Roswell, New Mexico

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Roswell, New Mexico
City
Main Street in downtown Roswell
Main Street in downtown Roswell
Flag of Roswell, New Mexico
Flag
Nickname(s): 
"All America City - Alien City"
Location in Chaves County in the state of New Mexico
Location in Chaves County in the state of New Mexico
Roswell, New Mexico is located in the United States
Roswell, New Mexico
Roswell, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°23′14″N 104°31′41″W / 33.38722°N 104.52806°W / 33.38722; -104.52806Coordinates: 33°23′14″N 104°31′41″W / 33.38722°N 104.52806°W / 33.38722; -104.52806
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyChaves
Government
 • MayorDennis Kintigh
Area
 • Total29.9 sq mi (77.5 km2)
 • Land29.8 sq mi (77.3 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
3,573 ft (1,089 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total48,411
 • Estimate 
(2016)
48,184
 • Density1,600/sq mi (620/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (DST)
ZIP codes
88201-88203
Area code(s)575
FIPS code35-64930
GNIS feature ID0894171
Websitewww.roswell-nm.gov

Roswell is a city in the U.S. state of New Mexico. It is famous for the 1947 Roswell UFO Incident. It is also the home of New Mexico Military Institute (NMMI), which was founded in 1891.

Climate[change | change source]

Roswell has a warm semi-arid climate with cool winters and very hot summers. In summer temperatures are expected to be 100 °F (38 °C) or above on average around 30 days per year. In winter daytime temperatures are often between 50 °F (10 °C) to 70 °F (21 °C) and nights can be below freezing due to the city's high altitude. In the summer Roswell and the rest of New Mexico is effected by the North American Monsoon which can bring heavy rainfall and flooding. The highest temperature recorded in Roswell was 114 °F (46 °C) on June 27, 1995 and the lowest temperature recorded was −24 °F (−31 °C) on January 11, 1962 and February 8, 1933. Temperature at or above 110 °F (43 °C) or at or below 0 °F (−18 °C) are very rare occurring once or twice a decade. Average rainfall and snowfall is 11.6 inches (29 cm) and 9.6 inches (24 cm) respectively.

Climate data for Roswell, New Mexico (Roswell Air Park), 1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1893–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
91
(33)
95
(35)
102
(39)
107
(42)
114
(46)
111
(44)
111
(44)
104
(40)
99
(37)
94
(34)
84
(29)
114
(46)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 76.2
(24.6)
80.4
(26.9)
87.3
(30.7)
93.1
(33.9)
100.4
(38.0)
106.3
(41.3)
104.0
(40.0)
102.5
(39.2)
98.1
(36.7)
93.0
(33.9)
82.2
(27.9)
75.3
(24.1)
108.0
(42.2)
Average high °F (°C) 57.3
(14.1)
63.2
(17.3)
71.0
(21.7)
79.4
(26.3)
87.8
(31.0)
96.2
(35.7)
96.5
(35.8)
94.6
(34.8)
87.6
(30.9)
77.7
(25.4)
65.7
(18.7)
56.5
(13.6)
77.8
(25.4)
Average low °F (°C) 28.1
(−2.2)
32.5
(0.3)
39.4
(4.1)
47.0
(8.3)
56.7
(13.7)
65.7
(18.7)
69.9
(21.1)
68.6
(20.3)
61.2
(16.2)
48.8
(9.3)
36.3
(2.4)
28.1
(−2.2)
48.5
(9.2)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 14.4
(−9.8)
17.3
(−8.2)
23.0
(−5.0)
31.4
(−0.3)
44.0
(6.7)
55.9
(13.3)
63.2
(17.3)
61.3
(16.3)
48.8
(9.3)
32.4
(0.2)
20.0
(−6.7)
12.0
(−11.1)
9.3
(−12.6)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−24
(−31)
−5
(−21)
17
(−8)
27
(−3)
40
(4)
52
(11)
48
(9)
30
(−1)
14
(−10)
−6
(−21)
−10
(−23)
−24
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.36
(9.1)
0.35
(8.9)
0.54
(14)
0.57
(14)
1.14
(29)
1.28
(33)
1.82
(46)
1.68
(43)
1.55
(39)
1.33
(34)
0.45
(11)
0.56
(14)
11.63
(295)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.4
(6.1)
1.1
(2.8)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1.0)
1.2
(3.0)
3.8
(9.7)
9.6
(24)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.4 3.1 3.3 2.9 4.4 5.3 6.9 8.1 6.0 5.0 2.8 3.9 55.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.0 1.0 0.7 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.6 1.8 6.6
Average relative humidity (%) 56.8 51.1 39.7 36.5 39.6 43.2 49.1 54.1 57.6 54.0 52.7 54.5 49.1
Average dew point °F (°C) 21.9
(−5.6)
23.9
(−4.5)
25.0
(−3.9)
29.8
(−1.2)
39.0
(3.9)
49.6
(9.8)
56.8
(13.8)
57.7
(14.3)
52.5
(11.4)
40.8
(4.9)
28.6
(−1.9)
21.6
(−5.8)
37.3
(2.9)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 217.1 223.0 280.8 307.6 342.9 344.7 327.9 300.9 262.7 269.6 214.5 210.3 3,302
Percent possible sunshine 68 72 76 79 80 80 75 73 71 77 68 68 74
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1973–1990, sun 1962–1982)[1][2][3]
Source 2: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/us-climate-normals/</ref>

References[change | change source]

  1. "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
  2. "Station Name: NM ROSWELL IND AIR PK". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  3. "WMO Climate Normals for Roswell/Industrial Air Park, NM 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
Notes
  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.