President of India

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President of India
Emblem of India.svg
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The President of India Ram Nath Kovind on October 18, 2019 (02) (cropped).jpg
Ram Nath Kovind

since 25 July 2017
StatusHead of state
ResidenceRashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
Rashtrapati Nilayam, Hyderabad (winter)
The Retreat Building, Shimla (summer)
AppointerElectoral College of India
Term lengthFive years
PrecursorGovernor General of India
Inaugural holderRajendra Prasad (1950–1962)
FormationThe Constitution of India
26 January 1950; 71 years ago (1950-01-26)
DeputyVice President of India
Salary1100000 (US$19,000) (per month)[1]

The President of India is the head of state of the Republic of India. The current president, Ram Nath Kovind, who was sworn in on 25 July 2017. He succeeded Pranab Mukherjee. The President resides in an estate known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi. 

Qualifications[change | change source]

The President must be:

  • A citizen of India
  • At least 35 years old
  • A person shall not be eligible for election as President if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.
  • The name of the candidate desiring to be the President must be proposed by at least 10 electors and seconded by another 10 of the Electoral College.

Vacancy in the Office of President[change | change source]

The Office of the President falls vacant in the following scenarios:

  • By reason of death
  • By reason of resignation
  • Removal by Supreme Court
  • Removal by impeachment
  • On the expiry of their term

The Vice-President of India will have to discharge the duties, if the Office falls vacant due to any reason other than expiry of the term. when vacancies occur in the offices of the President and of the Vice-President simultaneously, the Chief Justice discharges the functions of the President until a newly elected President.

List of presidents[change | change source]

Living former presidents[change | change source]

There is one living former Indian president:

References[change | change source]

  1. "President, Vice President, Governors' salaries hiked to Rs 5 lakh, Rs 4 lakh, Rs 3.5 lakh respectively". Times Now News. IANS. 1 February 2018. Archived from the original on 2 February 2018.