French First Republic
Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!
Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or the death!
French First Republic (c. 1800)
with Maximilien Robespierre leading the Convention
with Paul Barras leading the Directory
with Napoleon Bonaparte as First Consul
|14 July 1789|
|21 September 1792|
|5 September 1793 to|
28 July 1794 Abolishment of slavery 4 February 1794.
|24 July 1794|
|9 November 1799|
|18 May 1804|
The French First Republic was formed on 22 September 1792, by the newly made National Convention. The First Republic lasted until the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon I. This time is characterized by the fall of the monarchy, the making of the National Convention and the infamous Reign of Terror, the founding of the Directory and the Thermidorian Reaction, and finally, the making of the Consulate and Napoleon’s rise to power.
References[change | change source]
- Mould, Michael (2011). The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French. New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-136-82573-6. Retrieved 23 November 2011.