President of Brazil

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of the Federative Republic of Brazil
Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil
Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
Presidential Standard of Brazil.svg
Jair Bolsonaro 2021 (cropped).jpg
Jair Bolsonaro

since 1 January 2019
Federal government of Brazil
StyleMr. President[1]
His Excellency
StatusHead of State
Head of Government
Member ofCabinet
National Defense Council
ResidencePalácio da Alvorada
AppointerDirect popular vote (two rounds if necessary)
Term lengthFour years,
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Brazil
Inaugural holderDeodoro da Fonseca
FormationProclamation of the Republic
15 November 1889
DeputyVice President of Brazil
SalaryR$ 402,151 annually[2]

The president of Brazil (Portuguese: Presidente do Brasil), officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is the head of state and head of government of Brazil.

Requirements[change | change source]

The national constitution says that a president be a native-born citizen of Brazil, at least 35 years of age, a resident of Brazil, a registered voter, and a member of a political party.[3]

Terms[change | change source]

The president of Brazil can only be president for a term of four years,[4] and may be re-elected for a second four term.[5] This two-term limit, however, is not for life—a former president who has served for two consecutive terms may run for the presidency again after at least one term has ended.[6]

List[change | change source]

Living former presidents[change | change source]

Image Name Term of office Age
Foto Oficial Sarney EBC.jpg José Sarney 1985–1990 92 years, 93 days
Fernando Collor 1992 B&W.jpg Fernando Collor de Mello 1990–1992 72 years, 348 days
Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1994).jpg Fernando Henrique Cardoso 1995–2002 91 years, 38 days
Lula - foto oficial - 05 jan 2007 (cropped 3).jpg Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva 2003–2010 76 years, 272 days
Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09.jpg Dilma Rousseff 2011–2016 74 years, 224 days
Presidente Michel Temer (foto oficial) - cortada.jpg Michel Temer 2016–2018 81 years, 306 days

The longest-lived President was Venceslau Brás, who died on May 15 1966 (at the age of 98 years, 78 days).

The most recent President to die was Itamar Franco, who died on July 2, 2011.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Decreto nº 9.758, de 11 de abril de 2019" (in Portuguese) (70–A). Impressa Nacional. 11 April 2019: 5. ISSN 1677-7042. Retrieved 4 February 2021. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. [1] Archived 2021-05-15 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Transparency, Supervision and Control. Retrieved on 15 May 2021. (in Portuguese)
  3. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 3.
  4. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 82.
  5. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 5.
  6. "G1 > Política - NOTÍCIAS - Terceiro mandato é 'legal e constitucional', diz Dirceu". Retrieved 3 April 2020.

Other websites[change | change source]