Hazara people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hazara of Daykundi province.jpg
Hazara People of Daykundi province
Total population
9 million
Regions with significant populations
Afghanistan 6,500,000[1]
Pakistan 956,000[2][3]
Iran 1,500,000[2]
Canada 36,376[4]
United Kingdom 24,330
Australia 90,000
Turkey 25,380
Dari (Hazaragi)
Related ethnic groups
Persian people, Turkic people, Mongol people

Hazāra (Persian: هزاره) are a Persian-speaking people who mainly live in central Afghanistan and in Pakistan. They are mostly Shiite Muslims and comprise the third largest ethnic group of Afghanistan,[5][6][7] forming about 18% (according to other sources up to 25%) of the total population.[8][9] Over half a million Hazaras live in neighbouring Pakistan (mostly in Quetta) and as refugees in Iran.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Afghanistan". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. December ۱۳, ۲۰۰۷. Retrieved December ۲۶, ۲۰۰۷.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gordon, Raymond G. , Jr. (ed.), ۲۰۰۵. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex. : SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/.
  3. Census of Afghans in Pakistan, UNHCR Statistical Summary Report (retrieved December 27, 2007)
  4. The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in Canada is ۴۸٬۰۹۰. Hazaras make up an estimated 9% of the population of Afghanistan according to the CIA Factbook and others. The Hazara population in Canada is estimated from these two figures. Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada
  5. L. Dupree, "Afghānistān: (iv.) ethnocgraphy", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2006, (LINK).
  6. CIA World Factbook.
  7. "A survey of the Afghan people - Afghanistan in 2006", The Asia Foundation, technical assistance by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS; India) and Afghan Center for Socio-economic and Opinion Research (ACSOR), Kabul, 2006, PDF.
  8. Kamal Hyder reports (12 Nov 2011). "Hazara community finds safe haven in Peshawar". Aljazeer English. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  9. "Ethnic Groups of Afghanistan". Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan. 1997. Retrieved 2010-09-18. In 1996, approximately 40 percent of Afghans were Pashtun, 11.4 of whom are of the Durrani tribal group and 13.8 percent of the Ghilzai group. Tajiks make up the second largest ethnic group with 25.3 percent of the population, followed by Hazaras, 9-18 percent; Uzbeks, 6.3 percent; Turkmen, 2.5 percent; Qizilbash, 1.0; 6.9 percent other.