|Part of the Philippine Revolution |
and the Cuban War of Independence
(clockwise from top left)
First Philippine Republic
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
The Spanish–American War was a war fought between Spain and the United States in 1898, partly because many people in Cuba, one of the last parts of the Spanish Empire, wanted to become independent. Many Americans also wanted their country to get a colonial empire.
Causes[change | change source]
Following reports of Spain abusing and killing Cubans, the United States sent warships to Cuba. Spain was losing control of Cuba and so put Cubans into concentration camps. The US sent ships to Cuba to try to force Spain to give up Cuba. The USS Maine (ACR-1) exploded in Havana harbor, killing about 260 people on board. "Remember the Maine" became a common wartime saying. US newspapers blamed Spain for the explosion without proof. Spain tried to avoid going to war, but pressure from US newspapers, called "yellow journalism," and ordinary people persuaded the US government to go to war. Some of them wanted Cuba to become independent, but others hoped that the US could build a colonial empire overseas since many European countries had already done so.
War[change | change source]
The US won the war and soon began to occupy and to take control of the colonies after Spain had surrendered. Almost 400 American soldiers died during fighting, but more than 4000 Americans died from diseases such as yellow fever, typhoid, and malaria.
End[change | change source]
The war stopped when the Treaty of Paris was signed on December 10, 1898 by the United States and Spain. The United States became the owners of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, Later, it also got the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base.
Notes[change | change source]
- Unrecognized by the primary belligerents.
- Alternative names:
- The US declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898, but dated the beginning of the war retroactively to April 21
- Number is the total for all Cuban rebels active from 1895 to 1898.
References[change | change source]
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- See: USS Merrimac (1894).
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- Tucker 2009, p. 105.
- "Military Map, Island of Puerto Rico". World Digital Library. 1898. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
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