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COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil

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COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil
Cases per 100,000 residents by state
Map of states with confirmed coronavirus cases (as of 2 June)
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
First outbreakSão Paulo, Brazil
Index caseSão Paulo
Arrival date26 February 2020
(4 years, 3 months, 3 weeks and 5 days)
Confirmed cases867,624[1]
Government website

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Brazil on 25 February 2020,[2] when a man from São Paulo tested positive for the virus.

As of 13 May 2020, 188,974 cases have been confirmed in the country, causing 13,149 deaths.[1][3]


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On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a new coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

On 17 March, Brazil's first coronavirus-related death was confirmed.[6] At this time, there were 291 confirmed cases in the country.[7] Three days later, State health departments reported almost a thousand confirmed cases across 23 of 26 states and also in the Federal District.[8]

A month after the first confirmed case on February 26, the Ministry of Health reported that Brazil had 2,915 confirmed cases and 77 deaths.[9] On 30 April, Brazil overtook China in number of confirmed cases, passing 87,000.[10]

Government responses

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President Jair Bolsonaro's official announcement about COVID-19 on March 6.

The pandemic has caused a large difference of responses from federal, state and local governments. On 27 March Brazil announced a temporary ban on foreign air travelers,[11] and most state governors have added quarantines to prevent the spread of the virus.[12]

Criticism of Bolsonaro's response

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Despite the global impact of the virus and guidelines from the World Health Organization, President Jair Bolsonaro says that the risk caused by coronavirus has been exaggerated.[13] State governors have disagreed, causing lockdowns measures in their own states.[14]

On 13 March, President Jair Bolsonaro tested negative for COVID-19.[15][16] The same day, the Ministry of Health issued a warning recommending Brazilians and foreigners arriving in Brazil to stay in isolation for at least 7 days.[17]


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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Painel Coronavírus". Ministry of Health (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  2. "Brasil confirma primeiro caso da doença". Ministerio da Saude. 26 February 2020. Archived from the original on 6 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  3. "Casos de coronavírus e número de mortes no Brasil em 28 de abril". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese).
  4. Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. "São Paulo registra primeira morte por coronavírus". Folha de S.Paulo. 17 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  7. "Notificação de casos de doença pelo coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) – Plataforma Integrada de Vigilância em Saúde – Ministério da Saúde". 18 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  8. "Casos de coronavírus no Brasil em 20 de março". G1. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  9. "Mortes no Brasil por coronavírus sobem 19% em um dia e chegam a 92". Archived from the original on 2020-04-08. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  10. "Johns Hopkins University COVID-19 Dashboard".
  11. Pedro Fonseca; Jamie McGeever (28 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Brazil bans foreign air travelers". The Mercury News. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  12. "Brazil reports more than 1,000 coronavirus deaths". BBC News. BBC. 11 April 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  13. "Jair Bolsonaro claims Brazilians 'never catch anything' as Covid-19 cases rise". The Guardian. 27 May 2020.
  14. "Brazil virus spread 'threatens Paraguay's success'". BBC News. 9 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  15. "Coronavírus: Bolsonaro testa negativo para covid-19". UOL. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  16. "Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro Tests Negative for Coronavirus". Time. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  17. "Ministério da Saúde recomenda que viajante internacional fique em casa por 7 dias ao chegar ao Brasil". G1. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.