President of Iceland

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President of Iceland
Forseti Íslands
Coat of arms of the President of Iceland.svg
Flag of the President of Iceland.svg
Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson, the President of Iceland
Incumbent
Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson

since 1 August 2016
Office of the President
Member ofState Council of Iceland
ResidenceBessastaðir
SeatGarðabær, Capital Region
Term lengthFour years
Renewable indefinitely as long as the incumbent wins presidential elections or is uncontested.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Iceland
PrecursorKing of Iceland
Inaugural holderSveinn Björnsson
Formation17 June 1944
SuccessionCollective
President of the Parliament, Prime Minister and President of the Supreme Court.
Salary289,000 annual[1] (2017)
Websiteenglish.forseti.is (in English)
forseti.is (in Icelandic)

The President of Iceland (Icelandic: Forseti Íslands) is the head of state of Iceland. The incumbent is Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson, who is now in his first term as president.

The president is elected to a four-year term by popular vote, is not term-limited, and has limited powers. The presidential residence is in Bessastaðir in Garðabær, near the capital city Reykjavík.

List[change | change source]

There have been six Presidents of Iceland since the establishment of the republic.

Term: 1 appointed · 2 died in office · 3 uncontested

President Took office Left office Duration Term Prime ministers
1 Sveinn Björnsson.jpg Sveinn Björnsson
(1881–1952)
17 June 1944 25 January 19522 7 years, 7 months, 8 days
(2,778 days)
1 (1944)1 Björn Þórðarson
Ólafur Thors
Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson
Ólafur Thors
Steingrímur Steinþórsson
2 (1945)3
3 (1949)3
Regent of Iceland 1941–1944, later became the first President of Iceland. In 1950 considered forming a government that did not rely on parliamentary support after leaders of the parliamentary parties had reached an impasse. The only President to die in office; this led to a vacancy, the powers of the office being constitutionally vested jointly in the prime minister (Steingrímur Steinþórsson), the President of the Parliament (Jón Pálmason) and the President of the Supreme Court (Jón Ásbjörnsson).
2 Asgeir Asgeirsson.jpg Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
(1894–1972)
1 August 1952 1 August 1968 16 years
(5,844 days)
4 (1952) Steingrímur Steinþórsson
Ólafur Thors
Hermann Jónasson
Emil Jónsson
Ólafur Thors
Bjarni Benediktsson
Ólafur Thors
Bjarni Benediktsson
5 (1956)3
6 (1960)3
7 (1964)3
First president elected by popular vote.
3 Kristján Eldjárn (1982).jpg Kristján Eldjárn
(1916–1982)
1 August 1968 1 August 1980 12 years
(4,383 days)
8 (1968) Bjarni Benediktsson
Jóhann Hafstein
Ólafur Jóhannesson
Geir Hallgrímsson
Ólafur Jóhannesson
Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal
Gunnar Thoroddsen
9 (1972)3
10 (1976)3
At one point considered forming a government that did not rely on parliamentary support after leaders of the parliamentary parties had reached an impasse.
4 Vigdis Finnbogadottir (1985).jpg Vigdís Finnbogadóttir
(born 1930)
1 August 1980 1 August 1996 16 years
(5,844 days)
11 (1980) Gunnar Thoroddsen
Steingrímur Hermannsson
Þorsteinn Pálsson
Steingrímur Hermannsson
Davíð Oddsson
12 (1984)3
13 (1988)
14 (1992)3
Was the world's first elected female president and overwhelmingly won a contested election in 1988.
5 Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, September 2011 (cropped).jpeg Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
(born 1943)
1 August 1996 1 August 2016 20 years
(7,305 days)
15 (1996) Davíð Oddsson
Halldór Ásgrímsson
Geir Haarde
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson
16 (2000)3
17 (2004)
18 (2008)3
19 (2012)
First to use the constitutional authorisation to deny signing a law from the parliament, thus sending the law to a national referendum, on three occasions.
6

President Gudni Thorlacius Johannesson September 2016.jpg

Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson
(born 1968)
1 August 2016 Incumbent 4 years, 98 days
(1559 days)
20 (2016) Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson
Bjarni Benediktsson
Katrín Jakobsdóttir

References[change | change source]

  1. "Iceland's president turns down a monthly pay increase of 5,300 USD".