Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children

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A systematic review indicates that children having COVID-19 have milder effects and better outcomes than many adults.[1] Children, however, are more likely to have multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, a rare though life-threatening illness. This condition involves persistent fevers and extreme inflammation after being exposed to SARS-CoV-2, a virus that causes COVID-19.[2]

Children and adolescents may be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in several other areas. Those are education, socioeconomic status and mental health.

When children and adolescents are infected with COVID-19, they are more likely to not show symptoms or usually have mild to moderate severity.[3] Children and adolescents are not as likely to go to a hospital as adults.[4] Some children, however, develop severe illness. In these cases respiratory support, like a ventilator, may be needed.

Children and adolescents are far less likely to die than people under other age groups.

Impact on most at-risk groups[change | change source]

The safety for children and adolescents is under risk while the COVID-19 pandemic is happening. Children and teenagers living in substandard or crowded conditions are particularly under risk.[5] Youth – in particular young women, people under certain racial backgrounds and migrants – face higher than normal socioeconomic and health impacts. They are also under increased risks of gender-based violence due to social isolation, discrimination and major financial stress.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Systematic Review of COVID-19 in Children Shows Milder Cases". US National Library of Medicine. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  2. "A Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children". EClinicalMedicine. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  3. "COVID-19 in Children and Teens". Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  4. "COVID-19 in 7780 Pediatric Patients". E Clinical Medicine. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  5. "Impact of COVID-19 on Children". The Citizens for Justice and Peace. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  6. "The Impact of COVID-19 on Women". UN Women. Retrieved July 12, 2021.