From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Potwari, Potowari
Native toPakistan, India
RegionPothohar region, Azad Kashmir and Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir)
EthnicityPothwari people
Native speakers
several million
Language codes
ISO 639-3phr (includes other dialects)
Glottologpaha1251  Pahari Potwari
mirp1238  Mirpur Panjabi

Pahari-Pothwari or Panjistani is an Indo-Aryan language of Pakistan and India. It has many names, such as Pahari, Pothwari, Pothohari, Mirpuri. It is closely related to Punjabi, and some people believe it is a dialect of Punjabi but in 2022 it was given a separate Language status.

Places[change | change source]

Within Pakistan, it is spoken in the Pothohar Plateau and Azad Kashmir and overlaps between these two regions. It is influenced by Sanskrit owing to the numerals which are ik do tre in Pothwari as opposed to ik do tin in Punjabi or ek do teen in Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu).[1]:838 [2]:46

References[change | change source]

  1. Rahman, Tariq. 1997. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 1997 Sep., 37(9):833-839.
  2. Javaid, Umbreen. 2004. Saraiki political movement: its impact in south Punjab. Journal of Research (Humanities), 40(2): 55–65. Lahore: Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of the Punjab. (This PDF contains multiple articles from the same issue.)