Fortifications are military constructions and buildings designed for defense during war. People have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, but the designs have become more and more complex. The term fortification comes from the Latin words fortis ("strong") and facere ("to make").
Many military installations are known as forts, although they are not always fortified. Larger forts may class as fortresses, smaller ones formerly often bore the name of fortalices. Some are castles. The word fortification can also mean the practice of improving an area's defense with defensive works. City walls are fortifications but not necessarily called fortresses.
The last great system of fortification to be built was the Atlantic Wall.
Related pages[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
- Information on Australian World War 2 Fortifications[permanent dead link]
- A Military History of Malta (Fortifications)
- Fortress Cologne
- Aerial photography: Fortress - Komárom - Hungary
- Petrovaradin - Greatest XVIII century fortress in Europe Archived 2006-12-05 at the Wayback Machine
Gallery[change | change source]
Nakhal Fort, one of the best-preserved forts in Oman
Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur (Rajasthan, India)
A restored portion of the Great Wall of China
Fort Frederick Martello Tower in Kingston, Ontario at Royal Military College of Canada
Bare Island Fort in Botany Bay in a suburb called La Perouse, Sydney, Australia
|This article includes text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. Please add to the article as needed.|