French First Republic

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French Republic

République française
Flag of France, Republic 1
Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!
Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or the death!
French First Republic (c. 1800)
French First Republic (c. 1800)
Common languagesFrench
• 1792–1795
National Convention
with Maximilien Robespierre leading the Convention
• 1795–1799
with Paul Barras leading the Directory
• 1799–1804
with Napoleon Bonaparte as First Consul
LegislatureNational Convention
French Directory
French Consulate
14 July 1789
21 September 1792
5 September 1793 to
28 July 1794 Abolishment of slavery 4 February 1794.
24 July 1794
9 November 1799
• Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed emperor by the Senate
18 May 1804
CurrencyFrench Franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of France (1791–1792)
First French Empire

The French First Republic was formed on 22 September 1792, by the newly made National Convention. The First Republic lasted until the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon I. This time is characterized by the fall of the monarchy, the making of the National Convention and the infamous Reign of Terror, the founding of the Directory and the Thermidorian Reaction, and finally, the making of the Consulate and Napoleon’s rise to power.

References[change | change source]

  1. Mould, Michael (2011). The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French. New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-136-82573-6. Retrieved 23 November 2011.

Coordinates: 48°52′00″N 2°19′59″E / 48.86667°N 2.33306°E / 48.86667; 2.33306