December 7, 1928 |
|Era||20th / 21st-century philosophy|
|Linguistics · Psychology
Philosophy of language
Politics · Ethics
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, political activist, author, and lecturer. He is an Institute Professor and professor emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Linguistics[change | change source]
Chomsky created the theory of generative grammar. This is one of the most important contributions to the field of linguistics made in the 20th century. He also helped start the cognitive revolution in psychology through his review of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior. He challenged the behaviorist way of looking at behavior and language. This was the main approach used in the 1950s. His natural approach to the study of language also changed the philosophy of language and mind. He also invented the Chomsky hierarchy, a way of looking at formal languages in terms of their power to explain language.
According to the Arts and Humanities Citation Index in 1992, Chomsky was cited as a source more often than any other living scholar during the 1980–1992 time period. He was the eighth-most cited scholar in any time period.
Politics[change | change source]
In the 1960s he criticized the Vietnam War. Because of that, Chomsky became more widely known for his media criticism and politics. He is a key intellectual figure within the left wing of United States politics. Chomsky is widely known for his political activism, and for his criticism of the foreign policy of the United States and other governments. Chomsky often calls himself a libertarian socialist and an anarcho-syndicalist, and he has talked and written extensively on these subjects. He is a member of the Industrial Workers of the World, following his father William Chomsky who was also a member.
Notes[change | change source]
- "Chomsky is citation champ". MIT News Office. 1992-04-15. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- Hughes, Samuel (July/August 2001). "Speech!". The Pennsylvania Gazette. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
According to a recent survey by the Institute for Scientific Information, only Marx, Lenin, Shakespeare, Aristotle, the Bible, Plato, and Freud are cited more often in academic journals than Chomsky, who edges out Hegel and Cicero.Check date values in:
- Robinson, Paul (1979-02-25). "The Chomsky Problem". The New York Times.
Judged in terms of the power, range, novelty and influence of his thought, Noam Chomsky is arguably the most important intellectual alive today. He is also a disturbingly divided intellectual.
- Stirner, Max (April–May 2012). "Noam Chomsky & Workers' Control" (PDF). Sparks. p. 22. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- Lewis, Paul (June 19, 2015). "Inside the mind of Bernie Sanders: unbowed, unchanged, and unafraid of a good fight". The Guardian. London. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on January 17, 2016.
References[change | change source]
- Barsky, Robert F. (1997). Noam Chomsky: a life of dissent. Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 978-1550222821.
- Chomsky, Noam (1996). Perspectives on Power. Montréal: Black Rose. ISBN 978-1551640488.
- Kreisler, Harry (2002-03-22). "Activism, Anarchism, and Power: Conversation with Noam Chomsky". Conversations with History. Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
Other websites[change | change source]
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- Official website
- Why It's Over For America, by Noam Chomsky, The Independent, May 30, 2006
- MIT homepage
- Noam Chomsky on IMDb
- Conversation with Noam Chomsky
- NY Times article on Chomsky—September 22, 2006
- Video of Chomsky's talk 'Force, law and the possibilities for survival' in March 2005
- joint Noam Chomsky—Howard Zinn interview, April 16 2007 part one part two
- On nedia: State of Nature interview with Noam Chomsky (September, 2006)