President of Brazil

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President of the Federative Republic of Brazil
Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil
Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
Flag of the President of Brazil.svg
Lula (2023) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

since 1 January 2023
Federal government of Brazil
StyleMr. President[1]
His Excellency
StatusHead of State
Head of Government
Member ofCabinet
National Defense Council
ResidencePalácio da Alvorada
SeatBrasília
AppointerDirect popular vote (two rounds if necessary)
Term lengthFour years,
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Brazil
Inaugural holderDeodoro da Fonseca
FormationProclamation of the Republic
15 November 1889
DeputyVice President of Brazil
SalaryR$ 402,151 annually[2]
Websitewww.gov.br/planalto

The president of Brazil (Portuguese: Presidente do Brasil), officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is the head of state and head of government of Brazil. The current President is Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva since 2023, who was President of Brazil from 2003 to 2010.

Requirements[change | change source]

The national constitution says that a president be a native-born citizen of Brazil, at least 35 years of age, a resident of Brazil, a registered voter, and a member of a political party.[3]

Terms[change | change source]

The president of Brazil can only be president for a term of four years,[4] and may be re-elected for a second four term.[5] This two-term limit, however, is not for life—a former president who has served for two consecutive terms may run for the presidency again after at least one term has ended.[6]

List[change | change source]

Living former presidents[change | change source]

Image Name Term of office Age
Foto Oficial Sarney EBC.jpg José Sarney 1985–1990 92 years, 262 days
Fernando Collor 1992 B&W.jpg Fernando Collor de Mello 1990–1992 73 years, 152 days
Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1999).jpg Fernando Henrique Cardoso 1995–2002 91 years, 207 days
Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09.jpg Dilma Rousseff 2011–2016 75 years, 28 days
Presidente Michel Temer (foto oficial) - cortada.jpg Michel Temer 2016–2018 82 years, 110 days
Jair Bolsonaro 2021 (cropped).jpg Jair Bolsonaro 2019–2023 67 years, 265 days

The longest-lived President was Venceslau Brás, who died on May 15 1966 (at the age of 98 years, 78 days).

The most recent President to die was Itamar Franco, who died on July 2, 2011.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Decreto nº 9.758, de 11 de abril de 2019" (in Portuguese). Impressa Nacional. 11 April 2019. p. 5. ISSN 1677-7042. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  2. [1] Archived 2021-05-15 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Transparency, Supervision and Control. Retrieved on 15 May 2021. (in Portuguese)
  3. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 3.
  4. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 82.
  5. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 5.
  6. "G1 > Política - NOTÍCIAS - Terceiro mandato é 'legal e constitucional', diz Dirceu". g1.globo.com. Retrieved 3 April 2020.

Other websites[change | change source]