Antonio Gramsci, 1916
|Born||22 January 1891
Ales, Sardinia, Italy
|Died||27 April 1937
Rome, Lazio, Italy
|Influenced by||Karl Marx, Niccolò Machiavelli, Vladimir Lenin, Antonio Labriola, Georges Sorel, Vilfredo Pareto, Henri Bergson, Benedetto Croce, Giovanni Gentile|
|Influenced||Stuart Hall, Eric Hobsbawm, Ernesto Laclau, Chantal Mouffe, Edward Said, Palmiro Togliatti, Cornel West, Alain de Benoist, Raymond Williams , Néstor García Canclini, Giovanni Arrighi, Alex Callinicos, Nicos Poulantzas, Gayatri Spivak, Bob Jessop|
Antonio Gramsci (Italian: [anˈtɔːnjo ˈɡramʃi]; 22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian writer, politician, political theorist, philosopher, sociologist, and linguist. He was a founding member and onetime leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime.
Gramsci was one of the most important Marxist thinkers in the 20th century. He is a notable figure within modern European thought and his writings analyze culture and political leadership called "hegemony". He is known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies.
References[change | change source]
- Owen, Richard (25 November 2008). "The founder of Italian Communism had deathbed conversion". The Sunday Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article5232492.ece. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Gramsci's writings at MIA
- The International Gramsci Society
- "Notes on Language". TELOS
- Fondazione Instituto Gramsci
- Special issue of International Socialism journal with a collection on Gramsci's legacy
- Roberto Robaina: Gramsci and revolution: a necessary clarification
- Dan Jakopovich: Revolution and the Party in Gramsci's Thought: A Modern Application