United Kingdom of the Netherlands

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Kingdom of the Netherlands
Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Dutch)
Royaume des Belgiques (French)
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Je maintiendrai
"I will maintain"
Wien Neêrlands Bloed
"Those in whom Dutch blood"
Map of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815
Capital Amsterdam and Brussels
Languages Dutch, French
Religion Protestant, Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional monarchy
 •  1815–1839 William I
Legislature States-General
 •  Upper house Senate
 •  Lower house House of Representatives
Historical era Early modern period
 •  Congress of Vienna 15 March 1815
 •  Constitution adopted 24 August 1815
 •  Belgian Revolution 25 August 1830
 •  Treaty of London 19 April 1839
Currency Dutch guilder
Preceded by
Succeeded by
First French Empire
Duchy of Limburg (1839–1867)

The United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1839) is the unofficial name used for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This was after it was first made from part of the First French Empire and before the new Kingdom of Belgium split off from it in 1830. Most of it is still today the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It was made up of the former Dutch Republic to the north, the former Austrian Netherlands to the south, and the former Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The House of Orange-Nassau were the monarchs.

The United Kingdom of the Netherlands ended after the 1830 Belgian Revolution. William I, King of the Netherlands did not recognize a Belgian state until 1839. He was made to sign the Treaty of London. Only at this time were borders agreed.