Flag of India
|Adopted||22 July 1947|
|Design||Horizontal tricolour flag (India saffron, white, and India green). In the centre of the white is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes|
|Designed by||Pingali Venkayya[N 1]|
The modern Flag of The Republic of India has three colours, which are placed horizontally. At the top is saffron, which signifies sacrifice and patriotism. In the middle is white, which stands for truth in word and actions and purity in our thoughts. At the bottom is green, which stands for life and prosperity. In the middle of the white is a blue wheel, which is called the Ashoka Chakra. It has 24 spokes and it stands for progress.The Chakra or the wheel also symbolizes the Power of the State governed by Dharma. It is also called the tiranga or tricolour. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
Gandhi first in 1921, Congress spoke of their flag. The flag Pingali Venkaiah, who had designed. There were two colors, red for the Hindus, and green for Muslims. Was in the middle of a cycle. For the other religions in the white paint was added. A few days before Independence, the Constituent Assembly national modified. The spinning wheel replaced the Ashok Chakra Lee. The new flag of the country's second President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan explained again.
The national flag of India the top band of Saffron color, indicating the strength and courage of the country. The strip between the white is a symbol of peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The lower green stripe fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land exhibits. Built on the white strip cycle menstrual cycle says. Wheel of Dharma wheel of the law that says the third century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka built the Sarnath Temple was taken from. The chakra intends to show that this is life in movement and death in stagnation.
Are estimated using the following transfer in Indian flag colors. In flag saffron, white, green and blue colors that HTML Arljilbi and Web colors in the (hexadecimal notation); CMYK equivalent; Dye color and Penton equal number.
References[change | change source]
- Virmani, Arundhati (2008). A National Flag for India. Rituals, Nationalism and the Politics of Sentiment. Delhi, Permanent Black. pp. 356 p.. ISBN 81-7824-232-X
- Virmani, Arundhati (August 1999). "National Symbols under Colonial Domination: The Nationalization of the Indian Flag, March–August 1923". Past & Present 164: 169–197. doi:10.1093/past/164.1.169.
- Roy, Srirupa (August 2006). "A Symbol of Freedom: The Indian Flag and the Transformations of Nationalism, 1906–". Journal of Asian Studies 65 (3). ISSN 0021-9118. OCLC 37893507. http://www.umass.edu/sbs/pdf/srirupa_roy_article.pdf
- Jha, Sadan (25 October 2008). "The Indian National Flag as a site of daily plebiscite". Economic and political weekly: 102–111. ISSN 0012-9976. OCLC 1567377.
- "Indian Standards" (PDF). Bureau of Indian Standards. http://www.bis.org.in/sf/pow/txd.pdf. Retrieved 1 July 2005.
- "India". Flags of the World. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/in.html. Retrieved 30 June 2005.
- "India: Historical Flags". Flags of the World. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/in-hist.html. Retrieved 30 June 2005.
- "Flying the real tricolour". Rediff.com. http://www.rediff.com/money/2002/jan/25flag.htm. Retrieved 1 July 2005.
- "My Flag, My Country". Rediff.com. http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/jun/13spec.htm. Retrieved 1 July 2005.
Trevor Royle, The Last Days of the Raj, Cornet Books, Hodder and Stoughton, London, pg. 217)
Notes[change | change source]
- The current flag is an adaptation of Suraiya Tayyabji original design, but she is generally credited as the designer of the flag.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: National flag of India|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Flag of India|
|Wikisource has original writing related to this article:|
- "National Flag". National Portal of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100126160054/http://india.gov.in/knowindia/national_flag.php. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- "History of Indian Tricolor". National Portal of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 9 August 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100809095826/http://india.gov.in/myindia/national_flag.php. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
- "Flag Code of India". Ministry of Home Affairs (India). http://mha.nic.in/pdfs/flagcodeofindia.pdf. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- India at Flags of the World