Harper County, Kansas

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Harper County
Harper County Courthouse (2015)
Harper County Courthouse (2015)
Map of Kansas highlighting Harper County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°12′N 98°06′W / 37.2°N 98.1°W / 37.2; -98.1
Country United States
State Kansas
FoundedFebruary 26, 1867
Named forMarion Harper
SeatAnthony
Largest cityAnthony
Area
 • Total803 sq mi (2,080 km2)
 • Land801 sq mi (2,070 km2)
 • Water1.5 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2016)
5,685
 • Density7.5/sq mi (2.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
WebsiteHarperCountyKS.gov

Harper County (county code HP) is a county in the U.S. state of Kansas. In 2010, 6,034 people lived there.[1] Its county seat is Anthony. Anthony is also the biggest city in Harper County.[2] The county was named after Sergeant Marion Harper of the 2nd Kansas Cavalry. He died of wounds suffered near Waldron, Arkansas, in December 1863.[3]

History[change | change source]

19th century[change | change source]

In 1867, Harper County was created.

The original organization of Harper County was one of the biggest frauds in county government. In 1873, a group of three men organized Harper County. They designated the then-fake city of "Bluff City" as the county seat. The petition for organization used many names from a Cincinnati city directory to represent as residents of Harper County.[4] In 1874, the state attorney general investigated. He didn't find any resident of the county. The "creators" of the county had sold $40,000 worth of bonds.[5]

21st century[change | change source]

Due to new and high-paying jobs at oil fields and wind farms, Harper County had an economic boom. In 2012, rental housing and office space in towns such as Danville, Harper, and Anthony had become four times more expensive.[6] However, by 2016, the oil fracking boom had ended. The economies of Harper County were hurt.[7]

Geography[change | change source]

The U.S. Census Bureau says taht the county has a total area of 803 square miles (2,080 km2). Of that, 801 square miles (2,070 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.2%) is water.[8]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18804,133
189013,266221.0%
190010,310−22.3%
191014,74843.0%
192013,656−7.4%
193012,823−6.1%
194012,068−5.9%
195010,263−15.0%
19609,541−7.0%
19707,871−17.5%
19807,778−1.2%
19907,124−8.4%
20006,536−8.3%
20106,034−7.7%
Est. 20165,685[9]−5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2016[1]

Government[change | change source]

Presidential elections[change | change source]

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 77.4% 1,996 15.2% 393 7.3% 189
2012 73.6% 1,759 23.0% 550 3.4% 80
2008 71.5% 1,999 26.3% 736 2.2% 61
2004 73.5% 2,154 24.8% 727 1.7% 49
2000 68.0% 2,076 28.5% 869 3.6% 110
1996 61.4% 1,941 26.5% 836 12.1% 382
1992 40.6% 1,371 25.0% 845 34.4% 1,162
1988 59.4% 1,941 37.8% 1,235 2.8% 92
1984 73.1% 2,521 25.9% 893 1.0% 35
1980 64.2% 2,254 28.2% 990 7.6% 268
1976 50.0% 1,777 47.3% 1,681 2.7% 96
1972 75.7% 2,628 21.0% 729 3.3% 114
1968 64.0% 2,351 27.6% 1,015 8.4% 308
1964 51.7% 1,969 47.6% 1,813 0.7% 28
1960 68.3% 3,158 31.1% 1,439 0.5% 25
1956 70.0% 3,111 29.5% 1,311 0.5% 23
1952 78.6% 3,575 20.4% 927 1.0% 45
1948 59.3% 2,702 38.4% 1,752 2.3% 106
1944 63.8% 2,849 35.2% 1,573 1.0% 46
1940 55.7% 3,205 43.1% 2,478 1.2% 68
1936 41.7% 2,441 57.9% 3,391 0.4% 22
1932 41.1% 2,116 55.6% 2,860 3.3% 169
1928 77.9% 3,712 21.1% 1,005 1.1% 51
1924 53.3% 2,280 30.9% 1,321 15.9% 681
1920 61.7% 2,593 35.3% 1,486 3.0% 127
1916 36.8% 1,797 54.2% 2,648 9.0% 439
1912 11.6% 365 40.6% 1,274 47.8% 1,499[a]
1908 48.5% 1,490 45.7% 1,404 5.9% 181
1904 61.7% 1,459 25.3% 597 13.0% 308
1900 47.0% 1,190 49.8% 1,261 3.1% 79
1896 37.4% 812 61.3% 1,332 1.3% 29
1892 38.6% 1,288 61.4% 2,051
1888 48.8% 1,490 30.8% 940 20.4% 624

Education[change | change source]

Unified school districts[change | change source]

Communities[change | change source]

2005 KDOT Map of Harper County (map legend)

Cities[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Kansas Place-Names, John Rydjord, University of Oklahoma Press, 1972, ISBN 0-8061-0994-7
  4. Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.
  5. Cutler, William G. (1883). History of the State of Kansas. A.T. Andreas.
  6. Blake Ellis (June 1, 2012). "Where trailer homes rent for $2,000 a month". CNN Money. CNN.com. Retrieved 2012-06-02.
  7. Downward flow's ripples: Oil, gas downturn hitting counties on many levels, Kansas Agland, Amy Bickel, Feb 13, 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  10. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  11. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  12. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  13. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  14. http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
Notes
  1. This total comprises 1,296 votes (41.30 percent) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt (who carried the county) and 203 votes (6.47 percent) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

More reading[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 37°12′N 98°05′W / 37.200°N 98.083°W / 37.200; -98.083