Georgian language

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Georgian
Kartuli
ქართული
ქართული.png
Kartuli written in Georgian script
Pronunciation [kʰɑrtʰuli ɛnɑ]
Region Georgia (Including Abkhazia and South Ossetia)
Russia, United States, Israel, Ukraine, Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan
Native speakers
3.7 million (2014)[1]
Early form
Dialects
Georgian script
Georgian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Georgia
Regulated by Cabinet of Georgia
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ka
ISO 639-2 geo (B)
kat (T)
ISO 639-3 kat
Glottolog nucl1302[2]
Linguasphere 42-CAB-baa – bac
Kartvelian languages.svg
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Georgian (ქართული ენა, kartuli ena) is the official language of Georgia, a country in the Caucasus.

Georgian is the primary language of about 3.9 million people in Georgia itself (83 percent of the population), and of another 500,000 abroad (chiefly in Turkey, Iran, Russia, USA and Europe). It is the literary language for all ethnographic groups of Georgian people, especially those who speak other South Caucasian languages (or Kartvelian languages): Svans, Megrelians, and the Laz. Gruzinic, or "Kivruli", sometimes considered a separate Jewish language, is spoken by an additional 20,000 in Georgia and 65,000 elsewhere (primarily 60,000 in Israel).

References[change | change source]

  1. Georgian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nuclear Georgian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.