French Third Republic

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French Republic

République française
1870–1940
Flag of French Third Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of French Third Republic
Coat of arms
Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité
("Liberty, equality, fraternity")
Anthem: La Marseillaise
("The Marseillaise")
The French Republic in 1914 * .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}   France * .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}   French protectorates
The French Republic in 1914
  •   France
  •   French protectorates
Territories and colonies of the French Republic at the end of 1939 Dark blue: Metropolitan territory Light blue: Colonies, mandates, and protectorates
Territories and colonies of the French Republic at the end of 1939
Dark blue: Metropolitan territory
Light blue: Colonies, mandates, and protectorates
CapitalParis
Common languagesFrench (official), several others
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Calvinism
Lutheranism
Judaism
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
President 
• 1871–1873 (first)
Adolphe Thiers
• 1932–1940 (last)
Albert Lebrun
President of the Council of Ministers 
• 1870–1871 (first)
Louis Jules Trochu
• 1940 (last)
Philippe Pétain
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
History 
• Proclamation by Leon Gambetta
4 September 1870
• Vichy France established
10 July 1940
Population
• 1870
36,100,000[1]
CurrencyFrench Franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Second French Empire
Vichy France
Free France
German military administration
Italian military administration
Today part of France
 Algeria

The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government created in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War, until 10 July 1940 after France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the creation of the Vichy government in France.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. https://dmorgan.web.wesleyan.edu/materials/population.htm
  2. Anderson, F.M. (1904). The constitutions and other select documents illustrative of the history of France, 1789–1901. The H. W. Wilson company 1904., complete text online