Beatrix of the Netherlands

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Beatrix
Queen of the Netherlands
Beatrix in April 2013.jpg
Queen Beatrix (28 January 2013)
Reign30 April 1980 – 30 April 2013
Inauguration30 April 1980
PredecessorJuliana
Heir apparentWillem-Alexander
Prime Ministers
SpouseClaus von Amsberg
Issue
Detail
Willem-Alexander
Prince Johan-Friso
Prince Constantijn
Full name
Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard van Oranje-Nassau
HouseOrange-Nassau
FatherPrince Bernhard of the Netherlands
MotherJuliana of the Netherlands

Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard; born 31 January 1938[1]) is the former Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. She reigned from 1980 to 2013.

Beatrix is the eldest daughter of Queen Juliana and her husband, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld.[2] In 1948, she became heiress presumptive to the throne of the Netherlands. Her mother abdicated (gave up) the throne on 30 April 1980. Beatrix succeeded her as queen.

In January 2013, Beatrix announced that she would abdicate on 30 April 2013.[3] This day is known as Koninginnedag (Queen's Day). Her eldest son, Willem-Alexander, succeeded to the throne as King.[3] He is the first King of the Netherlands in 123 years.[4]

Since her abdication, she is called Princess Beatrix.

Family[change | change source]

Beatrix was married to Claus von Amsberg, who died in 2002. Her sons are King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau and Prince Constantijn.

Her second son, Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, died on 12 August 2013. He had been in a coma for more than a year because of a skiing accident in Austria in February 2012.

Her younger sister Christina died of bone cancer on 16 August 2019.

Ancestors[change | change source]

Beatrix of the Netherlands' ancestors in three generations
Beatrix of the Netherlands Father:
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal grandfather:
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal great-grandfather:
Count Ernst of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal great-grandmother:
Countess Caroline of Wartensleben
Paternal grandmother:
Baroness Armgard of Sierstorpff-Cramm
Paternal great-grandfather:
Baron Aschwin of Sierstorpff-Cramm
Paternal great-grandmother:
Baroness Hedwig of Sierstorpff
Mother:
Juliana of the Netherlands
Maternal grandfather:
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Maternal great-grandfather:
Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Maternal great-grandmother:
Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Maternal grandmother:
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Maternal great-grandfather:
William III of the Netherlands
Maternal great-grandmother:
Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont

References[change | change source]

  1. "Happy 75th Birthday to Queen of Nederlands Beatrix born 31 Jan 1938". Politics Inn. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  2. "Queen Beatrix Wilhelmina von Amsberg Facts". LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Dutch Queen Beatrix abdicates in favour of son". BBC. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  4. Peter Teffer (28 January 2013). "A royal family that believes in retirement? Dutch Queen Beatrix to abdicate". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 19 February 2016.