Nicodemus, Kansas

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Nicodemus, Kansas
Nicodemus Township Hall (2006)
Nicodemus Township Hall (2006)
Nicodemus plat map
Nicodemus plat map
KDOT map of Graham County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°23′40″N 99°37′1″W / 39.39444°N 99.61694°W / 39.39444; -99.61694Coordinates: 39°23′40″N 99°37′1″W / 39.39444°N 99.61694°W / 39.39444; -99.61694[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyGraham
Founded1877
Named forNicodemus
Elevation2,021 ft (616 m)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code20-50550 [1]
GNIS feature ID0472219 [1]

Nicodemus is an unincorporated community in Graham County, Kansas, United States.[1] The community was created in 1877. it is named after the Biblical figure Nicodemus.[2]

The Nicodemus National Historic Site is in Nicodemus. The place commemorates the only remaining western town created by African Americans during the Reconstruction Period. During the last weekend of July, former residents and their descendants return for celebrations and parades.

In 1976, Nicodemus was named a National Historic Landmark. As of 2018, its First Baptist Church, African Methodist Episcopal Church, and other historic buildings are in bad condition that they cannot be opened to the public.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The United States Census Bureau says that the Nicodemus township has an area of 32.4 square miles. The town is along Highway 24 in the Great Plains.[4]

Climate[change | change source]

Summer is typically long and hot. Thunderstorms are common during summer. Spring and fall are usually short, while winter is cold. The average precipitation is about 22 inches.[5]

Climate data for Nicodemus, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 43
(6)
47
(8)
56
(13)
67
(19)
75
(24)
86
(30)
93
(34)
90
(32)
82
(28)
69
(21)
55
(13)
43
(6)
67
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
18
(−8)
26
(−3)
36
(2)
48
(9)
58
(14)
64
(18)
62
(17)
51
(11)
38
(3)
26
(−3)
16
(−9)
38
(4)
Source: National Park Service "Climate". National Park Service. Archived from the original on April 13, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013.

More reading[change | change source]

  • Crockett, Norman I. The Black Towns. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas, 1979.
  • Hamilton, Kenneth Marvin. Black Towns and Profit: Promotion and Development in the Trans-Appalachian West, 1877–1915. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
  • Hamilton, Kenneth Marvin. "The Origins and Early Promotion of Nicodemus: A Pre-Exodus, All-Black Town." Kansas History 5 (winter 1982): 220–242.
  • Promised Land on the Solomon: Black Settlement at Nicodemus, Kansas. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Region, n.d.
  • Schwendemann, Glen. "Nicodemus: Negro Haven on the Solomon." Kansas Historical Quarterly 29 (spring 1963): 10–31.
  • Shaw, Bill & Daniel Chu. Going home to Nicodemus: The story of an African American frontier town and the pioneers who settled it. Morristown: Silver Burdett Press, 1994.
  • Shortridge, James R. Peopling the plains: Who Settled Where in Frontier Kansas. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995
  • Athearn, Robert G. In Search Of Canaan: Black Migration to Kansas 1879–80. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas, 1978
  • Ravage, John W. Black Frontiers: Images of the Black Experience on the North American Frontier. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1997.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "GNIS Detail - Nicodemus". geonames.usgs.gov.
  2. Kansas Place-Names, John Rydjord, University of Oklahoma Press, 1972, ISBN 0-8061-0994-7
  3. Edwards, Richard (July 5, 2018). "The disappearing story of the black homesteaders who pioneered the West". Washington Post. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  4. "Directions". National Park Service. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  5. "Climate". National Park Service. Archived from the original on 13 April 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]