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Native to Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan
Native speakers 1.8[1] to over 2.2 million[2]  (date missing)
Language family
Writing system Persian alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 haz

Hazaragi is a variety of Persian, spoken by the Hazara people of Afghanistan and Pakistan. The primary differences between Standard Persian and Hazaragi are the accent and a larger borrowing of Turkic and Mongolic vocabulary.

Classification[change | change source]

Hazaragi has been classified as both a separate language and as a dialect of Persian. It is easily distinguishable from other Persian dialects or languages spoken in Afghanistan. Hazaragi contains some Mongolic and Turkic words.

Spoken area[change | change source]

Hazaragi is spoken by the Hazara people of central Afghanistan as well as by a large refugee population found in northeastern Iran and in parts of Pakistan, such as Quetta.

References[change | change source]

  1. Charles M. Kieffer, "HAZĀRA iv. Hazāragi dialect," Encyclopedia Iranica Online Edition, December 15, 2003, available at [1]
  2. Ethnologue: Hazaragi Language