Hazara people

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Hazaras
هزاره
Afghan students at Bamyan-2.jpg
Hazara school children in Bamyan, 2012
Total population
c. 7–8 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Afghanistan ~2,300,000 to ~3,000,000 (7-9%)[2]
 Pakistan 900,000. Some ~ 40,000 Afghan citizens of Hazara descent in Pakistan (2005)[3][4]
 Iran 500,000[5]
 Europe 130,000[6]
 Australia 18,000 (2014)[7]
 Canada

4,300[8]

 Indonesia

3,800[9]

Languages
Dari (Hazaragi) (eastern varieties of Persian)
Religion
Shia Islam (Twelver and Ismaili), with a Sunni minority (see Aimaq Hazara
Related ethnic groups
Aimaq people

Hazāra (Persian: هزاره) are a Persian-speaking people who mainly live in central Afghanistan and in Pakistan. They are mostly Shiite Muslims and comprise the third largest ethnic group of Afghanistan,[10][11][12] forming about 18% (according to other sources up to 25%) of the total population.[13][14] Over half a million Hazaras live in neighbouring Pakistan (mostly in Quetta) and as refugees in Iran.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. James B. Minahan (10 Feb 2014). Ethnic Groups of North, East, and Central Asia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-61069-018-8. Due to a lack of census statistics, estimates of the total Hazara population range from five million to more than eight million. 
  2. "Afghanistan – Naval Postgraduate School". my.NPS.edu. Retrieved 30 October 2017. 
  3. Census of Afghans in Pakistan 2005, UNHCR Statistical Summary Report (retrieved August 14, 2016)
  4. Yusuf, Imran (5 October 2011). "Who are the Hazara?". Tribune. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  5. Smyth, Phillip (3 June 2014). "Iran's Afghan Shiite Fighters in Syria". The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  6. Talib, Husayn (19 August 2017). "Austria holds refugee talks as young Hazaras flee persecution to make 'dangerous' journey to Europe". ABC News. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  7. Talib, Husayn (19 August 2017). "The Hazaras of Dandenong". Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  8. The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in Canada is 48,090. Hazara make up an estimated 20% of the population of Afghanistan depending to the source. The Hazara population in Canada is estimated from these two figures. Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada
  9. Afghan Hazaras' new life in Indonesia: Asylum-seeker community in West Java is large enough to easily man an eight-team Afghan football league, Al Jazeera, 21 March 2014, retrieved 5 August 2016 
  10. L. Dupree, "Afghānistān: (iv.) ethnocgraphy", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2006, (LINK).
  11. CIA World Factbook.
  12. "A survey of the Afghan people - Afghanistan in 2006", The Asia Foundation, technical assistance by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS; India) and Afghan Center for Socio-economic and Opinion Research (ACSOR), Kabul, 2006, PDF.
  13. Kamal Hyder reports (12 Nov 2011). "Hazara community finds safe haven in Peshawar". Aljazeer English. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  14. "Ethnic Groups of Afghanistan". Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan. 1997. Retrieved 2010-09-18. In 1996, approximately 40 percent of Afghans were Pashtun, 11.4 of whom are of the Durrani tribal group and 13.8 percent of the Ghilzai group. Tajiks make up the second largest ethnic group with 25.3 percent of the population, followed by Hazaras, 9-18 percent; Uzbeks, 6.3 percent; Turkmen, 2.5 percent; Qizilbash, 1.0; 6.9 percent other.