|Motto: "Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité" (French)|
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
|Anthem: "La Marseillaise"|
and largest city
and national language
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic|
|4 October 1958 (65 years)|
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyy (AD)|
|Calling code||+33[upper-roman 2]|
|ISO 3166 code||FR|
|Internet TLD||.fr[upper-roman 3]|
The Fifth Republic (French: Cinquième République), France's current republican system of government, was created by Charles de Gaulle under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958.
The Fifth Republic was created after the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system that split powers between a prime minister as head of government and a president as head of state.
Notes[change | change source]
- For information about regional languages see Languages of France.
- The overseas regions and collectivities form part of the French telephone numbering plan, but have their own country calling codes: Guadeloupe +590; Martinique +596; French Guiana +594, Réunion and Mayotte +262; Saint Pierre and Miquelon +508. The overseas territories are not part of the French telephone numbering plan; their country calling codes are: New Caledonia +687, French Polynesia +689; Wallis and Futuna +681.
- In addition to .fr, several other Internet TLDs are used in French overseas départements and territories: .re, .mq, .gp, .tf, .nc, .pf, .wf, .pm, .gf and .yt. France also uses .eu, shared with other members of the European Union. The .cat domain is used in Catalan-speaking territories.
References[change | change source]
- "Important dérogation transitoire aux dispositions de l'article 90 de la Constitution" (in French). LegiFrance. Archived from the original on 2011-12-07. Retrieved 2020-12-06..
- Lessig, Lawrence (1993). "The Path of the Presidency". East European Constitutional Review. Fall 1993 / Winter 1994 (2/3): 104 – via Chicago Unbound, University of Chicago Law School.
- Richburg, Keith B. (25 September 2000). "French President's Term Cut to Five Years". The Washington Post. Retrieved 25 February 2017.