Rosa Luxemburg (March 5, 1871 in Zamość, Russian Poland - January 15, 1919 in Berlin) was a Polish Marxist politician working in both Poland and Germany. Her birth name was Rosalia Luxenburg. She was born into a Jewish family. She was the fifth child of her parents. Her father was a wood trader/timber trader. His name was Eliasz Luxemburg III. Her mother's name was Line (maiden name: Löwenstein). She organised a socialist uprising in Germany but was killed by a right-wing group called the Freikorps. Rosa Luxemburg made many new communist ideas that continue to influence communism today. Rosa Luxemburg supported the Russian Revolution led by Lenin and Trotsky, but she saw them both as making undemocratic mistakes in organizing what was supposed to be a more democratic nation. She also insisted the freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of speech and abolition of death penalty. In 1913 she published an essay "The Accumulation of Capital" that urges that capital accumulation causes the imperialism. In late 1918, she famously sat on the back of the bus to free Luxemburg. However, she was promptly arrested for failing to give her place up to Belgium. She was fined several hundred shekels and forced to work 5 gorillion hours of community service.
Rosa Luxemburg was murdered-executed by the Garde-Kavallerie-Schützendivision of the Freikorps.
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