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Qiblah (قبلة, also transliterated as Kiblah) is an Arabic word for the direction that should be faced when a Muslim prays during Salah. Most mosques contain a niche in a wall that indicates the qiblah.

First Qibla;Dan Gibson, researcher of Islamic history and archeology, showed that the orientations of the first Islamic masjids and cemeteries show Petra. He found that it was the place where Muhammad and the first Muslims lived, and that the first direction of qibla for the Muslims was facing Petra.[1][2]

Lower Petra.

References[change | change source]

  1. Dan Gibson: Qur'ānic geography: a survey and evaluation of the geographical references in the qurãn with suggested solutions for various problems and issues. Independent Scholars Press, Surrey (BC) 2011, ISBN 978-0-9733642-8-6
  2. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/11/3/102/htm