Prime Minister of India

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Prime Minister of the
Republic of India
भारत के प्रधानमंत्री of India
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of Govt of India
Flag of India.svg
Shri Narendra Modi.jpg
Incumbent
Narendra Modi
Government of India
Prime Minister's Office
StyleMr. Prime Minister
(Informal)
The Honourable
(Formal)
Member ofCabinet
NITI Aayog
Parliament of India
Reports toParliament of India
President of India
ResidencePanchavati,
New Delhi
AppointerPresident of India
Term lengthThe Prime Minister is the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holderJawaharlal Nehru
FormationConstitution of India
Salary200 lakh (US$340,000) (annual, including 4,900,000 (US$83,000) MP's salary)[1]
WebsitePrime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister of India, is the head of government of India. The Prime minister is the chair of the union cabinet, known as the Council of Ministers, which is the executive branch of the union government. The President of India is the head of state of India, however this office holds only nominal power where the Prime minister is the chief executive of the nation and exercises the President's executive powers. The Prime minister is the senior most minister in the union cabinet in his capacity as head of government and is normally always the leader and parliamentary chairperson of the majority government party in the Parliament of India. The current prime minister is Narendra Modi, who previously served as the chief minister of Gujarat, the head of government of the Indian state of Gujarat. He was sworn in on the 26th of May 2014.

The Prime Minister appoints the Council of Ministers, distributes portfolios among them, acts as the link between the Council of Ministers and the President and is the chief spokesperson of India's foreign policy.

Role and Power of the Prime Minister[change | change source]

The Prime Minister is responsible in aiding the President in his/her work relating to the government. The Prime Minister, in consultation with the Cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament.

Some specific ministries/department are not allocated to anyone in the cabinet but the Prime Minister himself. The Prime Minister is usually always in-charge/head of:

  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet;
  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions;
  • Ministry of Planning;
  • Department of Atomic Energy; and
  • Department of Space.

The Prime Minister also represents the country in various international meetings, conferences and organizations.

Selection process[change | change source]

Eligibility[change | change source]

A Prime Minister must be:

  • a citizen of India. (citizen may be or may not be born in India).
  • should be a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. If a person elected prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor Rajya Sabha, then he must become a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha within six months.
  • of above 25 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Lok Sabha) or above 30 years of age ( in the case of a seat in the Rajya sabha)

Oath[change | change source]

Oath of office:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as prime minister for the Union and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.

— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part I

Oath of secrecy:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Prime Minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as such Minister.

— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part II

List of Prime Ministers[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Pay & Allowances of the Prime Minister" (PDF). pmindia.nic.in/. Retrieved 14 June 2013.