Flag of Indonesia

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Indonesia
Flag of Indonesia.svg
NameSang Saka Merah-Putih
Bendera Merah-Putih
Merah-Putih
UseNational flag and ensign Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Proportion2:3
Adopted13th century (Majapahit Empire)
28 October 1928 (standardized)
17 August 1945 (original)
17 August 1950 (official)
DesignA horizontal bicolour of red and white
Designed byFatmawati
Naval Jack of Indonesia.svg
Variant flag of Indonesia
NameUlar-Ular Perang or Lencana Perang
UseNaval jack Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Proportion2:3
DesignNine horizontal stripes of alternating red and white

The Flag of Indonesia is a bicolour flag with two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3.

The flag of Indonesia is graphically identical to the Flag of Monaco, with a slight difference only in the ratio of its dimensions.

Usage[change | change source]

The National Monument with a row of Indonesian flags
The Indonesian flag of Ular-Ular Perang variant used by Indonesian Navy

Regulation and flag protocol[change | change source]

The flag is described in Article 35, Chapter XV, of the Constitution of Indonesia; Government Regulation No. 24/2009; and Government Regulation No. 40/1958.[1]

The national flag shall be Sang Merah Putih (The Red-White)

— Article 35, Chapter XV, Constitution of Indonesia[2]

The raising of the flag should be conducted in the time between sunrise until sunset, but in certain circumstances, it can be done at night. In daily use, the flag should be flown at every commemoration such as the Indonesian Independence Day on 17 August every year, by the citizens who have a right to use it at house, building or office, schools, colleges, public and private transport and the representative office of Indonesia in overseas. The flag can be flown in maritime-based activity as well.

Indonesian sail training ship KRI Dewaruci at Sailabration 2012, Baltimore Inner Harbor, Maryland, USA
Indonesian Navy Ship with the flag of Indonesia flown (Ular-Ular Perang variant)

It can be used as the cover of the coffin of a President or former Presidents, Vice President or former Vice Presidents, Members of Cabinet, Speaker of People's Representative Council, and Head of Government, members of the Indonesian Armed Forces, and persons who are members of the Indonesian National Police who died in service, or an Indonesian citizen who made contributions to their nation as a badge of honor.

References[change | change source]

  1. "UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA : NOMOR 24 TAHUN 2009" (PDF). Badanbahasa.kemdikbud.go.id. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  2. Indrayana, Denny (2008). Indonesian Constitutional Reform 1999-2002: An Evaluation of Constitution-Making in Transition. Jakarta: Kompas Book Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 978-979-709-394-5.