Turkmen language

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Turkmen
Türkmençe, Türkmen dili, Түркменче, Түркмен дили, تورکمن ﺗﻴلی, تورکمنچه
Native to Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Stavropol krai (Russia)
Native speakers ca. 4 million  (1998)[1]
Language family
Turkic
Official status
Official language in  Turkmenistan
Language codes
ISO 639-1 tk
ISO 639-2 tuk
ISO 639-3 tuk
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

Turkmen (türkmençe, türkmen dili, Cyrillic: түркменче, түркмен дили, Persian: تورکمن ﺗﻴﻠی, تورکمنچه‎) is the national language of Turkmenistan. It is spoken by about 7,000,000 people in Turkmenistan, and by an additional approximately 380,000 in northwestern Afghanistan and 500,000 in northeastern Iran.

Literature[change | change source]

The leading Turkmen poet is Magtymguly Pyragy, who wrote in the 1700's.

References[change | change source]

  1. Hendrik Boeschoten. 1998. "The Speakers of Turkic Languages," The Turkic Languages (Routledge), pp. 1–15