COVID-19 pandemic in Poland

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COVID-19 pandemic in Poland
COVID-19 Pandemic Cases in Poland Powiats.svg
Map of powiats with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases[1]      At least 1 reported case
COVID-19 pandemic cases in Poland.svg
Map of voivodeships with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases

     10000–99999 confirmed cases      1000–9999 confirmed cases

     100–999 confirmed cases
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationPoland
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseZielona Góra[2][3]
Arrival date4 March 2020[2][3]
(5 months and 1 day)
Confirmed cases17 469
Suspected cases2538[4]
Recovered6696(External links)
Deaths
869
(U07.2 included from 1 April for hospitalised cases but quarantine COVID-19 U07.2 deaths excluded)
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

In February and March 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic that started in late 2019, health authorities in Poland began laboratory testing of suspected cases of infection by SARS-CoV-2, one of the seven known human coronaviruses, as well as home quarantining and monitoring.[5][6]

Cases[change | change source]

The first case of a laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in Poland was that of a man hospitalized in Zielona Góra, with confirmation announced officially on 4 March 2020.[2][3]

The local transmission phase of SARS-CoV-2 in Poland was declared to the World Health Organization on 10 March.[7][8]

The first death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Poland was that of a 56-year-old woman on 12 March.[9]

European help[change | change source]

Polish authorities did not take part in the 28 February 2020 European Union procedure for purchasing COVID-19 pandemic related medical equipment, in which 20 other member states participated. Poland applied on 6 March for the 17 March tender for the purchase of gloves, goggles, face shields, surgical masks and protective clothing.

Numbers[change | change source]

As of 12 May 2020, there were 16,921 laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases,[10] 839 deaths,[10] and 6131 recoveries.[11]

Response[change | change source]

Lockdown-type control measures started on 10–12 March, closing schools and university classes and cancelling mass events,[12][13][14] and were strengthened on 25 March. It limited non-family gatherings to two people and religious gatherings to six and did not allow any non-essential travel.[15]

Deaths[change | change source]

Death counts initially only included deaths from lab-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection[16].[17] Starting on 1 April 2020, deaths that were clinically diagnosed as COVID-19[16] were also considered as COVID-19 deaths.[18] As of 28 March 2020, people in Poland who died in quarantine from suspected COVID-19 were not tested for SARS-CoV-2 in their autopsy.[19]

Testing and lockdown[change | change source]

As of 29 March 2020, there were 269,307 people under quarantine for suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection and 42,783 SARS-CoV-2 tests had been made since the beginning of testing.[20] The lockdown restrictions were tightened starting on 31 March–1 April, making individuals walking in streets to be separated by two metres, closing parks, boulevards, beaches, hairdressers and beauty salons.[21]

References[change | change source]

  1. References at Wikimedia Commons.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Poland Reports First Coronavirus Case - Health Minister". usnews.com. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Pierwszy przypadek koronawirusa w Polsce" [First case of coronavirus in Poland]. Ministry of Health (in Polish). 2020-03-04. Archived from the original on 2020-03-04. Retrieved 2020-03-04.
  4. Hospitalised for suspected COVID-19.
  5. "Ministerstwo Zdrowia: W Polsce wciąż nie ma koronawirusa. Żadna z badanych próbek nie jest pozytywna" [Health Ministry: There is still no coronavirus in Poland. None of the tests was positive]. Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). 2020-02-29. Archived from the original on 2020-02-29. Retrieved 2020-02-29.
  6. "47 osób z podejrzeniem koronawirusa w Polsce. Szumowski: Wirus pojawi się w najbliższych dniach" [47 people suspected of coronavirus infections in Poland. Szumowski: the virus will arrive in the coming days]. Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). 2020-02-27. Archived from the original on 2020-02-27. Retrieved 2020-02-27.
  7. "Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) – Situation Report – 49" (PDF). WHO. 2020-03-09. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-03-10. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  8. "Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) – Situation Report – 50" (PDF). WHO. 2020-03-10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-03-22. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  9. "Minister @SzumowskiLukasz w #MZ: Mamy pierwszy śmiertelny przypadek wywołany przez #koronawirus. Pacjentka w wieku 56 lat miała poważne problemy zdrowotne przed zakażeniem". Twitter. 12 March 2020.
  10. 10.0 10.1 [total confirmed 16921, total deaths 839) (12 May 2020). "(Tweet)". Twitter. Archived from the original on 12 May 2020.
  11. "(Tweet)". Twitter. 12 May 2020. Archived from the original on 12 May 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020. Dzienny raport o #koronawirus.
  12. Palińska, Ewa (2020-03-10). "Premier odwołał wszystkie imprezy masowe w Polsce" [The prime minister cancelled all mass events in Poland]. trojmiasto.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  13. Rudziński, Łukasz (2020-03-10). "Teatry zamknięte przynajmniej na 2 tygodnie". trojmiasto.pl (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2020-03-21. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  14. "Zawieszenie zajęć dydaktyczno-wychowawczych w przedszkolach, szkołach i placówkach oświatowych" [Suspension of educational classes in preschools, schools and educational institutions]. Government of Poland (in Polish). 2020-03-11. Archived from the original on 2020-03-21. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  15. "Nowe ograniczenia w przemieszczaniu się. 'Będą dotyczyć nas wszystkich'" [New constraints on movement. 'They'll affect us all']. TVN24 (in Polish). 2020-03-24. Archived from the original on 2020-03-24. Retrieved 2020-03-24.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "ICD-10 Version:2019". World Health Organization. 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-03-31. Retrieved 2020-03-31. U07.2 – COVID-19, virus not identified – COVID-19 NOS – Use this code when COVID-19 is diagnosed clinically or epidemiologically but laboratory testing is inconclusive or not available. Use additional code, if desired, to identify pneumonia or other manifestations
  17. "WAŻNE! Wytyczne dotyczące określania przyczyn zgonów związanych z epidemią koronawirusa wywołującego COVID-19" [IMPORTANT! Procedures for defining the cause of death in relation to the epidemic of the coronavirus causing COVID-19]. Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego – Państwowy Zakład Higieny (in Polish). 2020-03-26. Archived from the original on 2020-03-31. Retrieved 2020-03-31.
  18. Świsłowski, Kacper (2020-04-01). "Państwowy Zakład Higieny dodał nowy kod zgonów, rekomendowany przez WHO. Wyjaśniamy, o co chodzi z U07.1 i U07.2" [NIPH–NIH added a new code for deaths, as recommended by the WHO. Explanation of what U07.1 and U07.2 are]. Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2020-04-01. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  19. Jędrysik, Miłada (2020-03-28). "Umrzesz na kwarantannie, nie liczysz się do koronawirusa" [If you die in quarantine, you don't count as coronavirus]. OKO.press (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2020-03-28. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  20. "(Tweet)". Twitter. 29 March 2020. Archived from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020. Dzienny raport o #koronawirus.
  21. "Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 31 marca 2020 r. w sprawie ustanowienia określonych ograniczeń, nakazów i zakazów w związku z wystąpieniem stanu epidemii" [Regulation by the Cabinet on 31 March 2020 on setting limits, orders and prohibitions in relation to the onset of an epidemic] (PDF). Sejm (in Polish). 2020-03-31. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-04-02. Retrieved 2020-04-02.