COVID-19 pandemic in India

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COVID-19 pandemic in India
India COVID-19 cases density map.svg
COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people by state, as of 18 May 2021
Map of confirmed cases
India COVID-19 confirmed cases map.svg
Map of confirmed cases
Map of active cases
India COVID-19 active cases map.svg
Map of active cases
Map of confirmed deaths
India COVID-19 deaths map.svg
Map of deaths due to the pandemic
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1]
Index caseThrissur, Kerala[2]
10°31′39″N 76°12′52″E / 10.5276°N 76.2144°E / 10.5276; 76.2144
Date30 January 2020 – ongoing
(3 years, 1 month, 1 week and 5 days)[3]
Confirmed cases44,688,367[4]
28 states and 8 union territories[5]
  • 1,027,380,686[4] (total people vaccinated)
  • 951,901,333[4] (people fully vaccinated)
  • 2,206,414,969[4] (vaccine doses given)
Government website

The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in India was reported on 30 January 2020, originating from China. As of 12 March 2023, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare have confirmed a total of 78,003 cases, 26,235 recoveries (including 1 migration) and 2,549 deaths in the country.

Numbers[change | change source]

The infection rate of COVID-19 in India is reported to be 1.7, which was lower than in the worst affected countries.[6]

The outbreak has been called an epidemic in more than a dozen states and union territories.

Response[change | change source]

On 22 March 2020, India made a 14-hour voluntary public curfew at the instance of the prime minister Narendra Modi. The government followed it up with lockdowns in 75 districts where COVID-19 cases had occurred as well as all major cities.[7][8] On 24 March, the prime minister ordered a nationwide lockdown for 21 days, affecting the entire 1.3 billion population of India.[9][10] On 14 April, the prime minister extended the nationwide lockdown until 3 May.

Lockdown effects[change | change source]

People worried about the economic effects caused by the lockdown, which has would have on informal workers, micro and small enterprises, farmers and the self-employed.[11][12]

Observers state that the lockdown has slowed the growth rate of the pandemic by 6 April to a rate of doubling every 6 days, and, by 18 April, to a rate of doubling every 8 days.[13]

The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT), in its report based on data from 73 countries, reports that the Indian Government has responded more strictly than other countries in the pandemic.[14][15]

Notes[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Sheikh, Knvul; Rabin, Roni Caryn (10 March 2020). "The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  2. "Kerala confirmed first novel coronavirus case in India". India Today. 30 January 2020.
  3. Reid, David (30 January 2020). "India confirms its first coronavirus case". CNBC. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2022). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2023-03-12.
  5. "Home | Ministry of Health and Family Welfare | GOI". Retrieved 12 March 2023.
  6. "One COVID-19 positive infects 1.7 in India, lower than in hot zones". The Indian Express. 19 March 2020. One reason for the relatively slow increase in the number of novel coronavirus patients in India, as of now, could be the fact that every infected person has been passing on the virus only to another 1.7 people on an average. This is remarkably lower than what has been observed in the worst-affected countries, a study by scientists at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences in Chennai shows.
  7. Regan, Helen; Mitra, Esha; Gupta, Swati (23 March 2020). "India places millions under lockdown to fight coronavirus". CNN.
  8. "India locks down over 100 million people amid coronavirus fears". Al Jazeera. 23 March 2020.
  9. Withnall, Adam (24 March 2020). "India to go into nationwide lockdown". The Independent.
  10. "India's Coronavirus Lockdown: What It Looks Like When India's 1.3 Billion People Stay Home". 22 February 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  11. "'Unprecedented crisis; do whatever it takes': Jayati Ghosh on Covid-19". Hindustan Times. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  12. Ray, Debraj; Subramanian, S.; Vandewalle, Lore (9 April 2020). "India's Lockdown". The India Forum. But in societies like India, a lockdown kill: via job loss, increased vulnerability to economic shocks, and via social stigma and misinformation. Then the objective of saving lives as a whole may or may not be achieved by a draconian lockdown.
  13. Gupta, Shekhar (18 April 2020). "Covid hasn't gone viral in India yet, but some in the world & at home can't accept the truth". ThePrint. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  14. "India Corona news: India beats other nations in Covid response: Study | India News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  15. "India scores high on Covid-19 response tracker made by Oxford University".