Shenzhen

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Shenzhen
深圳市
Sub-provincial city
Clockwise from top left: East Pacific Center, KK100, Shun Hing Square, Coastal City, Shenzhen Bay at night, and Shenzhen Stock Exchange
Clockwise from top left: East Pacific Center, KK100, Shun Hing Square, Coastal City, Shenzhen Bay at night, and Shenzhen Stock Exchange
Location of Shenzhen City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Location of Shenzhen City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Shenzhen is located in China
Shenzhen
Location in China
Coordinates: 22°33′N 114°06′E / 22.55°N 114.1°E / 22.55; 114.1Coordinates: 22°33′N 114°06′E / 22.55°N 114.1°E / 22.55; 114.1
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
County-level divisions 6
City March 1979
SEZ formed 1 May 1980
Government
 • Type Sub-provincial city
 • CPC Committee Secretary Ma Xingrui
 • Mayor Xu Qin
Area
 • Sub-provincial city 2,050 km2 (790 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,991.64 km2 (768.98 sq mi)
Elevation 0-943.7 m (0-3,145.7 ft)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Sub-provincial city 10,630,000
 • Density 5,185/km2 (13,430/sq mi)
 • Urban 10,630,000
 • Urban density 5,337.3/km2 (13,824/sq mi)
 • Major ethnicities Han
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 518000
Area code(s) 755
GDP 2014[2]
 - Total CNY 1.600 trillion
USD 260.48 billion
 - per capita CNY 149,500
USD 24,336
 - Growth Increase 8.8%
Licence plate prefixes 粤B
City flower Bougainvillea
City trees Lychee and mangrove[3]
Website sz.gov.cn

Shenzhen (Chinese: 深圳) is a city in Guangdong province, China. It is just north of Hong Kong. It has a subtropical climate.

Until recently, Shenzhen was a fishing village with just over 30,000 people. In 1980, under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, Shenzhen became one of China's Special Economic Zones (SEZ). It was in this city where China first experimented with capitalism. Since then, its population has grown to about 10.6 million people.[4]

Shenzhen is a progressive city. It has a strong economic connection with Hong Kong. It is also one of the main trading centers of the Pearl River Delta.[5] The manufacturing company Gionee is located in the city.

Twin towns — Sister cities[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Overview, General Info, Shenzhen Government Online[1"]. Shenzhen Government Online. 5 February 2015. http://english.sz.gov.cn/gi/. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  2. "Shenzhen's GDP per capita reached 149.5 thousand Yuan in 2014 which ranked the first among all sub-provincial cities" (in Chinese). China Economics. http://district.ce.cn/zg/201502/05/t20150205_4527300.shtml.
  3. "ShenZhen Government Online". http://english.sz.gov.cn/gi/. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  4. Shenzhen Government Online. "Overview", www.sz.gov.cn. March 24, 2015
  5. Wu, Annie (August 11, 2014). "China highlights". China Highlights. http://www.chinahighlights.com/shenzhen/shenzhen-facts.htm. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
The Central Business of Shenzhen
Looking down Shenzhen from a tall building