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Atlantic puffins (F. arctica)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Alcidae
Genus: Fratercula
Brisson, 1760

F. arctica
F. cirrhata
F. corniculata

Puffins are sea birds[1] that can fly and swim. These squat birds live in the cold sea of the northern Arctic Ocean. In the breeding season they move to the coast, where they dig burrows on cliffs and make a nest in the burrow.

Description[change | change source]

Puffins have thick, waterproof feathers that protect them from the cold. They have webbed feet that help them swim. They hunt for fish underwater and can hold several fish in their large beaks. Their beak is triangular when seen from the side and narrow when viewed from the front. In breeding season, the beak becomes brightly colored. In the air, they beat their relatively small wings very fast (up to 400 times in a minute).[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Gray, Samantha (2001). Dorling Kindersley Eyewonder: Ocean. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 9780789481801.
  2. "26 Questions About Puffins". Project Puffin. National Audubon Society.