Juan Carlos I of Spain
|Juan Carlos I|
|King of Spain|
|Reign||22 November 1975 – 18 June 2014|
|Enthronement||27 November 1975|
|Predecessor||Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel (interim Head of State)|
Alfonso XIII (as King of Spain)
Francisco Franco (as Caudillo of Spain)
|Successor||Felipe VI of Spain|
|Born||5 January 1938|
|Spouse||Sophia of Greece and Denmark|
|Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo|
Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca
Felipe, Prince of Asturias
|House||Bourbons of Spain|
|Father||Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona|
|Mother||María de las Mercedes of the Two Sicilies|
Juan Carlos I (born 5 January 1938) reigned as King of Spain from 1975 to 2014.
His name came from his father (Juan de Borbón), his grandfather (Alfonso XIII) and his mother's father's name (Prince Carlo of the Two Sicilies).
Juan Carlos has study at Spainish Navy School and Spanish Air Force School in 1960-61. He studied Law, International political economy and Public finance at the University of Madrid. He then went to live in the Palace of Zarzuela and began carrying out official engagements.
On 22 November 1975, two days after the death of Francisco Franco, Juan Carlos became king. Franco had picked him and prepared him for the job. In 1969 it had been thirty years since the last king. King Juan Carlos helped change Spain from a dictatorship into a parliamentary democracy. In 2008 he was voted the most popular leader in all Ibero-America.
Juan Carlos' wife Queen Sofía of Spain is his third cousin, She is the sister of ex-King Constantine II of Greece, Juan and Queen Sofia of Greece have three children together, Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo , Infanta Cristina of Spain and Felipe VI of Spain
References[change | change source]
- "His Majesty the King Juan Carlos". The Royal Household of His Majesty the King!.
- The English-language version of the Official Royal Family website is rendered as Borbon, while in Spanish it is Borbón
- Redazione. "QUANDO JUAN CARLOS ABITAVA A VIALE PARIOLI |" (in Italian). Retrieved 2021-10-09.
- Goodman, Al; Mullen, Jethro; Levs, Josh (2 June 2014). "Spain's King Juan Carlos I to abdicate". CNN. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Spain will have two kings and two queens". Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Mariángel Alcázar (22 August 2019). "El rey Juan Carlos se someterá a una operación de corazón el próximo sábado". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- "Spain's ex-King Juan Carlos leaves country". BBC News. 4 August 2020. Retrieved 2020-08-04.
- Minder, Raphael (3 August 2020). "Juan Carlos, Spain's Former King, Quits Country Amid Multiple Investigations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
- "Royal House confirms former king of Spain, Juan Carlos I, has been in United Arab Emirates since Aug. 3". ABC News.
Titles and styles[change | change source]
- 5 January 1938 – 21 July 1969: His Royal Highness The Infante Juan Carlos of Spain
- 15 January 1941 – 22 November 1975: His Royal Highness The Prince of Asturias
- 21 July 1969 – 22 November 1975: His Royal Highness The Prince of Spain
- 22 November 1975 – 18 June 2014: His Majesty The King of Spain
- 18 June 2014 – : His Majesty King Juan Carlos I of Spain