|Region||Terra de Miranda (Miranda do Douro, Vimioso and Mogadouro)|
(10,000 use it regularly, 5,000 when they return to the area)
Official language in
|Co-official recognition. Special protection status in Miranda do Douro, Portugal. Statutory language of provincial identity in 4 municipalities, northeast Portugal (1999, Law No. 7-99 of 29 January).|
|Regulated by||Anstituto de la Lhéngua Mirandesa|
|ELP||Miranda do Douro|
Locator map of the Miranda do Douro municipality, which harbors the vast majority of Mirandese speakers.
The Mirandese language or lhéngua mirandesa is an Astur-Leonese language or language variety that is sparsely spoken in a small area of northeastern Portugal in Terra de Miranda (made up of the municipalities of Miranda do Douro, Mogadouro and Vimioso).
Recognition[change | change source]
The Assembly of the Republic granted it official recognition alongside Portuguese for local matters on 17 September 1998 with the law 7/99 of 29 January 1999. In 2001, Mirandese was officially recognised by the European Bureau for Lesser-Used Languages, which aims to promote the survival of the least spoken European languages.
Roots[change | change source]
Mirandese is a descendant of the Astur-Leonese variety spoken in the Kingdom of León and has both archaisms and innovations that differentiate it from the modern varieties of Astur-Leonese spoken in Spain. In recognition of these differences, and due to its political isolation from the rest of the Astur-Leonese speaking territory, Mirandese has adopted a different written norm to the one used in Spain for Astur-Leonese.
References[change | change source]
- Mirandese at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Mirandese language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- "Discovering Mirandese". Terminology Coordination Unit. 2015-05-26. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
- "Lei 7/99, 1999-01-29". Diário da República Eletrónico (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-01-24.
- Svobodová, Petra. "Mirandese language and its influence on the culture of the municipality of Miranda do Douro". Universidade Palacký.
|Mirandese edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|