COVID-19 pandemic in Germany

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COVID-19 pandemic in Germany
Confirmed cases per 100,000 inhabitants by district
Map of states with confirmed coronavirus cases (as of 30 March):
  Confirmed 100–499
  Confirmed 500–999
  Confirmed 1,000–9,999
  Confirmed ≥10,000
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1][2]
Index caseBavaria
Arrival date27 January 2020
(4 years, 2 months and 3 days)
Confirmed cases187,251[3][4]
Recovered171,900 (estimate)[3][4][a]

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic spread to Germany on 27 January 2020, when the first case was confirmed near Munich, Bavaria.[5]

Background[change | change source]

The majority of cases in January and early February came from the same automobile-parts business place as the first case. On 25 and 26 February, multiple cases related to the Italian outbreak were found in Baden-Württemberg. A large number linked to a carnival event was formed in Heinsberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, with the first death reported on 9 March 2020.[6][7] New larger groups were found in other regions via Heinsberg as well as by people arriving from China, Iran and Italy,[8] from where non-Germans could arrive by plane until 17–18 March.

Stages[change | change source]

The outbreaks were first managed in a containment stage,[9] which tried to lower the increase of larger infected areas. The German government and several health officials stated the country was ready and did not create special measures to increase medical supplies or limit public freedom. Since 13 March, the pandemic has been managed in the protection stage. Two days later, borders to five neighboring countries were closed.

Actions[change | change source]

By 22 March, all regional governments had announced curfews or restrictions in public spaces. Throughout Germany, travelling was only allowed in groups of two people unless they are from the same household.

Some German states added more restrictions allowing people to leave their homes only for specified activities including commuting to work, exercising or purchasing food.[10]

Numbers[change | change source]

As of 13 May 2020, 173,699 cases had been reported with 7,791 deaths and about 147,200 recoveries.[11][12][13][14] The low fatality rate in Germany, compared to Italy and Spain, resulted in a debate and explanations that say the country's higher number of tests performed, higher number of available intensive care beds with respiratory support, absence of COVID-19 analyses in autopsies and higher proportion of positive cases among younger people.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. There are no official numbers for how many have recovered, because recoveries are not always reported in Germany. The number here is an estimate by the Robert Koch Institute.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19)". Retrieved 24 March 2020. the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
  2. Sheikh, Knvul; Rabin, Roni Caryn (10 March 2020). "The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Alle bestätigten Coronavirus-Infektionen nach Landkreisen und Bundesländern". Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Robert Koch-Institut: COVID-19-Dashboard". Robert Koch Institute (in German). Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  5. "Erster Fall des Coronavirus in Deutschland bestätigt". Der Spiegel (in German). 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  6. "Kreis Heinsberg". Kreis Heinsberg. Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  7. Hamburg, Hamburger Abendblatt- (9 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Zwei Tote in Deutschland – Italien sperrt das ganze Land". Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  8. "SARS-CoV-2: Fallzahlen in Deutschland, China und weltweit". Robert Koch Institut (in German). Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  9. "Ergänzung zum Nationalen Pandemieplan – COVID-19 – neuartige Coronaviruserkrankung" (PDF). Robert Koch Institute. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  10. "Kontaktverbot wegen Corona: Wem Sie noch einen Besuch abstatten dürfen". Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  11. "Alle bestätigten Coronavirus-Infektionen nach Landkreisen und Bundesländern". Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  12. "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Daily Situation Report of the Robert Koch Institute" (PDF). Robert Koch Institute. 2 April 2020.
  13. "Coronavirus-Monitor". Berliner Morgenpost. 24 March 2020.
  14. Blickle, Paul; Engmann, René; Erdmann, Elena; Fischer, Linda; Gortana, Flavio; Klack, Moritz; Kreienbrink, Matthias; Stahnke, Julian; Stockrahm, Sven; Tröger, Julius; Venohr, Sascha (28 March 2020). "Coronavirus in Deutschland: Wie sich das Coronavirus in Ihrer Region ausbreitet" – via Die Zeit.