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Potwari, Potowari
Native toPakistan, India
RegionPothohar region, Azad Kashmir and Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir)
EthnicityPotohari people (Punjabi people)
Western Panjabi
Language codes
ISO 639-3phr (includes other dialects)
Glottologpaha1251  Pahari Potwari
mirp1238  Mirpur Panjabi

Pahari-Pothwari is a Western Panjabi (Lahnda) variety of language, spoken in Pothohar Plateau in Pakistan and India.[1] It is known by different names, such as Pahari, Pothwari, Pothohari, Mirpuri.

Sometimes these Northern Punjabic dialects along with Hindko dialect of Punjabi are submerged under the overall term Panjistani. It is a dialect of Western Punjabi.[2]

In Kashmir, speakers of Pahari-Pothwari are known as Pahari people.

Places[change | change source]

Within Pakistan, it is spoken in the Pothohar Plateau and Azad Kashmir and overlaps between these two regions. It is influenced by Sanskrit owing to the numerals which are ik do tre in Pothwari as opposed to ik do tin in Punjabi or ek do teen in Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu).[3]:838 [4]:46

Numbers[change | change source]

  1. ik
  2. do
  3. tre
  4. čar
  5. panj
  6. čae
  7. sat
  8. att
  9. nou
  10. das

References[change | change source]

  1. Shackle, C. (November 1979). "Problems of Classification in Pakistan Panjab". Transactions of the Philological Society. 77 (1): 191–210. doi:10.1111/j.1467-968X.1979.tb00857.x. ISSN 0079-1636.
  2. "Punjabi University, Patiala". Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
  3. Rahman, Tariq. 1997. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 1997 Sep., 37(9):833-839.
  4. Javaid, Umbreen. 2004. Saraiki political movement: its impact in south Punjab. Journal of Research (Humanities), 40(2): 55–65. Lahore: Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of the Punjab. (This PDF contains multiple articles from the same issue.)