.8% 36
1968 60.7% 1,308 27.7% 597 11.6% 249
1964 49.6% 1,194 49.5% 1,193 0.9% 21
1960 63.0% 1,572 36.8% 918 0.3% 7
1956 69.5% 1,676 30.1% 725 0.5% 11
1952 72.6% 1,859 26.8% 686 0.6% 15
1948 59.3% 1,380 39.2% 913 1.5% 35
1944 66.5% 1,651 32.8% 814 0.7% 17
1940 61.0% 1,804 38.4% 1,135 0.7% 20
1936 45.7% 1,462 54.2% 1,734 0.2% 6
1932 37.1% 1,284 60.1% 2,082 2.8% 98
1928 61.7% 1,832 36.6% 1,087 1.7% 51
1924 53.8% 1,631 20.7% 629 25.5% 773
1920 64.1% 1,658 29.4% 762 6.5% 168
1916 35.6% 1,150 55.8% 1,801 8.6% 277
1912 20.3% 327 39.4% 636 40.3% 650[a]
1908 52.2% 911 41.5% 723 6.3% 110
1904 64.7% 921 17.2% 244 18.1% 258
1900 44.0% 561 54.5% 694 1.5% 19
1896 34.3% 343 64.9% 648 0.8% 8
1892 44.4% 436 55.6% 546
1888 49.4% 797 21.2% 342 29.5% 476

Education[change | change source]

Unified school districts[change | change source]

Communities[change | change source]

2005 KDOT Map of Graham County (map legend)

Cities[change | change source]

Culture[change | change source]

Noted regional artist Birger Sandzén often painted landscapes in Graham County. This was where his wife's parents moved to in 1906.[14] Examples include Still Water, which is in the collection at Kansas State University's Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art. It shows Wild Horse Creek in the county.[14]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved July 24, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 771.
  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 140.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. Wikisource Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Graham. II. A N. W. unsettled county of Kansas" . The American Cyclopædia.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  12. http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. "Meeting Minutes". Kansas State Board of Education. December 12, 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-29.[permanent dead link]
  14. 14.0 14.1 North, 24-27
Notes
  1. This total comprises 481 votes (29.8%) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt and 169 votes (10.5%) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

More reading[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

County
Historical
Maps

Coordinates: 39°21′N 99°53′W / 39.350°N 99.883°W / 39.350; -99.883