British Mandate of Palestine

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Mandatory Palestine
Mandate of the United Kingdom

1920–1948
 

 

 

Flag Public Seal
Capital Jerusalem
Language(s) English
Arabic
Hebrew
Religion Islam
Christianity · Druze
Judaism
Political structure League of Nations Mandate
High Commissioner
 - 1920–1925 (first) Sir Herbert Louis Samuel
 - 1945–1948 (last) Sir Alan G. Cunningham
Historical era Interwar period · World War II
 - Mandate assigned 25 April 1920
 - Britain officially assumes control 29 September 1923
 - Israel declared independent 14 May 1948
Currency Egyptian pound (until 1927)
Palestine pound (from 1927)
Today part of  Israel
 West Bank and Gaza
th UN plan for paestn in 1947

The British Mandate of Palestine was a mandate of the United Kingdom in Palestine and Jordan. It began after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. It started from 1 July 1920, and operated until 1948. Britain had defeated the Ottoman forces in 1917, and occupied the territory. The mandate was approved by the League of Nations in June 1922, and went into effect on 11 September 1922.

The land west of the Jordan River, known as Palestine, was under direct British control until 1948. The land east of the Jordan River was known as Transjordan, and was governed by the Hashemite family. Transjordan gained independence in 1946. The mandate in Palestine ended at midnight on 14 May 1948. On the next day, the 1948 Arab–Israeli War began. Israel declared independence, the West Bank was annexed by Jordan, and Egypt took control of the Gaza Strip.

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