2008 South Ossetia war

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2008 South Ossetia war
Part of Georgian–Ossetian conflict
and Georgian–Abkhazian conflict
Location of Georgia (including Abkhazia and South Ossetia) and the Russian part of North Caucasus
Location of Georgia (including Abkhazia and South Ossetia) and the Russian part of North Caucasus
Date 7 August 2008 – 16 August 2008[1]
Location South Ossetia, uncontested Georgia, Abkhazia
Result
Territorial
changes
Georgia loses control over parts of Abkhazia (25%) and former South Ossetia AO (40%) it previously held.
Participants
Georgia (country) Georgia Russia Russia
South Ossetia South Ossetia
Abkhazia Abkhazia
Commanders and leaders
Georgia (country) Mikheil Saakashvili (commander-in-chief)[8]
Georgia (country) Lado Gurgenidze (Prime minister)
Georgia (country) Davit Kezerashvili (Defence Minister)[8]
Georgia (country) Alexandre Lomaia (National Security Council)
Georgia (country) Zaza Gogava (Chief of Joint Staff)
Georgia (country) David Nairashvili (Air Force commander)
Georgia (country) Mamuka Kurashvili (Peacekeepers)[9]
Georgia (country) Vano Merabishvili (Minister of Internal Affairs)
Russia Dmitry Medvedev (commander-in-chief)
Russia Anatoliy Serdyukov (Defence Minister)
Russia Vladimir Boldyrev
(Ground Forces)
Russia Anatoly Khrulyov (58th Army) (WIA)[10]

Russia Vyacheslav Borisov (76th Airborne)[11]
Russia Marat Kulakhmetov (Peacekeepers)[12][13]
Russia Sulim Yamadayev (Vostok Battalion)
Russia Vladimir Shamanov (in Abkhazia)
South Ossetia Eduard Kokoity (commander-in-chief)
South Ossetia Vasiliy Lunev (Ministry of Defence)[14]
South Ossetia Anatoly Barankevich (Ministry of Defence and Emergencies)
Abkhazia Sergei Bagapsh (commander-in-chief)
Abkhazia Anatoly Zaitsev (Ministry of Defence)[15]

Strength
Georgia (country) In South Ossetia: 10,000–12,000 soldiers. Total: 18,000 soldiers, 10,000 reservists.[16]

2,000 soldiers in Iraq at that time,[17] returned short for the end of the conflict
810 Special Police Forces officers.[18]

Russia In South Ossetia:
10,000 soldiers.
In Abkhazia:
9,000 soldiers.[19][20][21]
South Ossetia 2,900 regular soldiers.[22]
Abkhazia 5,000 regular soldiers.[23]
Casualties and losses
Georgia (country) Georgia:

Military[24][25]
162 killed, 947 wounded, 8 missing, 42 captured[26][27]
Police[25]
11 killed, 3 missing, 227 wounded

Russia Russia:

64 killed, 283 wounded, 3 missing, 12 captured[28][29]
South Ossetia South Ossetia:
150 killed[20] (including volunteers), unknown number of wounded, 41 captured[26]
Abkhazia Abkhazia:
1 killed, 2 wounded[30]

Civilian casualties:

South Ossetia: 162 according to Russia, 365 civilians and military according to South Ossetia[31][32][33]
Georgia: 224 civilians killed and 15 missing[25]
One foreign civilian killed and 3 wounded[34]


Refugees:
At least 158,000 civilians displaced[35] (including 30,000 South Ossetians that moved to North Ossetia, Russia; and 56,000 Georgians from Gori, Georgia and 15,000 Georgians from South Ossetia per UNHCR that moved to uncontested Georgia).[36][37] Estimate by Georgian Coordinator for Humanitarian Affairs: at least 230,000.[38][39][40]

The 2008 South Ossetia war is a military conflict that started on 8 August 2008, between Georgia, South Ossetian (and Abkhazian) secessionists and Russia.

South Ossetia and Abkhazia are territories within Georgia that declared independence from Georgia and have been acting in a de facto independent capacity since the early 1990s. Neither state has been diplomatically recognised by any member of the United Nations. The conflict began on August 8, 2008, after Georgia claimed South Ossetian separatists had broken a ceasefire by attacking villages, although South Ossetian officials deny that they attacked villages. Georgia launched a military offensive to surround and capture the capital of South Ossetia, Tskhinvali.[41]

Russian military troops entered the war at the side of South Ossetia and won the conflict. Georgia launched the Georgia versus Russia (Hague court application, 2008) in the International Court of Justice.[42]

References[change | change source]

  1. President of Russia Dimitry Medvedev signed a plan to resolve the Georgian–South Ossetian conflict, based on the six principles previously agreed on, kremlin.ru. Accessed 2009-08-16. Archived 2009-08-21.
  2. "Statement by President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev". Russia's President web site. 2008-08-26. http://kremlin.ru/eng/speeches/2008/08/26/1543_type82912_205752.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  3. "El Presidente de la República Nicaragua Decreto No. 47-2008" (PDF). http://www.cancilleria.gob.ni/publicaciones/r_abjasia.pdf. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  4. Tavernise, Sabrina; Siegel, Matt (2008-08-16). "Looting and 'ethnic cleansing' in South Ossetia as soldiers look on". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. Archived from the original on 2009-08-16. http://www.theage.com.au/world/looting-and-ethnic-cleansing-in-south-ossetia-as-soldiers-look-on-20080815-3wf7.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  5. Hider, James (2008-08-28). "Russian-backed paramilitaries 'ethnically cleansing villages'". London: Times Online. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/europe/article4621592.ece. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  6. "World Report 2009 Book" (PDF). Archived from the original on 8 June 2010. https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/wr2009_web.pdf. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  7. 00:49. "RIA Novosti — World — S. Ossetia says Georgian refugees unable to return to region". En.rian.ru. http://en.rian.ru/world/20080815/116056096.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  8. 8.0 8.1 View all comments that have been posted about this article. (2008-08-16). "A Two-Sided Descent Into Full-Scale War". Washingtonpost.com. https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/16/AR2008081600502_pf.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  9. "Senior MoD Official Testifies Before War Commission". Civil.Ge. 2001-07-01. http://www.civil.ge/eng/article.php?id=19846. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  10. Solovyov, Dmitry (2008-08-09). "Russian general wounded in Georgia's rebel region". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/europeCrisis/idUSL9494498. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
  11. Bahrampour, Tara (2008-08-14). "A Convoy Heads for Gori to Investigate Rumors of Plunder". The Washington Post: p. A10. Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/13/AR2008081303759.html. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
  12. (Russian) Кулахметов, Марат. Lenta.ru Lentapedia, 2006.
  13. (Russian) Генерал-майор Кулахметов Марат Минюрович. Министерство обороны Российской Федерации, 2007.
  14. "Войсками Южной Осетии командует бывший пермский военком генерал-майор Василий Лунев / 11.08.08 / Новый Регион – Пермь". NR2.Ru. 2009-04-07. http://www.nr2.ru/perm/190456.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  15. "Гюижеб, Юмюрнкхи". Lenta.ru. http://www.lenta.ru/lib/14162137/. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  16. Liklikadze, Koba. "Lessons And Losses Of Georgia’S Five-Day War With Russia - The Jamestown Foundation". Jamestown.org. http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=33974. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  17. "Full scale war: Georgia fighting continues over South Ossetia - Nachrichten English-News - Welt Online" (in (German)). Welt.de. 2008-08-09. https://www.welt.de/english-news/article2288797/Georgia-fighting-continues-over-South-Ossetia.html. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  18. Georgiaupdate.gov.ge
  19. "The Chronicle of a Caucasian Tragedy". Spiegel.de. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,574812-2,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Barabanov, Mikhail (2008-09-12). "The August War between Russia and Georgia". Moscow Defense Brief (Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies) 3 (13). https://www.webcitation.org/5fm4fGQ5j. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
  21. Russia's rapid reaction International Institute for Strategic Studies
  22. Krasnogir, Sergey (8 August 2008). "Расстановка сил" (in Russian). Lenta.Ru. Archived from the original on 9 August 2008. http://lenta.ru/articles/2008/08/08/forces/. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
  23. "Милитаризм по-кавказски", Nezavisimaya Gazeta
  24. List of killed and missing Georgian Military Servicemen, Ministry of Defence of Georgia, 14 February 2009
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 http://www.mfa.gov.ge/index.php?lang_id=ENG&sec_id=597
  26. 26.0 26.1 http://www.civil.ge/eng/article.php?id=19384
  27. "12 Georgian soldiers exchanged for convicted criminal". The Messenger. 2007-09-28. http://www.messenger.com.ge/issues/1679_august_29_2008/1679_exchange.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  28. "Russia lost 64 troops in Georgia war, 283 wounded". Uk.reuters.com. 2009-02-21. http://uk.reuters.com/article/gc07/idUKTRE51K1B820090221. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  29. "Georgia holds 12 Russian servicemen captive - RT Top Stories". Rt.com. 2008-08-18. http://www.rt.com/Top_News/2008-08-18/Georgia_holds_12_Russian_servicemen_captive.html. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  30. (Spanish) Rusia interviene en el Cáucaso para quedarse y controlar su espacio vital, El Pais, 2008-08-17
  31. Conclusion of the Investigating Committee of the Russian Prosecutor's Office, 3 July 2009
  32. "Deceased victims list". Ossetia-war.com. Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. http://www.ossetia-war.com/dvlist. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  33. List of killed South Ossetian citizens as of 04.09.08, Список погибших граждан Южной Осетии на 04.09.08, 4 September 2008 (Russian); Russia scales down Georgia toll, BBC News, 20 August 2008; Russia says some 18,000 refugees return to S. Ossetia, RIA Novosti 21 August 2008. Accessed 2009-05-28. Archived 2009-05-28.
  34. "Saakashvili: Russian 'rampage'". YouTube. 2008-08-13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMjjDleDZNg. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  35. "Russia trains its missiles on Tbilisi". The Australian. 2008-08-19. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,24203940-2703,00.html.
  36. UNHCR secures safe passage for Georgians fearing further fighting, UNHCR, 15 August 2008
  37. (Polish) 100 tys. przemieszczonych z powodu konfliktu w Gruzji, Polska Agencja Prasowa, 12.08.2008
  38. Fawkes, Helen (2008-08-20). "Despair among Georgia's displaced". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7572736.stm.
  39. "Human Rights Watch Counts South Ossetian Casualties, Displaced". Deutsche Welle. 11 August 2008. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,3554530,00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-11.
  40. Roots of Georgia-Russia clash run deep, The Christian Science Monitor, 12 August 2008
  41. "The goals behind Moscow's Proxy Offensive in South Ossetia". http://jamestown.org/edm/article.php?article_id=2373298.
  42. Georgia versus Russia: Hague court application, 2008. [1]

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