Redback spider

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Redback spider
Latrodectus hasseltii close.jpg
Adult red back spider
Latrodectus hasselti male.png
Adult male (considerably smaller than female)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Theridiidae
Genus: Latrodectus
Species:
L. hasseltii
Binomial name
Latrodectus hasseltii
Synonyms[1]

The redback spider is a venomous spider that lives in Australia. The female is larger than the male. The female's body is about 1 centimetre long and the male's body is about 3 millimetres long. The adult female spider is usually black and usually has a red stripe on its back. The female likes to live in warm sheltered places and makes a web to catch insects and other small creatures.[2]

The spider's bite can be very painful and dangerous to people, because it can inject a venom through its fangs. An antivenom injection is available, which can help to restore the health of people who have become very ill after being bitten by the spider.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Taxon details Latrodectus haseltii Thorell, 1870". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  2. Garb, Jessica E. (June 2004). "The Black Widow Spider Genus Latrodectus (Araneae: Theridiidae): Phylogeny, Biogeography, and Invasion History" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 31 (3): 1127–42. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.10.012. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)