Democratic Republic of Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Democratic Republic of Georgia
საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა (Georgian)
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Dideba Zetsit Kurtheuls

Praise Be To The Heavenly Bestower of Blessings
Claimed borders of the Democratic Republic of Georgia
Capital Tbilisi
Languages Georgian (official)
Russian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Svan, Mingrelian, Laz
Religion Georgian Orthodox[source?]
Government Republic
 •  1918 Noe Ramishvili
 •  1918–1921 Noe Zhordania
Historical era Interwar period
 •  Established May 26, 1918
 •  Soviet invasion 11 February 1921
 •  Soviet annexation 25 February 1921
 •  1919 107,600 km2 (41,500 sq mi)
 •  1919 est. 2,500,000 
     Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Currency Georgian maneti
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Today part of  Armenia

The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG; Georgian: საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა, Sakartvelos Demokratiuli Respublika), 1918–1921, was the first modern establishment of a Republic of Georgia.

Georgia's capital was Tbilisi, and its state language was Georgian. Created on May 26, 1918, on the break-up of the Transcaucasian Federation, it was led by the Social Democratic Menshevik party. Facing permanent internal and external problems, the young state was not able to withstand the invasion by the Russian SFSR Red Armies. It collapsed between February and March of 1921 to become a Soviet republic.