Albany, New York
|Etymology: Named for the Scottish Duke of Albany, whose title comes from the Gaelic name for Scotland: Alba|
|• Type||Strong mayor-council|
|• Mayor||Kathy Sheehan (D)|
|• State capital||21.94 sq mi (56.81 km2)|
|• Land||21.40 sq mi (55.43 km2)|
|• Water||0.53 sq mi (1.38 km2)|
|• Metro||6,570 sq mi (17,000 km2)|
|Elevation||141 ft (43 m)|
|Highest elevation||378 ft (115 m)|
|Lowest elevation||2 ft (0.6 m)|
|• State capital||99,224|
|• Density||4,506.84/sq mi (1,740.11/km2)|
|• Metro density||180/sq mi (69/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
12201–12212, 12214, 12220, 12222–12232
|Area codes||518, 838|
|ISO 3166 code||36-01000|
|GNIS feature ID||978659|
Albany (// (listen) AWL-bə-nee) is the capital city of the U.S. state of New York, the seat of Albany County, and the central city of New York's Capital District. Roughly 150 miles (240 km) north of New York City, Albany sits on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 10 miles (16 km) south of its confluence with the Mohawk River.
Albany is served by the Albany International Airport.
Buildings[change | change source]
The Empire State Plaza has many state agency office buildings. It fills almost any view of Albany. Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller and architect Wallace Harrison led its construction between 1965 and 1978. The complex is a big example of late American modernism in architecture. It remains a controversial building project both for displacing city residents and for its architectural style. The most recognizable part of the complex is the Erastus Corning Tower. The tower is the tallest building in New York outside of New York City. The 19th-century New York State Capitol at the opposite (north) end of the plaza is the seat of the New York State Legislature and the home of the Governor of New York, currently Andrew Cuomo.
Albany's initial architecture incorporated many Dutch influences, followed soon after by those of the English. The Quackenbush House, a Dutch Colonial brick mansion, was built c. 1736; Schuyler Mansion, a Georgian-style mansion, was built in 1765; and the oldest building currently standing in Albany is the 1728 Van Ostrande-Radliff House at 48 Hudson Avenue. Albany's housing varies greatly, with mostly row houses in the older sections of town, closer to the river. Housing type quickly changes as one travels westward, beginning with two-family homes of the late 19th century, and one-family homes built after World War II in the western end of the city.
Albany City Hall was opened in 1883. The New York State Capitol was opened in 1899 (after 32 years of construction) at a cost of $25 million, making it the most expensive government building at the time. Albany's Union Station, a major Beaux-Arts design, was under construction at the same time; it opened in 1900. In 1912, the Beaux-Arts styled New York State Department of Education Building opened on Washington Avenue near the Capitol. It has a classical exterior, which features a block-long white marble colonnade. The 1920s brought the Art Deco movement, which is illustrated by the Home Savings Bank Building (1927) on North Pearl Street and the Alfred E. Smith Building (1930) on South Swan Street, two of Albany's tallest high-rises.
Architecture from the 1960s and 1970s is well represented in the city, especially at the W. Averell Harriman State Office Building Campus (1950s and 1960s) and on the uptown campus of the SUNY Albany college (1962–1971). The state office campus was planned in the 1950s by governor W. Averell Harriman to offer more parking and easier access for state employees. The uptown SUNY campus was built in the 1960s under Governor Rockefeller on the site of the city-owned Albany Country Club. Straying from the popular open campus layout, noted American architect Edward Durell Stone designed the SUNY Albany campus from 1954 to 1956 with a centralized building layout with administrative and classroom buildings at center surrounded by four student housing towers. The design called for much use of concrete and glass, and the style has slender, round-topped columns and pillars reminiscent of those at Lincoln Center in New York City.
Notes[change | change source]
- For the area code.
- MSN Encarta states that this nickname "resulted from the meeting here in 1754 of the Albany Congress, which adopted Benjamin Franklin's Plan of Union, the first formal proposal to unite the colonies.
- In this instance, assiduity, "the quality of acting with constant and careful attention."
- On Birch Hill Road near Loudonville Reservoir.
- Mean water elevation, varies with the tide.
References[change | change source]
- "Albany" Archived October 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Archived October 31, 2009.
- Nearing, Brian (November 30, 2004). "Three Cheers for the Orange, White, and Blue". Times Union (Albany). Hearst Newspapers. p. B1. Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "Worldwide Elevation Finder". elevation.maplogs.com.
- "NATIONAL WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM - The Hudson River Basin". USGS. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- McEneny (2006), p. 111
- McEneny (2006), p. 193
- Waite (1993), pp. 81–82
- Waite (1993), pp. 68–70
- Brooke, Cornelia E. (1972-02-04). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Quackenbush House". Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Waite (1993), pp. 48–49
- Grondahl, Paul (2008-12-23). "This Old House Under Our Noses". Times Union (Albany). Hearst Newspapers. Archived from the original on 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- Scruton, Bruce A. (1986-07-06). "City's Architectural Heritage Diverse, Extensive". Knickerbocker News. Hearst Newspapers (online publisher). p. T52. Archived from the original on 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
- "Building Big: New York State Capitol". Public Broadcasting Service. 2001. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
- Waite (1993), p. 106
- Waite (1993), pp. 79–80
- Waite (1993), p. 98
- Waite (1993), p. 82
- "Albany: Buildings of the City". Emporis. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
- McGuire, Mark (1997-09-28). "Dirt, Not Ivy, Covers This Campus". Times Union (Albany). Hearst Newspapers. p. A1. Archived from the original on 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Waite (1993), pp. 241–242
Further reading[change | change source]
- McEneny, John (2006). Albany, Capital City on the Hudson: An Illustrated History. Sun Valley, California: American Historical Press. ISBN 1892724537.
- Rittner, Don (2000). Images of America: Albany. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0738500887.
- Waite, Diana S. (1993). Albany Architecture: A Guide to the City. Albany: Mount Ida Press. ISBN 0962536814.
- Weise, Arthur James (1884). The History of the City of Albany, New York, from the Discovery of the Great River in 1524 by Verrazzano to the Present Time. Albany: E.H. Bender. OCLC 337558.
Other websites[change | change source]
- City of Albany Homepage
- Mayor's Office Archived 2011-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Common Council Archived 2011-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Current City Charter[permanent dead link]
- Albany-Colonie Regional Chamber of Commerce Archived 2014-05-17 at the Wayback Machine
- alloveralbany.com, voted 2nd-best local website in the Times Union "Best of 2010" list
- 518fever.com Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine, voted 3rd-best local website in the Times Union "Best of 2010" list
- crumbs.net, Capital Region Unofficial Musicians and Bands Site, voted best website (music) in the Metroland Best of the Capital Region 2010 list
- albanyalive.com Archived 2011-11-20 at the Wayback Machine, Capital Region Event Information & Photographs.
- albany.org, tourist information site sponsored by the Albany County Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Albany, New York at the Open Directory Project
- Albany (New York) travel guide from Wikivoyage
- 2011 Albany Visitors Guide Archived 2011-12-03 at the Wayback Machine