List of U.S. state capitals

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This is a list of United States state capital cities. Each city is the center of government for a state in the United States, usually in the capitol building. The state capital city with the fewest people is Montpelier, Vermont,[1] while the capital city with the most people is Phoenix, Arizona.

State capitals of the United States
State Abr. State-hood Capital Capital since Area (mi²) Population (2010) Notes
Municipal Metropolitan Rank
Alabama AL 1819 Montgomery 1846 155.4 205,764 374,536 2 Birmingham is the state's largest city.
Alaska AK 1959 Juneau 1906 2716.7 31,275 3 Largest capital by municipal land area. Anchorage is the state's largest city.
Arizona AZ 1912 Phoenix 1889 474.9 1,445,632 4,192,887 1 Most populous U.S. state capital and the only capital with more than 1 million citizens.
Arkansas AR 1836 Little Rock 1821 116.2 193,524 877,091 1
California CA 1850 Sacramento 1854 97.2 466,488 2,527,123 6 Supreme Court of California is headquartered in San Francisco. The state's largest city is Los Angeles.
Colorado CO 1876 Denver 1867 153.4 600,158 2,552,195 1 Denver was called Denver City until 1882.
Connecticut CT 1788 Hartford 1875 17.3 124,775 1,212,381 3 Bridgeport is the state's largest city, Hartford, however, is the state's largest Metro area
Delaware DE 1787 Dover 1777 22.4 36,047 162,310 2 Longest-serving capital in terms of statehood. Wilmington is the state's largest city.
Florida FL 1845 Tallahassee 1824 95.7 181,412 367,413 7 Jacksonville is the largest city. Miami is the largest metropolitan area.
Georgia GA 1788 Atlanta 1868 131.7 420,003 5,268,860 1 State capital with the most populous metro area in the U.S.
Hawaii HI 1959 Honolulu 1845 85.7 337,256 953,207 1
Idaho ID 1890 Boise 1865 63.8 205,671 616,561 1
Illinois IL 1818 Springfield 1837 54.0 116,250 208,182 6 Chicago is the state's largest city.
Indiana IN 1816 Indianapolis 1825 361.5 829,718 1,756,221 1
Iowa IA 1846 Des Moines 1857 75.8 203,433 580,255 1
Kansas KS 1861 Topeka 1856 56.0 127,473 230,824 4 Wichita is the state's largest city.
Kentucky KY 1792 Frankfort 1792 14.7 25,527 70,758 14 Louisville is the state's largest city.
Louisiana LA 1812 Baton Rouge 1880 76.8 229,553 802,484 2 New Orleans is the state's largest city and home to the Louisiana Supreme Court, although Baton Rouge is located in the state's most populous parish. It is also home to the tallest state capitol building.
Maine ME 1820 Augusta 1832 55.4 19,136 117,114 8 Portland is the state's largest city.
Maryland MD 1788 Annapolis 1694 6.73 38,394 7 Smallest capital by land area. Baltimore is the state's largest city and county. Capitol building is the oldest in the U.S. still in use.
Massachusetts MA 1788 Boston 1630 48.4 617,594 4,522,858 1 Longest continuously serving capital in the U.S.
Michigan MI 1837 Lansing 1847 35.0 114,297 464,036 5 Only state capital that is not also its county seat (not counting the two state capitals that are independent cities and not located in any county). Detroit is the state's largest city.
Minnesota MN 1858 Saint Paul 1849 52.8 300,851 3,502,891 2 Capital's twin city, Minneapolis, is the state's largest. The two form the core of the state's Largest Metro Area.
Mississippi MS 1817 Jackson 1821 104.9 173,514 539,057 1 Only state capital that shares its status as county seat with another city (Raymond, Mississippi).
Missouri MO 1821 Jefferson City 1826 27.3 43,079 149,807 15 Kansas City is the state's largest city, and Greater St. Louis is the state's largest metropolitan area.
Montana MT 1889 Helena 1875 14.0 28,190 74,801 6 Billings is the state's largest city.
Nebraska NE 1867 Lincoln 1867 74.6 258,379 302,157 2 Omaha is the state's largest city. It shares the largest metro area with Council Bluffs, Iowa.
Nevada NV 1864 Carson City 1861 143.4 55,274 6 One of two independent cities that serves as a state capital. Las Vegas is the state's largest city. It shares the largest metro area with Paradise.
New Hampshire NH 1788 Concord 1808 64.3 42,695 3 Manchester is the state's largest city.
New Jersey NJ 1787 Trenton 1784 7.66 84,913 366,513 10 Served as the U.S. capital for a short period in the late 18th century. Newark is the state's largest city, although Trenton is the center of the largest Metropolitan Statistical Area centered in New Jersey.
New Mexico NM 1912 Santa Fe 1610 37.3 75,764 183,732 4 Longest serving capital in the United States. Highest elevation of any state capital. Albuquerque is the state's largest city.
New York NY 1788 Albany 1797 21.4 97,856 857,592 6 New York City is the state's largest city.
North Carolina NC 1789 Raleigh 1792 114.6 403,892 1,130,490 2 Charlotte is the state's largest city.
North Dakota ND 1889 Bismarck 1883 26.9 61,272 108,779 2 Fargo is the state's largest city.
Ohio OH 1803 Columbus 1816 210.3 822,553 1,967,066 1 Third-largest state capital; however, the Cincinnati and Cleveland metropolitan areas are both slightly larger.
Oklahoma OK 1907 Oklahoma City 1910 607.0 580,000 1,252,987 1 Shortest serving current state capital.
Oregon OR 1859 Salem 1855 45.7 154,637 390,738 3 Portland is the state's largest city.
Pennsylvania PA 1787 Harrisburg 1812 8.11 49,528 647,390 9 Philadelphia is the state's largest city.
Rhode Island RI 1790 Providence 1900 18.5 178,042 1,630,956 1 Also served as the state's capital from 1636–1686 and 1689–1776. It was one of five co-capitals 1776–1853, and one of two co-capitals 1853–1900.
South Carolina SC 1788 Columbia 1786 125.2 131,686 913,797 2 Charleston is the state's largest city, while Greenville is the Largest Metro area.
South Dakota SD 1889 Pierre 1889 13.0 13,646 8 Sioux Falls is the state's largest city.
Tennessee TN 1796 Nashville 1826 473.3 635,710 1,582,264 1 Nashville is the states second largest city.
Texas TX 1845 Austin 1839 251.5 790,390 1,716,291 4 Houston is the state's largest city and the previous capital, and Dallas–Fort Worth is the largest metro area. Austin is the largest state capital that is not also the state's largest city by population.
Utah UT 1896 Salt Lake City 1858 109.1 186,440 1,124,197 1
Vermont VT 1791 Montpelier 1805 10.2 7,855 6 Least populous U.S. state capital. Burlington is the state's largest city.
Virginia VA 1788 Richmond 1780 60.1 204,214 1,231,675 4 Virginia Beach and Norfolk are the state's largest cities, and Hampton Roads is the state's largest metro area based in the state. Richmond is one of two independent cities that serves as a state capital. Although Richmond is the county seat of Henrico County, it is not part of the county.
Washington WA 1889 Olympia 1853 16.7 46,478 234,670 24 Seattle is the state's largest city.
West Virginia WV 1863 Charleston 1885 31.6 51,400 304,214 1 Charleston is the smallest capital city that is still the most populous city in its state. Huntington has the largest metropolitan area.
Wisconsin WI 1848 Madison 1838 68.7 233,209 561,505 2 Milwaukee is the state's largest city.
Wyoming WY 1890 Cheyenne 1869 21.1 59,466 91,738 1

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