Angolan Civil War

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Angolan Civil War
Part of the Cold War and the South African Border War

MPLA military victory; transition towards

a multiparty political system; dissolution of the armed forces of UNITA and FNLA; participation of these movements, as political parties, in the new political system, from 1991/92 onwards; resistance of FLEC continued beyond 2002
 Cuba (1975-1991)
Supported by:
 Soviet Union (1975-89)[1]
East Germany East Germany
 South Africa (until 1989)
Supported by:
 United States
 People's Republic of China
Commanders and leaders
Agostinho Neto
José Eduardo dos Santos
Cuba Arnaldo Ochoa
Cuba Leopoldo Cintra
Soviet Union Konstantin Schaganovich
Jonas Savimbi
Holden Roberto

Angolan troops:

Cuba Cuban troops:

  • 35 000 - 37 000 (1982)[6]
  • 60,000 (1988)[6]

Soviet Union Soviet troops:

  • 1,200 (1985)[7]

UNITA militants:

  • 65,000 (1990, highest)[8]

FNLA militants:

  • 22,000 (1975)[9]
  • 4,000-7,000 (1976)[10]

Union of South Africa South African troops:

  • 20,000 (1976)
Casualties and losses

Cuba 2,077 killed,[11]
15,000 dead, wounded or missing[12]

Soviet Union 54 killed[13]


Union of South Africa 2,300 dead
Over 500,000 civilians killed[14]

The Angolan Civil War was a major civil war in the African country of Angola. It started in 1975 and continued until 2002. The war started right after Angola became independent from Portugal in November 1975. The Civil War was mostly a fight for power between two former liberation movements, the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). In 2002 the MPLA won.

About 500,000 people died in the war. The war also did a lot of damage to the buildings. Because of all the damage in 2003 80% of Angolans lacked access to basic medical care, 60% lacked access to water, and 30% of Angolan children would die before the age of 5, with an overall national life expectancy of less than 40 years of age.[15]

References[change | change source]