|Canis lupus rufus|
Audubon & Bachman, 1851
The red wolf (Canis rufus) is a fast-running canid, territorial carnivore. These social mammals live and hunt in small packs. The red wolf is an endangered species of wolf from the Eastern North America. Red wolves were declared extinct in the wild in 1980 after the few remaining wild wolves were placed in a captive breeding program. Reintroduced to the wild in 1987 in northeastern North Carolina, red wolves began to recover, but the population is rapidly diminishing as of late 2016.
The red wolf is smaller than a gray wolf and larger than a coyote. It is slender and long-legged, and it lives in the wild only on the Albemarle Peninsula in NC. It hunts small mammals, rodents, and white-tailed deer.
There are many red wolves in captivity.
There is a lot of controversy about its taxonomy, which is not settled yet.