COVID-19 pandemic in Italy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
COVID-19 pandemic in Italy
COVID-19 Italy - Cases per capita.svg
Confirmed cases per 100k residents by province
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Italy (Density).svg
Number of confirmed cases by province
(as of 20 April 2020).

     50–99 confirmed

     100–499 confirmed     500–999 confirmed     1,000–4,999 confirmed     5,000–9,999 confirmed     ≥10,000 confirmed
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationItaly
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
First reportedRome
Index caseUnknown
Arrival date31 January 2020
(7 months, 4 weeks and 2 days)[1]
Confirmed cases222,104[2]
Active cases78,457[2]
Critical cases893[2]
Recovered112,541[2] (incl. discharged)
Deaths
31,106[2]
Government website
www.salute.gov.it/nuovocoronavirus

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic was first confirmed to have spread to Italy on 31 January 2020, when two Chinese tourists in Rome tested positive for the virus.[1][3]

Clusters[change | change source]

A large amount of cases was later found, starting with 16 confirmed cases in Lombardy on 21 February,[4] and 60 additional cases and the first deaths on 22 February. By the beginning of March, the virus had spread to all regions of Italy.[5]

On 31 January, the Italian government stopped all flights to and from China and declared a state of emergency. In February, eleven cities in northern Italy were seen as the centres of the two main Italian infected areas and placed under quarantine. The majority of positive cases in other regions traced back to these two areas.[6]

Conte's response[change | change source]

On 8 March 2020, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte expanded the quarantine to all of Lombardy and 14 other northern provinces, and on the following day to all of Italy were placed on quarantine.[7][8][9] On 11 March 2020, Conte prohibited nearly all commercial activity except for supermarkets and pharmacies.[10][11]

On 21 March, the Italian government closed all non-essential businesses and industries, and stopped movement of people.[12]

Cases[change | change source]

As of 13 May 2020, Italy has 78,457 active cases, one of the highest in the world.[13] Overall there have been 222,104 confirmed cases and 31,106 deaths (a rate of 509 deaths per million population[14]), while there have been 112,541 recoveries or dismissals.[2]

By 13 May, Italy had tested about 1,779,000 people.[15] Because of the limited number of tests performed, the real number of infected people in Italy, as in other countries, is seen to be higher than the official count.[16][17][18]

Numbers[change | change source]

On 19 March, Italy became the country with the highest number of confirmed coronavirus deaths; however, on 11 April, the United States topped Italy.[19][20]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Coronavirus: Primi due casi in Italia". Corriere della sera (in Italian). 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Covid-19 – Situazione in Italia". salute.gov.it (in Italian). Ministero della Salute. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  3. "First Italian dies of coronavirus as outbreak flares in north". Reuters. 21 February 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  4. Anzolin, Elisa; Amante, Angelo (21 February 2020). "Coronavirus outbreak grows in northern Italy, 16 cases reported in one day". Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  5. "Coronavirus. Colpite tutte le regioni. La Protezione civile: ecco i numeri aggiornati". Avvenire (in Italian). 5 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  6. "Coronavirus in Italia: aggiornamento ora per ora". la Repubblica (in Italian). 22 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  7. "Coronavirus: Northern Italy quarantines 16 million people". BBC. 8 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  8. "All of Italy to be placed on coronavirus lockdown". BBC News. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  9. "Coronavirus: Italy deaths jump to 463, with 300 in just one region". Sky News. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  10. Harlan, Chico; Morris, Loveday. "Italy ramps up coronavirus lockdown, Merkel warns virus could infect two-thirds of Germany". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  11. Rome, Eric Sylvers in Milan and Giovanni Legorano in (12 March 2020). "Italy Hardens Nationwide Quarantine". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  12. Safi, Michael; Giuffrida, Angela; Farrer, Martin (22 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Italy bans any movement inside country as toll nears 5,500". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  13. "Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins". Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  14. Coronavirus cases: Reported Cases and Deaths by Country. Worldometer.
  15. "Aggiornamento 27/04/2020 Ore 17.00" (PDF). 27 April 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  16. Flaxman, Seth; Swapnil, Mishra; Gandy, Axel; et al. (30 March 2020). "Report 13: Estimating the number of infections and the impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 in 11 European countries". Imperial College London: 1–35. doi:10.25561/77731. Retrieved 31 March 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  17. Lau, Hien; Khosrawipour, Veria; Kocbach, Piotr; Mikolajczyk, Agata; Ichii, Hirohito; Schubert, Justyna; Bania, Jacek; Khosrawipour, Tanja (14 March 2020). "Internationally lost COVID-19 cases". Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection. doi:10.1016/j.jmii.2020.03.013. ISSN 1684-1182. PMC 7102572. PMID 32205091.
  18. "The total number of Italian coronavirus cases could be '10 times higher' than known tally, according to one official". CNBC. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  19. Hjelmgaard, Eric J. Lyman and Kim. "Grim milestone: Italy's coronavirus deaths surpass China's". USA Today.
  20. "Coronavirus: US overtakes Italy as country with most deaths". The Guardian. 11 April 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2020.