Sarawak

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Sarawak
Flag of Sarawak
Coat of arms of Sarawak
Nickname(s): 
Bumi Kenyalang[1]
Land of the Hornbills
Motto(s): 
Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti
United, Striving, Serving
Unitum, Pertinacem, Servientes (Latin)
Anthem: Ibu Pertiwiku My Motherland[2]
   Sarawak in    Malaysia
   Sarawak in    Malaysia
Coordinates: 2°48′N 113°53′E / 2.800°N 113.883°E / 2.800; 113.883Coordinates: 2°48′N 113°53′E / 2.800°N 113.883°E / 2.800; 113.883
CountryMalaysia
Raj of Sarawak1841
Japanese occupation1942
Crown colony1 July 1946
Self-governance granted22 July 1963[3][4]
Federated into Malaysia[5]16 September 1963[6]
Capital
(and largest city)
Kuching
Divisions
Government
 • TypeDominant-party parliamentary representative democracy
 • GovernorAbdul Taib Mahmud
 • Chief MinisterAbang Johari Openg (GPS-PBB)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly (82 seats)
Federal representationParliament of Malaysia
 • Dewan Rakyat seats31 of 222 (14.0%)
 • Dewan Negara seats2 of 70 (2.9%)
Area
 • Total124,450 km2 (48,050 sq mi)
Highest elevation2,424 m (7,953 ft)
Population
 (2020)[7]
 • TotalIncrease 2,907,500 (4th)
 • Density22/km2 (60/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sarawakian
Languages
 • OfficialEnglish • Malay
 • Other spokenBornean • Sarawak Malay • Hakka • Hokkien • Teochew • Fuzhou
Other ethnic minority languages
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups (2016)[8]
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST[9])
Postal code
93xxx[10] to 98xxx[11]
Calling code082 to 086[12]
ISO 3166 codeK (MY-13, 50–53)[13][14]
Vehicle registrationQA to QT[15]
GDP (2019)Increase RM 149.724 billion ($36.682 billion) (3rd)[16]
GDP per capita (2019)Increase RM 53,358 ($13,072) (5th)[16]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.745 (high) (14th)[17]
Driving sideLeft
Electricity voltage230 V, 50 Hz
CurrencyMalaysian ringgit (RM/MYR)
WebsiteOfficial website Edit this at Wikidata
Sarawak in Malaysia
Sarawak Bako National Park view.

Sarawak is a state in Malaysia. It is mostly on the northwestern part of the island of Borneo. The capital city of Sarawak is Kuching.[18]

Languages[change | change source]

The official languages of Sarawak are Malay and English.[19] Other local spoken languages include Chinese, Iban, Melanau, Bidayuh, Punan, Penan, Kelabit, Kayan and others.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Profil Negeri Sarawak (Sarawak State profile)". Jabatan Penerangan Malaysia (Malaysian Information Department). Archived from the original on 21 April 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  2. "Sarawak State Anthem". Sarawak Government. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  3. Vernon L. Porritt (1997). British Colonial Rule in Sarawak, 1946–1963. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-983-56-0009-8. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  4. Philip Mathews (28 February 2014). Chronicle of Malaysia: Fifty Years of Headline News, 1963–2013. Editions Didier Millet. p. 15. ISBN 978-967-10617-4-9.
  5. "Malaysia Act 1963 (Chapter 35)" (PDF). The National Archives. United Kingdom legislation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
  6. Wikisource link to Agreement relating to Malaysia between United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Federation of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore. Wikisource. 1963. p. 1. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Sarawak @ a Glance". Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  8. "Facts and Figures 2016". Archived from the original on 27 August 2021. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  9. "Facts of Sarawak". The Sarawak Government. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  10. "Postal codes in Sarawak". cybo.com. Archived from the original on 19 May 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  11. "Postal codes in Miri". cybo.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  12. "Area codes in Sarawak". cybo.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  13. Lian Cheng (17 February 2016). "It's 13, 50 to 53 for Sarawak". The Borneo Post. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  14. "State Code". Malaysian National Registration Department. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  15. Soon, Teh Wei (23 March 2015). "Some Little Known Facts On Malaysian Vehicle Registration Plates". Malaysian Digest. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Department of Statistics Malaysia Official Portal". www.dosm.gov.my. Retrieved 2020-09-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. "Subnational Human Development Index (2.1) [Sarawak – Malaysia]". Global Data Lab of Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  18. "Sarawak: Land of the Hornbills". Tourism Malaysia. Archived from the original on January 11, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  19. "Adenan defends decision to adopt English as Sarawak's official language - the Malaysian Insider". Archived from the original on 2015-12-26. Retrieved 2015-12-23.

Other websites[change | change source]

States and Federal Territories of Malaysia Flag of Malaysia
States: Johor | Kedah | Kelantan | Melaka | Negeri Sembilan | Pahang | Perak | Perlis | Penang | Sabah | Sarawak | Selangor | Terengganu
Federal Territories: Kuala Lumpur | Labuan | Putrajaya