2019–20 coronavirus pandemic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
Coronavirus patients at the Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran -- بخش ویژه بیماران کرونا در بیمارستان امام خمینی تهران -- March 1, 2020.jpg
2020 coronavirus task force.jpg蔡總統視導33化學兵群 02.jpg
Emergenza coronavirus (49501382461).jpgDried pasta shelves empty in an Australian supermarket.jpg
(clockwise from top)
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map.svg
Map of the pandemic

     10,000+ confirmed cases      1,000–9,999 confirmed cases      100–999 confirmed cases      10–99 confirmed cases

     1–9 confirmed cases
Active Cases per-capita of COVID-19 16 March 2020.png
Map of the pandemic by cases per-capita as of 16 March 2020

     > 1 case per 1,000 inhabitants      > 2 cases per 2,000 inhabitants      > 1 case per 10,000 inhabitants      > 1 case per 100,000 inhabitants      > 1 cases per million inhabitants

     > 1 cases per 10 million inhabitants
DiseaseCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Virus strainSevere acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2
(SARS-CoV-2)
LocationWorldwide (List of locations)
First case1 December 2019
OriginWuhan, Hubei, China
30°35′14″N 114°17′17″E / 30.58722°N 114.28806°E / 30.58722; 114.28806
Confirmed cases862,000+
Recovered178,000+
Deaths
42,000+
Territories
200+

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019[1] (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).[2] The outbreak was first found in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019, and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020.[3][4][5][6][7] The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses named the virus "severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2" (SARS-CoV-2). As of 24 March, more than 392,000 cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 190 countries and territories, resulting in more than 17,100 deaths and more than 102,000 recoveries.[8][9]

The virus is usually spread from one person to another via lung related small drops produced during coughing[10][11] or sneezing.[12] It mostly spreads when people are close to each other but can also spread when people touch a contaminated surface and then their face.[11][12] Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath.[13] Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome.[14] There is currently no vaccine or specific antiviral medicine for COVID-19.[15] Right now, doctors usually give patients supportive therapy.[16] Ways people can avoid spreading the virus include hand washing, covering the mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who think they are infected.[15]

The disease has since evolved into a pandemic. According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention as of 10 March 2020 08:00, 114,243 cases of COVID-19 have been reported[source?], and 4,023 deaths have been reported from China (3,139), Iran (237), South Korea (54), Italy (464), Japan (9), Australia (3), , Iraq (6), Netherlands (3), Germany (2), United States (38), France (30),Thailand (1), Spain (28), Switzerland (2), Taiwan (1), the Philippines (1), San Marino (1), United Kingdom (5), Argentina (1), Poland (5) and cruise ships (7).[17]

The outbreak may have came from a coronovirus that usually lives in bats that infected pangolins and then changed inside the pangolins until it could infect humans.[18][19]

Symptoms[change | change source]

Data[change | change source]

Name[change | change source]

In February 2020, the WHO announced they had chosen a name for the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2: COVID-19, replacing the temporary name "2019-nCoV."[21] "Covi" is for "coronavirus," "D" for "disease," and "19" for the year 2019. They said they did not want the name to have any person, place, or animal in it, like "Wuhan," because then people might blame the disease on that place, person, or animal. They also wanted the name to be easy to say out loud.[22]

Mortality rate of COVID-19[change | change source]

The current death rate of COVID-19

According to an article in Market Watch dated on February 27, 2020, the overall case mortality rate in China was 2.3%. However, there were large differences between different age groups and between men and women. People over the age of seventy experienced a rate of mortality 4-5 times that of the average. Men were more likely to die than women (2.8% versus 1.7% for women). These numbers were the conclusion of a study by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention using 72,314 COVID-19 cases in mainland China as of Feb. 11. At that point this was the largest sample of cases for such a study.[23]

On March 5, 2020, the WHO released the case fatality rate.[24]

Conspiracy theories[change | change source]

In early 2020, some people began to think that the SARS-CoV-2 may have been made on purpose in a laboratory and released in Wuhan like a weapon. When the leader of Iran, Ayatollah Khamenei, said that he did not want the United States to help his country against coronavirus, he named the idea that Americans had made the virus on purpose to harm Iranains as one of his reasons: "I do not know how real this accusation is but when it exists, who in their right mind would trust you to bring them medication?" said Khamenei.[25]

On March 17, 2020, scientists from Columbia University and other places published a paper in Nature Medicine showing that SARS-CoV-2 was almost surely not made by humans in a laboratory. They did this by comparing the genomes of different viruses to each other.[19] The scientists saw that SARS-CoV-2 did not match any of the viral backbones that already exist for virologists to use.[26]

Global data[change | change source]

Location[a] Cases[b] Deaths Recov.[c] Ref.
151 198,888 7,960 82,759
China (mainland)[d] 80,894 3,237 69,614 [27]
Italy 31,506 2,503 2,941 [27][28]
Iran 16,169 988 5,389 [27]
Spain 11,826 533 1,028 [29]
Germany 9,360 26 71 [30]
South Korea 8,413 84 1,540 [31]
France[e] 7,730 175 602 [32]
United States[f] 6,524 116 106 [27][33]
Switzerland[g] 2,742 21 15 [27][34]
United Kingdom[h] 1,950 60 65 [35]
Netherlands[i][j] 1,705 43 [27][37]
Norway[k] 1,471 4 1 [38][27]
Austria 1,471 3 9 [27][39]
Belgium 1,243 10 14 [27]
Sweden[l] 1,196 7 1 [27][40]
Denmark[m] 1,092 4 [41][42]
Japan 882 29 144 [27][43]
Cruise ship side view.svg Diamond Princess[n] 712 7 508 [43]
Malaysia 673 2 49 [44]
Canada 598 8 10 [45]
Australia 560 6 43 [27]
Czech Republic 464 0 3 [46][27]
Portugal 448 1 3 [27][47]
Qatar 442 0 4 [27][48]
Israel 427 0 11 [27][49]
Greece 387 5 14 [50][27]
Brazil 349 1 2 [27][51]
Finland 319 0 10 [52][53]
Ireland 292 2 5 [54][27]
Slovenia 275 1 0 [55]
Singapore 266 0 114 [56][57]
Iceland 247 0 5 [58]
Pakistan 247 1 2 [27]
Romania 246 0 19 [59]
Poland 246 5 1 [60]
Bahrain 242 1 88 [61]
Estonia 225 0 1 [62]
Thailand 212 1 42 [27][63]
Chile 201 0 0 [64]
Egypt[o] 196 6 32 [27]
Philippines 193 14 4 [27][65]
Indonesia 1046 87 46 [66][67]
Hong Kong 167 4 92 [68]
Iraq 154 11 41 [27][69]
India 147 3 14 [70]
Luxembourg 140 1 0 [71]
Saudi Arabia 133 0 6 [27][72]
Kuwait 130 0 12 [27][73]
Lebanon 125 4 4 [27][74]
Peru 117 0 1 [75]
South Africa 116 0 0 [76]
San Marino 115 9 4 [77]
Russia[p] 114 0 5 [78]
United Arab Emirates 113 0 26 [79][80]
Ecuador 111 2 0 [27]
Turkey 98 1 0 [81]
Slovakia 97 0 0 [82][27]
Mexico 93 0 4 [27][83]
Panama 86 1 0 [84]
Armenia 84 0 1 [27]
Bulgaria 81 2 0 [85]
Croatia 81 0 5 [27][86]
Argentina 79 2 3 [27][87]
Taiwan 77 1 22 [88][89]
Colombia 75 0 1 [27][90]
Serbia 72 0 1 [91]
Vietnam 68 0 16 [27]
Algeria 61 5 10 [27]
Latvia 60 0 1 [27][92]
Hungary 58 1 2 [27]
Brunei 56 0 0 [93]
Albania 55 1 0 [27]
Costa Rica 50 0 0 [94][95]
Uruguay 50 0 0 [27]
Cyprus[q] 49 0 0 [27]
Jordan 48 0 1 [27][96]
Sri Lanka 45 0 1 [27]
Morocco 44 2 1 [27]
Palestine 44 0 0 [27]
Andorra 39 0 1 [27][97]
Georgia 38 0 1 [98][99]
Malta 38 0 2 [100]
Belarus 51 0 5 [101][102]
Kazakhstan 35 0 0 [27]
Azerbaijan 34 1 10 [27][103]
Bosnia and Herzegovina 34 0 2 [104][27]
Cambodia 33 0 1 [105]
Venezuela 33 0 0 [106]
Oman 33 0 12 [107]
North Macedonia 31 0 1 [27][108]
Moldova 29 0 1 [109]
Senegal 27 0 2 [27]
Tunisia 27 0 0 [27][110]
Lithuania 26 0 1 [27]
Afghanistan 22 0 1 [111][112]
Dominican Republic 21 1 0 [27]
New Zealand 20 0 0 [27]
Liechtenstein 19 0 0 [27]
Burkina Faso 15 0 0 [27][113]
Ukraine 14 2 0 [114]
Jamaica 13 0 2 [115]
Macau 13 0 10 [27][116]
Maldives 13 0 0 [27]
Kosovo 13 0 0 [117]
Uzbekistan 13 0 0 [27]
Bolivia 12 0 0 [27]
Paraguay 11 0 0 [118]
Cameroon 10 0 0 [27]
Monaco 9 0 0 [119]
Bangladesh 8 0 3 [27][120]
Guatemala 8 1 0 [27]
Rwanda 8 0 0 [27]
Guyana 7 1 0 [27]
Northern Cyprus 7 0 0 [121]
Trinidad and Tobago 7 0 0 [27][122]
Ethiopia 6 0 0 [27]
Ghana 6 0 0 [27]
Honduras 6 0 0 [27][123]
Mongolia 6 0 0 [27]
Cuba 5 0 0 [27]
Ivory Coast 4 0 0 [124]
Kenya 4 0 0 [27]
Seychelles 4 0 0 [125]
DR Congo 3 0 0 [27]
Kyrgyzstan 3 0 0 [27]
Nigeria 3 0 1 [27][126]
Barbados 2 0 0 [27][127]
Liberia 2 0 0 [27]
Montenegro 2 0 0 [27][128]
Namibia 2 0 0 [27]
Saint Lucia 2 0 0 [27]
Sudan 1 1 0 [27]
Antigua and Barbuda 1 0 0 [27]
Benin 1 0 0 [27]
Bhutan 1 0 0 [27]
Bahamas 1 0 0 [27][129]
Central African Republic 1 0 0 [130]
Republic of the Congo 1 0 0 [131]
Equatorial Guinea 1 0 0 [27][132]
Eswatini 1 0 0 [133]
Gabon 1 0 0 [134]
Gambia 1 0 0 [27][135]
Guinea 1 0 0 [27]
Mauritania 1 0 0 [136]
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1 0 0 [27]
Somalia 1 0 0 [27]
Suriname 1 0 0 [137]
Tanzania 1 0 0 [27]
Togo 1 0 0 [27]
Vatican City 1 0 0 [27]
Nepal 1 0 1 [27]
As of 1 April 2020 (UTC) · History of cases: China, international
Notes
  1. Countries and territories where cases were diagnosed. Nationality and location of original infection may vary. In some countries, the cases cover several territories and dependencies, as noted accordingly.
  2. Reported confirmed cases. Actual case numbers are probably higher, but impossible to ascertain.
  3. "–" denotes that no data is currently available for that territory, not that the value is zero.
  4. Includes clinically diagnosed cases and deaths from 12 February 2020 and onwards in the province of Hubei.
  5. Includes all cases overseas in regions of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion, and in collectivities of French Polynesia, Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
  6. Includes all dependencies cases in Guam, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, in addition to cases identified on the Grand Princess.
  7. While there are more positive cases in Switzerland, the figure reported here is only the number of confirmed cases.
  8. Includes all cases in the British Overseas Territories of Gibraltar and the Cayman Islands and the Crown dependencies of Jersey and Guernsey.
  9. Includes the counted cases in all four of the constituent countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, namely (the country of) the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
  10. The Dutch Government (responsible agency RIVM) does not count its number of recoveries.[36]
  11. From 13 March, testing of the normal population was discontinued, and is now only reserved for health professionals and acute ill people in vulnerable groups. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health states there are more infected people in Norway than the figures show. The dark numbers are presumed to be higher because of limited testing.[38]
  12. Testing of suspected infections has been semi-suspended in certain regions as of 12 March 2020, in order to focus efforts on people with increased risk of serious illness and complications.
  13. Includes all cases in constituent countries of the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
  14. The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is neither included in the Japanese government's official count nor in United Kingdom's one. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  15. Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  16. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance".
  17. Excluding Northern Cyprus.

Graphs[change | change source]

Timelines of COVID-19 [change | change source]

On December 31, 2019, China alerted WHO to several cases of unusual pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei province. [140]

On January 20, 2020, Chinese premier Li Keqiang called for efforts to stop and control the pneumonia epidemic caused by a novel coronavirus.[141] As of February 5, 2020, 24,588 cases have been confirmed,[142][143] including in every province-level division of China.[142] A larger number of people may have been infected, but not detected (especially mild cases).[144][145] The first local transmission of the virus outside China occurred in Vietnam between family members,[146] while the first local transmission not involving family occurred in Germany, on January 22, when a German man contracted the disease from a Chinese business visitor at a meeting.[147] As of 5 February 2020, 493 deaths have been attributed to the virus since the first confirmed death on January 9, with 990 recoveries.[148][142] The first death outside China was reported in the Philippines, in a 44-year-old Chinese male on February 1.[149], but another source reported: "The first cases of COVID-19 outside of China were identified on January 13 in Thailand and on January 16 in Japan".[150]

There has been testing which have showed over 6000 confirmed cases in China,[151] some of whom are healthcare workers.[152][153]

Confirmed cases have also been reported in Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Macau, Hong Kong, the United States (Everett, Washington and Chicago),[153] Singapore,[154] Vietnam,[155] France[156] and Nepal.[157]

The World Health Organization declared that this is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern since January 30, 2020.

Bloomberg News and other business publications have reported several plant closures, travel restrictions, and imposed quarantines as a result of this outbreak.[158]

As of February 10, 2020 there have been 40,235 confirmed cases reported of people infected by the virus in China. Also reported were 909 deaths, and 319 cases in 24 other countries, including one death, according to WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.[159]

China[change | change source]

  • According to wikinews the first cases of COVID-19 were detected in Wuhan, Hubei, Mainland China in December of 2019. At the time Covid was referred to as new coronavirus[160]
  • On January 20, 2020, Wikinews reported that Chinese officials confirmed COVID infected over 200 people[160]
  • On Feb. 4, 2020, the Seattle Times reported that Around 2020 Chinese new year authorities closed down travel from China to Macau. As a result visits fell eighty percent.[161]
  • Feb 6, 2020, the COVID-19 whistleblower, Li Wenliang, dies of the disease.
  • On February 6, 2020, according to wikinews, a man from the United States who tested positive for the virus died[162]
  • On February  25, 2020 Asian Scientist Magazine reported  Chinese Scientists Sequence Genome Of COVID-19 [163]
  • According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention China had the largest number of confirmed cases  and deaths on March 1, 2020 [164]
  • On March 3, 2020 Science Magazine reported:
    • China built two new hospitals in one week just for patients of COVID-19
    • The article praised the way China has handled this crisis, but said "draconian" measures were used to achieve success.[165]
  • On March 6, 2020, CNN reported that a hotel used as a COVID-19 quarantine center collapsed. Seventy people were trapped in a collapsed Quanzhou hotel.[166]
  • Cases going down[source?]
  • Economy affected many factories shut down[source?]

United States[change | change source]

Economic effects of COVID-19 in the United States[change | change source]

Italy[change | change source]

  • On February 27, 2020, according to the EU Observer, a dozen towns in the northern regions of Lombardy and Veneto were under lockdown, with around 50,000 citizens not allowed to leave, and over 200 reported cases of COVID n Italy.[174]
  • On March 4, 2020, according to the Guardian,the Italian government has ordered the closure of all of Italy's schools and universities until 15 March, 2020[175]
  • On March 5, 2020 the Guardian reported: "Italian educational institutions close as Covid-19 deaths pass 100"[176]
  • On March 8,2020, Al Jazeeera reported that after a daily increase of 1,247 cases, Lombardy together with ten other areas were sealed off in an effort to quarantine 16 million people[177] Milan and Venice are in the quarantined area. [178]
  • March 10, 2020, Italy under quarantine. [179][180]

Iran[change | change source]

  • On 28 February 2020 the BBC reported COVID-19 deaths in Iran were at least 210[181]
  • March 3, 2020 wikinews reported:
    • A total number of COVID-19 cases of 1501 and number of deaths 66
    • Multiple Iranian government officials including deputy health minister Iraj Harirchi and vice president of women and family affairs Masoumeh Ebtekar had contracted COVID-19.[182]

Canada[change | change source]

South Africa[change | change source]

CoViD-19 outbreak cases in South Africa.png

Cruise ships[change | change source]

  • 17 February 2020 the BBC reported: "Coronavirus: Japan cruise ship's US passengers home for further quarantine"[185]
  • Nineteen crew members of the cruise ship off the coast of California tested positive [186]
  • Another Crew Member Suspected of Contracting Coronavirus[187]

List of terminology associated with COVID-19[change | change source]

  • SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19
  • 2019-nCoV, is the old name forSARS-CoV-2
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 is another name for COVID-19
  • community spread, is the spread of the disease without a known travel connection
  • Cluster
  • lockdown
  • presumptive confirmed positive
  • quarantine
  • sealed off

List of deaths[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Home". News Blog. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
  2. "Coronavirus disease 2019". World Health Organization. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. "WHO Director-General's opening 7remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19—11 March 2020". World Health Organization. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  4. Hui, David S.; Azhar, Esam EI; Madani, Tariq A.; Ntoumi, Francine; Kock, Richard; Dar, Osman; Ippolito, Giuseppe; Mchugh, Timothy D.; Memish, Ziad A.; Drosten, Christian; Zumla, Alimuddin (14 January 2020). "The continuing epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health – the latest novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China". International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 91: 264–266. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.009. ISSN 1201-9712.
  5. "Undiagnosed pneumonia - China (HU) (01): wildlife sales, market closed, RFI Archive Number: 20200102.6866757". Pro-MED-mail. International Society for Infectious Diseases. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  6. Cohen, Jon; Normile, Dennis (17 January 2020). "New SARS-like virus in China triggers alarm". Science. 367 (6475): 234–235. doi:10.1126/science.367.6475.234. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 31949058. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  7. Parry, Jane (20 January 2020). "China coronavirus: cases surge as official admits human to human transmission". British Medical Journal. 368. doi:10.1136/bmj.m236. ISSN 1756-1833.
  8. "Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases". Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  9. "Coronavirus Update (Live): 307,627 Cases and 13,050 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak—Worldometer". www.worldometers.info.
  10. "Q & A on COVID-19". European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Q&A on coronaviruses". World Health Organization. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)—Transmission". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  13. "Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)". US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  14. "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Q&A on coronaviruses". World Health Organization. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  16. "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  17. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/geographical-distribution-2019-ncov-cases
  18. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/05/opinion/coronavirus-china-pangolins.html
  19. 19.0 19.1 *University of Sydney (March 26, 2020). "Unlocking the Genetic Code of the Novel Coronavirus: How COVID-19 Made the Leap From Animals to Humans". SciTech Daily. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  20. Julia Naftulin, Business Insider (26 January 2020). "Wuhan Coronavirus Can Be Infectious Before People Show Symptoms, Official Claims". sciencealert.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  21. Brett Dahlberg and Elena Renken (February 11, 2020). "New Coronavirus Disease Officially Named COVID-19 By The World Health Organization". NPR. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  22. Sanya Mansoor (February 11, 2020). "What's in a Name? Why WHO's Formal Name for the New Coronavirus Disease Matters". Time. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  23. https://www.marketwatch.com/story/coronavirus-fatality-rates-vary-wildly-depending-on-age-gender-and-medical-history-some-patients-fare-much-worse-than-others-2020-02-26
  24. https://www.vox.com/2020/3/5/21165973/coronavirus-death-rate-explained
  25. Jon Gambrell (March 22, 2020). "Iran leader refuses US help, citing virus conspiracy theory". Associated Press.
  26. Kristian G. Anderson; Andrew Rambaut; W. Ian Lipkin; Edward C. Holmes; Robert F. Garry (March 17, 2020). "The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2". Nature Medicine. doi:10.1038/s41591-020-0820-9. Retrieved March 29, 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  27. 27.00 27.01 27.02 27.03 27.04 27.05 27.06 27.07 27.08 27.09 27.10 27.11 27.12 27.13 27.14 27.15 27.16 27.17 27.18 27.19 27.20 27.21 27.22 27.23 27.24 27.25 27.26 27.27 27.28 27.29 27.30 27.31 27.32 27.33 27.34 27.35 27.36 27.37 27.38 27.39 27.40 27.41 27.42 27.43 27.44 27.45 27.46 27.47 27.48 27.49 27.50 27.51 27.52 27.53 27.54 27.55 27.56 27.57 27.58 27.59 27.60 27.61 27.62 27.63 27.64 27.65 27.66 27.67 27.68 27.69 27.70 27.71 27.72 27.73 27.74 27.75 27.76 27.77 27.78 27.79 27.80 27.81 27.82 27.83 27.84 27.85 27.86 27.87 27.88 27.89 27.90 27.91 27.92 27.93 27.94 "Coronavirus Update (Live) - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info.
  28. Dipartimento della Protezione Civile. "COVID-19 Italia - Monitoraggio della situazione". opendatadpc.maps.arcgis.com.
  29. "Coronavirus | El mapa del coronavirus en España: más de 11.300 casos, casi la mitad en la Comunidad de Madrid". RTVE (in Spanish).
  30. "Coronavirus: Interaktive Karte zeigt aktuelle Zahl der Infektionen in Deutschland, Europa und weltweit". Berliner Morgenpost (in German). Retrieved 2020-03-13.
  31. KCDC. "Press release". www.cdc.go.kr (in Korean).
  32. "Infection au nouveau Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), COVID-19, France et Monde". Santé publique France (in French).
  33. Johns Hopkins CSSE. "Coronavirus COVID19 (2019-nCoV)" (ArcGIS). Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  34. "Current situation in Switzerland". Federal Office of Public Health.
  35. "Total UK cases COVID-19 Cases Update". Public Health England.
  36. "Coronavirus in the Netherlands: the questions you want answered". Dutch News. 2020-03-12.
  37. "Actuele informatie over het nieuwe coronavirus (COVID-19)" (in Dutch). RIVM. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
  38. 38.0 38.1 Nilsen, Av Sondre; Skjetne, Oda Leraan; Sfrintzeris, Yasmin; Røset, Hanna Haug; Hunshamar, Carina; Fraser, Sofie; Løkkevik, Ole; breaking-avdeling, og VGs. "Corona-viruset: Slik spres Corona i Norge og verden. Kart og statistikk". VG Nett.
  39. "Neuartiges Coronavirus (2019-nCov)". www.sozialministerium.at (in German).
  40. "The spread of the new coronavirus — Currently in Sweden". SVT Datajournalistik. Sveriges Television (Swedish Television). Retrieved 2020-03-13.
  41. "Coronavirus, COVID-19". Status på COVID-19 (in Danish). Sundhedsstyrelsen. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  42. "Følg smittespredningen af ny coronavirus". Nunatsinni Nakorsaaneqarfik (in Danish). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  43. 43.0 43.1 "新型コロナウイルス感染症について" [About Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)] (in Japanese). Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  44. "Covid-19 (Maklumat Terkini)". Ministry of Health (Malaysia).
  45. "COVID-19/Coronavirus Real Time Updates With Credible Sources in US and Canada | 1Point3Acres". coronavirus.1point3acres.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  46. "COVID-19 | Onemocnění aktuálně od MZČR". Onemocneni-aktualne.mzcr.cz. 2020. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  47. "Covid-19 Situation Report". Portugal: Ministry of Health.
  48. "Covid-19". Ministry of Public Health (Qatar).
  49. "427 Israelis with coronavirus, cannot leave homes unless 'necessary'". Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  50. https://www.in.gr/2020/03/17/greece/koronaios-enimerosi-gia-tis-teleytaies-ekselikseis-tis-pandimias/
  51. "Notificação de casos de doença pelo coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19)". Ministry of Health (Brazil).
  52. "Coronavirus COVID-19 – Latest Updates". Finish Institute of Health and Welfare.
  53. "Suomen koronavirus-tartuntatilanne". korona.kans.io.
  54. "Latest updates on COVID-19 (Coronavirus)". Department of Health (Ireland).
  55. "Do 14. ure 273 pozitivnih testov na novi koronavirus". RTVSLO.si (in Slovenian).
  56. "Updates on Covid-19 local situation". Ministry of Health (Singapore).
  57. "23 new coronavirus cases in S'pore in new high, including 17 imported". The Straits Times.
  58. "COVID-19 á Íslandi - Tölfræði". www.covid.is (in Icelandic).
  59. "Coronavirus România, INFORMAȚII OFICIALE: 217 persoane infectate, 19 vindecate și externate". Digi24.
  60. MZ_GOV_PL (18 March 2020). "Potwierdzone przypadki dotyczą: 4 osób z woj. warmińsko-mazurskiego, 2 z woj. śląskiego i po 1 osobie z woj. podkarpackiego i świętokrzyskiego. W sumie liczba osób, które zostały zakażone koronawirusem: 246/5 (wszystkie pozytywne przypadki/w tym osoby zmarłe)" (Tweet).
  61. "Covid-19 Updates". Ministry of Health (Bahrain).
  62. "Information about Coronavirus disease COVID-19". Estonian Health Board.
  63. "Coronavirus: Thailand reports 32 new infections for total of 212". 18 March 2020.
  64. "Ministro de Salud confirma 201 casos de personas contagiadas de coronavirus en Chile". meganoticias (in Spanish) (Mar2020). meganoticias.cl. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  65. COVID-19 Philippine Cases as of March 18, 2020; 10:00 am (PST) ncovtracker.doh.gov.ph, accessed 16 March 2020
  66. "Corona Virus Update". Ministry of Health (Indonesia).
  67. "Indonesia's COVID-19 tally rises to 172 as government confirms 38 new cases" (in Indonesian). The Jakarta Post.
  68. "Together, We Fight The Virus". www.coronavirus.gov.hk. Hong Kong: Department of Health.
  69. "Coronavirus: Iraq suspends all domestic, international flights until March 24". 17 March 2020.
  70. "Home - Ministry of Health and Family Welfare - GOI". mohfw.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-03-15.
  71. "Coronavirus: COVID-19". Government of Luxembourg.
  72. "Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia's total rises to 133 as 15 new cases reported". 17 March 2020.
  73. "تعلن ⁧#وزارة_الصحة⁩ عن تأكيد إصابة 7 حالات جديدة ب ⁧#فيروس_كورونا_المستجدّ⁩ COVID19 ليصبح الإجمالي 130 حالة". Ministry of Health via Twitter.
  74. "LIVE: Coronavirus in Lebanon | Number of Infections, News, Resources & Guides". The961. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  75. "Twitter, Minsa_Peru". twitter.com.
  76. "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 2020-03-18. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  77. "ISS - Istituto per la Sicurezza Sociale di San Marino". www.iss.sm.
  78. "Информация о новой коронавирусной инфекции" (in Russian). Ministry of Health (Russia). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  79. "UAE announces 15 new cases of COVID-19". Wam. March 18, 2020.
  80. "Three more recoveries from coronavirus in UAE". twitter.com/mohapuae.
  81. "Turkey reports first coronavirus death as number of cases jumps to 98". www.dailysabah.com.
  82. Aktuálne o koronavíruse na Slovensku www.rtvs.sk
  83. Miranda, Perla (17 March 2020). "Coronavirus México 17 de marzo. Registran 11 casos más; suman 93". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  84. "Panamá registra 86 casos confirmados por coronavirus; hay un paciente sancionado". TVN (in Spanish). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  85. "Актуални новини". Ministry of Health (Bulgaria).
  86. "Službena stranica Vlade". Croatian Institute of Public Health.
  87. "Confirman 12 casos más de coronavirus en Argentina y la cifra asciende a 68". www.lavoz.com.ar.
  88. "首頁-衛生福利部疾病管制署". Taiwan Centres for Disease Control.
  89. "新增10境外移入個案,其中6人為旅行團群聚感染". Taiwan Centres for Disease Control. 17 March 2020.
  90. "Colombia registra sus dos primeros recuperados del coronavirus". redmas.com.co (in Spanish). 16 March 2020.
  91. "COVID-19". covid19.rs.
  92. "SPKCentrs". Twitter.
  93. "COVID-19 live updates: Brunei confirms two new cases, expands travel restrictions".
  94. "Gobierno declara estado de Emergencia Nacional, impide llegada de extranjeros y se suspende lecciones en todos los centros educativos del país". www.ministeriodesalud.go.cr (in Spanish).
  95. "Casos confirmados COVID-19 llegan a los 50". www.ministeriodesalud.go.cr. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  96. "40 إصابة بالفيروس في الأردن من ضمنها حال". www.almamlakatv.com. 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  97. "39 positius per coronavirus dels quals 12 són personal sanitari" (in Catalan). 16 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  98. ხშირად დასმული კითხვები: stopcov.ge
  99. "Number of coronavirus cases increases to 38 in Georgia". Interpressnews. 18 March 2020.
  100. "Coronavirus: Eight new cases, including three-year-old, test positive overnight".
  101. "Ситуация с коронавирусной инфекцией расценивается, как контролируемая". minzdrav.gov.by (in Russian). 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  102. "В Беларуси зафиксирован 51 случай коронавируса". minzdrav.gov.by (in Russian). 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  103. "Azərbaycan Respublikası Nazirlər Kabinetinin yanında operativ qərargahın MƏLUMATI | Azərbaycan Respublikasının Nazirlər Kabineti". cabmin.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  104. "34 cases in Bosnia and Herzegovina". klix.ba. Klix. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  105. "Cambodia reports 21 new cases of coronavirus, bringing total to 33". Reuters. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  106. "Maduro confirma 33 casos de coronavirus en Venezuela y ordena "cuarentena total" #16Mar". Runrun.es (in Spanish). 17 March 2020.
  107. "#Statement No.(21) March 17 , 2020". Ministry of Health (Oman) via Twitter.
  108. "Real-time Coronavirus condition in North Macedonia". gdi.net (in Macedonian).
  109. "Șase cazuri noi de Coronavirus în Moldova. Numărul îmbolnăvirilor ajunge la 29, iar o persoană a fost tratată". realitatea.md. 16 March 2020.
  110. "Répartition géographique des cas Coronavirus confirmés en Tunisie". www.realites.com.tn. 18 March 2020.
  111. "Afghanistan's coronavirus cases jump to 22". MENAFN. 16 March 2020.
  112. "Afghanistan- Herat discharges first recovered coronavirus patient". MENAFN. 14 March 2020.
  113. "Coronavirus au Burkina : Le compteur passe à 15 cas confirmés". Le Faso. March 16, 2020.
  114. "Оперативна інформація про поширення коронавірусної інфекції COVID-19" (in Ukrainian). Ministry of Healthcare. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  115. themohwgovjm (18 March 2020). "#COVID19 Update: Jamaica now has 13 confirmed cases of COVID-19. Here's our Dashboard with Jamaica's situation as at Tuesday, March 17, 2020; 9 p.m." (Tweet).
  116. "Macao confirms 13th COVID-19 case". 18 March 2020.
  117. Edhe katër të diagnostikuar me koronavirus në Kosovë koha.net, accessed 15 March 2020
  118. "CONTADOR OFICIAL COVID-19 EN PARAGUAY". Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (Paraguay).
  119. "Serge Telle tests positive for Covid-19".
  120. "Bangladesh: Coronavirus cases rise to 8, govt shuts down all educational institutions".
  121. "KKTC'de corona virüs vaka sayısı 7'ye yükseldi". www.hurriyet.com.tr.
  122. "Trinidad and Tobago COVID-19 (Novel Coronavirus) Update # 29". Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
  123. "Confirman tres nuevos casos de coronavirus, aumentando a 6 los contagiados en Honduras". Radio America. March 15, 2020.
  124. "Coronavirus : trois nouveaux contaminés en Côte d'Ivoire". AbidjanTV.net (in French). March 12, 2020.
  125. "Seychelles and COVID-19: Travel ban on Europeans; 4th case reported". Seychelles News Agency.
  126. Atoyebi, Olufemi (13 March 2020). "UPDATED: Nigerian who tested positive for coronavirus now negative". The Punch. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  127. "Barbados confirms first two COVID-19 cases". Stabroek News. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  128. "Dvije ženske osobe u Crnoj Gori zaražene koronavirusom" (in Montenegrin). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  129. Gooding, Kerri (15 March 2020). "Bahamas first confirmed coronavirus patient has no travel history". Loop News Barbados. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  130. "Central African Republic confirms first coronavirus case -WHO". 15 March 2020.
  131. "Congo Republic confirms first coronavirus case -government". 15 March 2020.
  132. "Equatorial Guinea announces first coronavirus case". Deccan Herald. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  133. EswatiniGovern1. "Eswatini Government (@EswatiniGovern1) on Twitter". Mobile.twitter.com. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  134. "Ghana, Gabon confirm first cases of coronavirus". Reuters. 2020-03-13. Retrieved 2020-03-13.
  135. "Gambia confirms first COVID-19 case". Xinhua. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  136. Mauritania confirms first coronavirus case www.reuters.com, accessed 14 March 2020
  137. "Suriname confirms first coronavirus case, authorities will close borders". Reuters. 2020-03-13. Retrieved 2020-03-13.
  138. The Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) – China, 2020. China CDC Weekly, 2020, 2(8): 113–122.
  139. Roser, Max; Ritchie, Hannah; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban (4 March 2020). "Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  140. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/timeline-china-coronavirus-spread-200126061554884.html?utm_source=website&utm_medium=article_page&utm_campaign=read_more_links
  141. "Chinese premier stresses curbing viral pneumonia epidemic". China Daily. Beijing: Xinhua News Agency. 21 January 2020. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  142. 142.0 142.1 142.2 "Tracking coronavirus: Map, data and timeline". BNO News. 10 February 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  143. "全国新型肺炎疫情实时动态 – 丁香园·丁香医生". ncov.dxy.cn. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  144. Imai, Natsuko; Dorigatti, Ilaria; Cori, Anne; Donnelly, Christl; Riley, Steven; Ferguson, Neil M (21 January 2020). "Estimating the potential total number of novel Coronavirus cases in Wuhan City, China (Report 2" (PDF). Imperial College London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  145. "HKUMed WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control releases real-time nowcast on the likely extent of the Wuhan coronavirus outbreak, domestic and international spread with the forecast for chunyun". HKUMed School of Public Health. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  146. "China coronavirus: 'family cluster' in Vietnam fuels concerns over human transmission". South China Morning Post. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  147. "Germany confirms human transmission of coronavirus". Deutsche Welle. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  148. Qin, Amy; Hernández, Javier C. (10 January 2020). "China Reports First Death From New Virus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  149. Ramzy, Austin; May, Tiffany (2 February 2020). "Philippines Reports First Coronavirus Death Outside China". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  150. coronavirus#citationMax Roser and Hannah Ritchie (2020) - "Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)". Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: 'https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus' [Online Resource]
  151. World Health Organization (2020). Novel Coronavirus (‎2019-nCoV)‎: situation report, 13 (PDF) (Report). World Health Organization. hdl:10665/330778.
  152. Lisa Schnirring: WHO decision on nCoV emergency delayed as cases spike Archived 2020-01-24 at the Wayback Machine
  153. 153.0 153.1 Field, Field (22 January 2020). "Nine dead as Chinese coronavirus spreads, despite efforts to contain it". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  154. Goh, Timothy; Toh, Ting Wei (23 January 2020). "Singapore confirms first case of Wuhan virus; second case likely". The Straits Times. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  155. https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/vietnam-confirms-first-acute-pneumonia-cases-from-wuhan-virus-4046310.html
  156. "France confirms two cases of deadly coronavirus". The Independent. 2020-01-24. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  157. "First case of coronavirus in Nepal after student who returned from Wuhan tests positive". 24 Januarie 2020. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  158. Bloomberg - Are you a robot?
  159. Coronavirus cases outside China could spark a ‘bigger fire’: WHO | National Post
  160. 160.0 160.1 https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Study:_people_infected_by_new_coronavirus_%27likely%27_hundreds_more_than_confirmed
  161. https://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/coronavirus-shuts-macao-the-worlds-gambling-capital/
  162. https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/First_foreigners_die_from_coronavirus_in_Wuhan,_China
  163. https://www.asianscientist.com/2020/02/topnews/china-coronavirus-covid-19-study/
  164. refname=ecdc
  165. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/03/china-s-aggressive-measures-have-slowed-coronavirus-they-may-not-work-other-countries
  166. https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/07/china/china-coronavirus-hotel-collapse/index.html
  167. https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/emerging-diseases/news/online/%7Be4659648-0adb-4028-a79e-6157cb729345%7D/trump-appoints-pence-to-lead-us-response-to-covid-19
  168. https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/925932
  169. https://www.cbsnews.com/live-updates/coronavirus-outbreak-death-toll-us-infections-latest-news-updates-2020-03-02/
  170. https://www.businessinsider.com/white-house-says-will-fail-1m-goal-coronavirus-test-kits-2020-3
  171. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/09/nyregion/coronavirus-ny-quarantines.html
  172. https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/06/donald-trump-jay-inslee-coronavirus-123114
  173. https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/live-blog/coronavirus-updates-live-14-dead-across-u-s-trump-signs-n1151451
  174. https://euobserver.com/social/147543
  175. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/04/italy-orders-closure-of-schools-and-universities-due-to-coronavirus
  176. https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2020/mar/04/coronavirus-live-updates-who-global-recession-fears-update-latest-news
  177. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/italy-poised-seal-north-coronavirus-live-updates-200307234942500.html
  178. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51787238
  179. https://winnipeg.ctvnews.ca/load-of-malarkey-manitobans-trapped-in-italy-lockdown-not-worried-about-covid-19-outbreak-1.4847179
  180. https://www.vox.com/2020/3/10/21171217/coronavirus-covid-19-italy-hospitals
  181. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51673053
  182. https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Iranian_government_official_Mohammad_Mir-Mohammadi_dies_of_COVID-19
  183. https://bc.ctvnews.ca/vancouver-university-temporarily-closed-over-possible-student-exposure-to-covid-19-1.4840310
  184. https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/coronavirus/feds-chartering-plane-to-repatriate-canadians-on-california-cruise-ship-1.4844048
  185. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51524460
  186. https://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2020/03/06/grand-princess-passengers-crew-members-test-positive-for-coronavirus-will-not-be-docking-in-san-francisco/
  187. https://jakartaglobe.id/news/another-diamond-princess-crew-member-from-indonesia-suspected-of-contracting-coronavirus