Martín Vizcarra

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Martín Vizcarra
Martín Vizcarra Cornejo (cropped).png
67th President of Peru
In office
23 March 2018 – 9 November 2020
Prime MinisterMercedes Aráoz
César Villanueva
Salvador del Solar
Vicente Zeballos
Pedro Cateriano
Walter Martos
Vice PresidentMercedes Aráoz (2018–19)
Preceded byPedro Pablo Kuczynski
Succeeded byManuel Merino
Vice President of Peru
In office
28 July 2016 – 23 March 2018
PresidentPedro Pablo Kuczynski
Preceded byMarisol Espinoza
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
28 July 2016 – 22 May 2017
Preceded byJosé Gallardo Ku
Succeeded byBruno Giuffra
Governor of the Moquegua Region
In office
1 January 2011 – 31 December 2014
Preceded byJaime Rodríguez Villanueva
Succeeded byJaime Rodríguez Villanueva
Personal details
Born
Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo

(1963-03-22) 22 March 1963 (age 58)
Lima, Peru
Political partyPeruvians for Change
ProfessionEngineer

Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo (born 22 March 1963) is a Peruvian engineer and politician. He was the 67th President of Peru following the resignation of President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.[1] He previously served as the Vice President of Peru alongside Mercedes Aráoz.

Early life[change | change source]

Vizcarra was born in Lima, the son of César Vizcarra Vargas, who was an American Popular Revolutionary Alliance(APRA) member, and Doris Cornejo, an elementary school teacher. His father was mayor of Moquegua and a member of the Constituent Assembly of 1978. His family was based in Moquegua, but moved to Lima due to a pulmonary complication that put him on the verge of death at his birth. Vizcarra has stated that his father had a lasting impact on his life.[2]

Education[change | change source]

Vizcarra studied at the IEP Juan XXIII and the GUE Simón Bolívar, in Moquegua. For university education, Vizcarra graduated from the National University of Engineering in Lima in 1984[3] while also earning a degree in Management Administration from the School of Business Administration (ESAN).[4]

Vice presidency[change | change source]

In the 2016 general election, Vizcarra ran with the Peruvians for Change presidential ticket as candidate for first vice president and as Pedro Pablo Kuczynski's running mate. The ticket narrowly defeated Keiko Fujimori's Popular Forcenomination.

Presidency[change | change source]

Vizcarra was sworn into office as president on 23 March 2018 following the resignation of President Kuczynski.[5][6] Throughout his tenure, Vizcarra remained independent from political parties, promoted reforms against corruption in the legislative and judicial branches and vowed to not run for president when his term ends in 2021.[7][8][9]Following what he described as a "factual denial of confidence" against his government, Vizcarra dissolved the Peruvian Congress on 30 September 2019 and, on the same day, issued a decree for legislative elections. The snap election for a new congress was held on 26 January 2020, with the legislature elected becoming opposition-led once again.

Removal[change | change source]

On 9 November 2020, Vizcarra was impeached and removed as President by the Congress and replaced with Manuel Merino.[10] Vizcarra's impeachment incited the 2020 Peruvian protests, as many Peruvians.[11][12][13] Vizcarra was banned from holding public office for 10 years after allegedly jumping the line to get a COVID-19 vaccine, with an 86-0 vote in congress.[14]

References[change | change source]

  1. Peru Reports. "Who is Martín Vizcarra? Meet the man in line to be Peru's new president". Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  2. Briceno, Franklin; Armario, Christine (23 March 2018). "Incoming Peru president a political novice facing tough odds". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  3. "Voto Informado". Voto Informado. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  4. "Martín Vizcarra Cornejo - Peruanos Por el Kambio - PPK". Peruanos Por el Kambio - PPK (in Spanish). 16 December 2015. Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  5. Quigley, John (21 March 2018). "Vizcarra Set to Become Peru's New President Facing Daunting Challenges". Bloomberg. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  6. Collyns, Dan (22 March 2018). "Peru president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski resigns amid corruption scandal". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  7. Taj, Mitra. "Peru president proposes referendum on political, judicial reform". Reuters. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  8. Quigley, John (10 September 2020). "Peru's Congress to Consider Impeaching President Over Tapes". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  9. "The difficulty of reforming Peru". The Economist. 30 January 2020. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  10. "Congreso de Perú destituye al presidente Martín Vizcarra por "incapacidad moral"". El Universal (in Spanish). November 9, 2020. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  11. "Peru's swears in new leader as political turmoil hits nation". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  12. "Golpe de estado editorial". La República (in Spanish). 2020-11-10. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  13. "Manuel Merino presentó al Gabinete de Antero Flores-Aráoz en medio de protestas NNAV |TVPE |VIDEO |VIDEOS |PAIS | VIDEOS". El Comercio (in Spanish). 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  14. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/4/17/perus-vizcarra-banned-from-public-office-over-vaccine-scandal