British Mandate of Palestine

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Mandatory Palestine
Flag of Palestine
Public Seal of Palestine
Public Seal
StatusMandate of the United Kingdom
Common languagesEnglish
Christianity · Druze
High Commissioner 
• 1920–1925 (first)
Sir Herbert Louis Samuel
• 1945–1948 (last)
Sir Alan G. Cunningham
Historical eraInterwar period · World War II
• Mandate assigned
25 April 1920
• Britain officially assumes control
29 September 1923
14 May 1948
CurrencyEgyptian pound (until 1927)
Palestine pound (from 1927)
ISO 3166 codePS
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Occupied Enemy Territory Administration
All-Palestine Government
Jordanian occupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem
Today part of Israel
 West Bank and Gaza
The UN plan for Palestine in 1947

The British Mandate of Palestine was a mandate of the United Kingdom in Palestine and Jordan. It began after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. It started from 1 July 1920, and operated until 1948. Britain had defeated the Ottoman forces in 1917, and occupied the territory. The mandate was approved by the League of Nations in June 1922, and went into effect on 11 September 1922.

The land west of the Jordan River, known as Palestine, was under direct British control until 1948. The land east of the Jordan River was known as Transjordan, and was governed by the Hashemite family. Transjordan gained independence in 1946. The mandate in Palestine ended at midnight on 14 May 1948. On the next day, the Arab-Israeli war began. Israel declared independence, the West Bank was annexed by Jordan, and Egypt took control of the Gaza Strip.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to British Mandate of Palestine at Wikimedia Commons

  • note: "Population of Palestine before 1948" does not differentiate between the Bedouin who were natives, and other Muslims (such as c.100.000 refugees of the Hejaz Wars who entered the area in the beginning of the 20th century), and is therefore misleading as regards this item.