Sydney

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Sydney
New South Wales
Montage of Sydney1.jpg
Top: Sydney Opera House; Sydney Harbour Bridge; Centre: Sydney's central business district; Centre left: Bondi Beach; Centre right: Darling Harbour; Bottom: Luna Park; Botany Bay; Old Government House
Sydney is located in Australia
Sydney
Population: 4,504,469 [1] (1st)
Density: 2058/km² (5,330.2/sq mi) (2006)[2]
Established: 26 January 1788
Coordinates: 33°51′35.9″S 151°12′40″E / 33.859972°S 151.21111°E / -33.859972; 151.21111Coordinates: 33°51′35.9″S 151°12′40″E / 33.859972°S 151.21111°E / -33.859972; 151.21111
Area: 12144.6 km² (4,689.1 sq mi)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST)

AEST (UTC+10)

AEDT (UTC+11)

Location:
LGA: various (38)
County: Cumberland[3]
State District: various (49)
Federal Division: various (22)
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
21.7 °C
71 °F
13.8 °C
57 °F
1,212.8 mm
47.7 in
Sydney, as seen from Balmain

Sydney is a city on the east coast of Australia. Sydney is the capital city of New South Wales. About four million people live in Sydney which makes it the biggest city in Australia. Sydney started in 1788, when the Captain Arthur Phillip brought the First Fleet to settle in Australia. The settlers were mostly convicts from crowded prisons in England and Ireland, with a group of soldiers to guard them.

In Sydney, there are many famous buildings: the Sydney Opera House, the Queen Victoria Building and the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Sydney has a large harbour and many beaches. The most famous beach is Bondi Beach, some other famous beaches are Coogee Beach and Manly Beach. Famous parts of the harbour are Darling Harbour and Circular Quay.

The most famous sports ground in Sydney is ANZ Stadium (which used to be called "Stadium Australia") because it was built for the 2000 Summer Olympics. Another stadium in Sydney is the Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG).

Sydney has many things to see and do. These include visiting Taronga Zoo (a park for animals) on the northern side of the harbour, eating food, looking at art or watching sports (like cricket or rugby) or walking down George Street which has many nice shops. Sydney has some of Australia's best shopping, and the Blue Mountains are about two hours' drive away to the west. Many people go to Sydney City to watch the great fireworks display over the harbour on New Year's Eve.

Geography[change | edit source]

Climate[change | edit source]

Climate data for Sydney
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.3
(113.5)
42.1
(107.8)
39.8
(103.6)
33.9
(93)
30.0
(86)
26.9
(80.4)
25.9
(78.6)
31.3
(88.3)
34.6
(94.3)
38.2
(100.8)
41.8
(107.2)
42.2
(108)
45.3
(113.5)
Average high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
25.8
(78.4)
24.7
(76.5)
22.4
(72.3)
19.4
(66.9)
16.9
(62.4)
16.3
(61.3)
17.8
(64)
20.0
(68)
22.1
(71.8)
23.6
(74.5)
25.2
(77.4)
21.7
(71.1)
Average low °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
18.8
(65.8)
17.5
(63.5)
14.7
(58.5)
11.5
(52.7)
9.3
(48.7)
8.0
(46.4)
8.9
(48)
11.1
(52)
13.5
(56.3)
15.6
(60.1)
17.5
(63.5)
13.8
(56.8)
Record low °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
9.6
(49.3)
9.3
(48.7)
7.0
(44.6)
4.4
(39.9)
2.1
(35.8)
2.2
(36)
2.7
(36.9)
4.9
(40.8)
5.7
(42.3)
7.7
(45.9)
9.1
(48.4)
2.1
(35.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 101.5
(3.996)
118.7
(4.673)
128.9
(5.075)
125.8
(4.953)
121.1
(4.768)
130.7
(5.146)
97.3
(3.831)
81.2
(3.197)
69.1
(2.72)
77.6
(3.055)
83.1
(3.272)
77.8
(3.063)
1,212.8
(47.748)
Avg. rainy days (≥ of ANY volume) 12.2 12.4 13.5 12.8 13.2 12.5 11.1 10.5 10.6 11.6 11.6 11.5 143.5
Sunshine hours 220.1 194.3 198.4 192.0 182.9 165.0 198.4 220.1 216.0 223.2 234.0 235.6 2,480
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[4]


Events[change | edit source]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2008-09". Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3218.02008-09?OpenDocument. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (17 March 2008). "Explore Your City Through the 2006 Census Social Atlas Series". http://abs.gov.au/websitedbs/d3310114.nsf/4a256353001af3ed4b2562bb00121564/45b3371f4a681356ca25740e007c92bf!OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  3. Note: Counties are seldom used in Australia except for some land valuation purposes. Most residents do not know that counties exist.
  4. "Sydney (Observatory Hill)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_066062_All.shtml. Retrieved 15 August 2010.