COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

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COVID-19 pandemic in the United States
COVID-19 outbreak USA per capita cases map.svg
Confirmed cases per 100,000 residents by state.
Total confirmed cases map
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in the United States (Density).svg
Confirmed cases by state.
  None confirmed
  <5,000 confirmed
  5,000–10,000 confirmed
  10,001–125,000 confirmed
  125,001–325,000 confirmed
  >325,000 confirmed
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationUnited States
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1]
Index caseChicago, Illinois (earliest known arrival)[2]
Everett, Washington (first case report)[3]
Arrival dateJanuary 13, 2020[4]
(2 years, 10 months, 3 weeks and 3 days ago)
Confirmed cases
Recovered14,968,716 (JHU)[6]
Fatality rate
Government website

The COVID-19 pandemic spread to the United States in January 2020. The first confirmed case of local transmission was recorded in January in Chicago and the first known deaths happened in February.

By the end of March, cases had happened in all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and all U.S. territories except American Samoa.[8][9]

Deaths[change | change source]

As of May 13, 2020, the U.S. has the most confirmed active cases and deaths in the world[10][11] and its death rate was 206 per million people, the tenth-highest rate globally.[12]

Trump response[change | change source]

The Trump administration made a public health emergency on January 31, then on February 2nd he began to end the entry of most foreign nationals who had recently traveled to China.[13][14] People have said that the country's response to the pandemic was slow in regards to testing and medical response.[15][16][17]

Warnings[change | change source]

On February 25, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned the American public for the first time to prepare for a local outbreak.[18]

National emergency[change | change source]

A national emergency was declared on March 13. In early March, the Food and Drug Administration began allowing public health agencies and private companies to create and carry out tests.[19] The Trump administration waited until mid-March to start purchasing large amounts of medical equipment.

On March 16, the White House announced that they were against any gatherings of more than ten people.[20] Since March 19, 2020, the U.S. Department of State has said all U.S. citizens to avoid all international travel.[21]

State and local responses[change | change source]

State and local responses to the outbreak have included cancellation of large gatherings, stay-at-home orders, and the closing of schools and other educational institutions.[22]

Large numbers of outbreaks in the U.S. were seen in black American populations.[23]

Many numbers of infections and deaths have happened in nursing homes, long-term care facilities, prisons, and other detention centers, meatpacking plants, churches, and larger cities such as New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Seattle.[24]

Prisons[change | change source]

In July 2020, scientists from Johns Hopkins University told people that deaths from COVID-19 in United States prisons were much higher than the average for the whole country. There were about 3251 sick prisoners and 39 deaths out of every 100,000 prisoners. The national average was about 587 sick United States residents and 29 deaths for every 100,000 United States residents.[25]

References[change | change source]

  1. Sheikh, Knvul; Rabin, Roni Caryn (March 10, 2020). "The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  2. "Coronavirus: the first three months as it happened". Nature. April 22, 2020. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00154-w. PMID 32152592. S2CID 212652777.
  3. Holshue, Michelle L.; DeBolt, Chas; Lindquist, Scott; Lofy, Kathy H.; Wiesman, John; Bruce, Hollianne; Spitters, Christopher; Ericson, Keith; Wilkerson, Sara; Tural, Ahmet; Diaz, George; Cohn, Amanda; Fox, LeAnne; Patel, Anita; Gerber, Susan I.; Kim, Lindsay; Tong, Suxiang; Lu, Xiaoyan; Lindstrom, Steve; Pallansch, Mark A.; Weldon, William C.; Biggs, Holly M.; Uyeki, Timothy M.; Pillai, Satish K. (March 5, 2020). "First Case of 2019 Novel Coronavirus in the United States". New England Journal of Medicine. 382 (10): 929–936. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2001191. PMC 7092802. PMID 32004427.
  4. "Second Travel-related Case of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Detected in United States". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Second Travel-related Case of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Detected in United States: The patient returned to the U.S. from Wuhan on January 13, 2020
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Cases in U.S." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 28 March 2020. Updated, one day after other sources.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Coronavirus COVID-19 (2019-nCoV)" (ArcGIS). Johns Hopkins CSSE. Frequently updated.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Our Data". The COVID Tracking Project. Frequently updated.
  8. "CDC Weekly Key Messages: March 29, 2020 as of 10:30 p.m." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. March 29, 2020. Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  9. Smith, Oliver (April 21, 2020). "The only places on Earth still (apparently) without coronavirus". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  10. "Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins". Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  11. "COVID-19 Statistics By Country". Coronavirus Dashboard. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  12. "COVID-19 deaths worldwide per one million population as of April 21, 2020, by country", Statista, May 4, 2020
  13. Aubrey, Allison (January 31, 2020). "Trump Declares Coronavirus A Public Health Emergency And Restricts Travel From China". NPR. Retrieved March 18, 2020. 'Foreign nationals other than immediate family of U.S. citizens and permanent residents who have traveled in China in the last 14 days will be denied entry into United States,' Azar said.
  14. Robertson, Lori (April 15, 2020). "Trump's Snowballing China Travel Claim". Retrieved April 29, 2020. ... effective Feb. 2.
  15. Lemire, Jonathan; Miller, Zeke; Colvin, Jill; Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo (April 12, 2020). "Signs missed and steps slowed in Trump's pandemic response". Associated Press. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  16. Pilkington, Ed; McCarthy, Tom (March 28, 2020). "The missing six weeks: how Trump failed the biggest test of his life". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  17. Ollstein, Alice Miranda (April 14, 2020). "Trump halts funding to World Health Organization". Politico. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  18. Taylor, Marisa (March 23, 2020). "Exclusive: U.S. axed CDC expert job in China months before virus outbreak". Reuters. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  19. Sprunt, Barbara; Montanaro, Domenico (2 April 2020). "FACT CHECK: Trump Claims U.S. Testing For Coronavirus Most Per Capita—It's Not". Retrieved April 18, 2020. Given the population of the U.S. (about 327 million) ...
  20. Liptak, Kevin (March 16, 2020). "White House advises public to avoid groups of more than 10, asks people to stay away from bars and restaurants". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  21. "Global Level 4 Health Advisory—Do Not Travel". Archived from the original on 2020-08-03. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  22. Deb, Sopan; Cacciola, Scott; Stein, Marc (March 11, 2020). "Sports Leagues Bar Fans and Cancel Games Amid Coronavirus Outbreak". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  23. Washington, Adam Gabbatt David Smith in (12 May 2020). "Trump accused of racism after clash with Asian American reporter". The Guardian. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  24. Anne Schuchat (1 May 2020). "Public Health Response to the Initiation and Spread of Pandemic COVID-19 in the United States, February 24–April 21, 2020". MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 69 (18): 551–556. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6918e2. PMC 7737947. PMID 32379733.
  25. Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health (July 8, 2020). "COVID-19 cases and deaths in federal and state prisons significantly higher than in US population" (Press release). Retrieved July 8, 2020.